Prosthodontic In Dentistry

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INTRODUCTION: The goal of modern prosthodontic in dentistry is to restore normal function, comfort, aesthetic, speech, and health to individuals who are missing teeth. This is because our population is ageing and there is increasing number of individuals being affected, hence the extraction of irrecoverable tooth[1]. However, the more the teeth in the same person is missing, the more challenging this task can become. As a result of continuous research developing various innovative ways of treatments, predictable success is now a reality in many challenging dental situations. Patient’s need for prosthodontic are determined by the features of functional, aesthetic, psychological and social impacts due to tooth loss [1][2]. But not all patients…show more content…
The survey includes questionson patient’s details, treatment details and questions on patient’s short term feedback after the procedure. A short term prospective cohort study was designed. Data were collected after the extraction has been done and after showing a video footage on treatment options to patient which is before opting the type of prosthesis to replace the missing extracted tooth. Random patients who walks in to the hospital for extraction of tooth due to varies reason such as dental caries with pulpitis, mobile tooth, periodontally compromised tooth were selected with exception of third molar extraction, extraction of multiple teeth, extraction for orthodontic purpose and patients who have already been exposed to wearing prosthodontic. Clinical examination was performed at the tooth extraction appointment. General information such as age, gender, state of origin and income were taken as patient’s details. Patient’s prosthodontic need was examined by questionnaire that include questions about functional, aesthetic and psychological impacts associated to tooth loss and need of prosthodontic…show more content…
Each question directed was analyzed for chi square. A number of 11 patients have undergone tooth extraction in maxillary anterior region, 32 patients had tooth extraction in maxillary posterior region, mandibular anterior tooth extraction recorded 21 patients and 36 patients had done mandibular posterior region tooth extraction. Out of 100 patients, 35% opted for removable partial denture (RPD) while 48% opted for fixed partial denture (FPD) and only 17% opted for implants to replace the missing tooth. The choice of prosthesis opted by patients varying from each region. In maxillary anterior region, 2% of patients opted for removable partial denture (RPD), 4% opted for fixed partial denture (FPD) while 5% chose implants. Extraction of tooth in maxillary posterior region had 19% of patients chose RPD, 8% chose FPD and about 5% of them chose implants to replace the missing tooth. Tooth extraction of mandibular anterior recorded 4% of patients opted for RPD and 14% chose FPD while another 3% had chosen implants. Mandibular posterior region tooth extraction had 10% of patients opted for RPD, 22% opted for FPD and 4% opted for implants (Figure 1). Patients perception on agreeing it is mandatory to replace the missing tooth are 9%, 79% strongly agreed while 12% disagreed (Figure 2). Concerning of appearance after the extraction, 32% of patients are confident, 24%

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