If employers are paying employees more then they will raise costs to offset the added expenses. This will cause the buying power of the dollar to decrease, making it so people who received the minimum wage increases will not be making any more money than they otherwise would’ve, and people who did not have their pay increased, will be making even less money then they had used too. This would do nothing but increase the poverty rate even higher, doing exactly the opposite of what the counter argument says it would. The second way this counterclaim is disproven, is because of the increase people will see in the cost of living. With the price of housing, food, etc.
Crazy Wage Mike Durant once said, “Making it more expensive to create new jobs is a perfect way to guarantee fewer of them.” The recent, “Raise the Wage” campaigns have sparked an interest in many low-wage workers, however those who support this initiative are unaware of the economic problems that will arise if this is successful. Several cities have already raised their minimum wages and some, like Seattle, are raising it as high as $15 per hour. Currently, supporters of this campaign argue that this raise should be implemented federally. However, doing so will have broad and negative financial implications. Ever since the Great Depression, the minimum wage has been in effect — in order to reduce poverty and solidify that employees are paid a reasonable sum.
According to a professor named Robert B. Rich “$10.10 isn’t enough to lift all workers and their families out of poverty. Most low-wage workers aren’t young teenagers; they’re major breadwinners for their families, and many are women. And they and their families need a higher minimum wage.” Robert is saying that the minimum wage should be increased because for most people in a family that earns all of the money to support their family will need to get out of poverty. Therefore raising the minimum wage would be benefit.
Because in periods of full employment more jobs are open providing an explanation for the reduction of wage differentials during periods of full employment. Recent empirical studies undertaken in the USA indicate that in the absence of collective bargaining, employers will continue indefinitely to pay diverse rates for the same grade of labor in the same locality under strictly comparable conditions The labor market is considered by lack of fluidity and diversity of rates in similar jobs. If a particular employer offers a price of labor it does not cause employees of other firms receiving fewer wagers to leave their jobs and go to high wages employer. Labor market: multinationals have trouble recruiting managers and other skilled workers. There are few search firms and recruiting agencies in low-income countries.
However, in the long run these will have an effect on unemployment that will rise up and getting even worse. Moreover, most people are unlikely to be happy to accept higher taxes as it reduces disposable income and the level of consumption. A reduction of government spending may result in less people will support the government. Demand side policies will bring down the price level (reduce inflation), but they will result in lower national output and rise in unemployment. Therefore, government could use supply side policies to deal with the unemployment situation such as in interventionist supply-side policies will increase the levels of human capital of an economy by support education and training institutions with subsidies or tax benefits and for market-based supply-side policies will reduce trade union power.
(Besanko, David, Dranove, & Shanley, 2000) 2.2. Effect of minimum wage on equality from theoretical perspective: Minimum wage legislation is good for those employees who remain employed after the legislation as they are now getting higher wages as compared to before. (Mankiw, 2008) But it is bad for those employees who get laid off (i.e. become unemployed) because the employers now find it expensive to hire them due to the minimum wage legislation. (Besanko, David, Dranove, & Shanley, 2000) Thus, minimum wage leads to a rise in inequality.
First, the minimum wage needs to take inflation into account. Too many areas have remained stagnant, and this is not acceptable as inflation is degrading workers wages over time. The minimum wage also needs to be based on the company in order to protect small businesses. Companies with a certain threshold of workers can afford to pay higher minimum wages, while smaller companies will be protected in order for them to stay in business. The wage also needs to be based off of the state or even the municipality.
This income would be okay for the average high school or college student, but not for a parent who maybe didn 't finish high school and has a family to take care of. This forces a minimum wage worker to rely on the government for things like food stamps, cash aid, housing assistance, and health care. “Increasing the minimum wage can be part of a comprehensive poverty-reduction package in developing countries but should not be the only, or even the main, tool to reduce poverty”. Minimum wage workers spend more of their income on things like housing and never get to a point to be financially comfortable causing more people to go into poverty. Studies show there
In the job market, the increase in minimum wage will cause a shortage, making it less profitable for companies to employ many workers. This will result in higher unemployment. In response to such criticisms, the government has come up with a concept called the “voluntary living wage,” which is an “attempt to encourage firms to pay higher wages” (Economics Help). A living wage is an “hourly wage rate considered the minimum level to provide the essentials of modern living” (Pettinger, 2012). To put it into simpler words, a living wage is an adjusted type of wage that takes into account the average price level of the country.
Classical or real-wage unemployment occurs when real wages for a job are set above the market-clearing level, causing the number of job-seekers to exceed the number of vacancies. Many economists have argued that unemployment increases with increased governmental regulation. For example, minimum wage laws raise the cost of some low-skill laborers above market equilibrium, resulting in increased unemployment as people who wish to work at the going rate cannot (as the new and higher enforced wage is now greater than the value of their labor). Laws restricting layoffs may make businesses less likely to hire in the first place, as hiring becomes more risky. However, this argument overly simplifies the relationship between wage rates and unemployment,