He argues that Europe was ‘a power-based civilization’ and believes that Europe dominated other civilizations because Europe was innovative. Landes does acknowledge the fact that civilizations such as China were inventive, but he believes that they were not innovative enough to become the leading civilization – inventive means having a new idea for a product or process and innovative means practically applying the new inventions into products or services. In Landes’ book, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations, he gives us multiple examples of which he explains this argument. One of the
Climate change is denied is due to the prioritization of business and the economy. Large corporations create their products with uncostly materials, in order to profit more, and those materials are more-often-than-not non-renewable resources or cause damage to the Earth. These corporations prefer to not be targeted with accusations of the unethical damage they are causing. Therefore, they create propaganda against climate change, they create doubt among their customers. It is considered a business tactic to create news surrounding issues, in order to distract the consumers from whatever controversial issue that is, or could be, affecting their sales.
The ultimate purpose of Roosevelt's speech was to appeal to anyone who didn't get adequately paid when working in the corporations (New Nationalism speech 1910). He wanted these men to earn what they deserved (New Nationalism speech 1910). Roosevelt’s speech is mainly about how the United States found itself transformed fundamentally after the Civil war and how the war resolved the problem of slavery (New Nationalism speech 1910). It seemed to open new birth of freedom as Abraham Lincoln had hoped, but the potential of American industry had been unleashed, which brought challenges to the country due to new economic and social problems on a national scale (B&N). He tried to stop the big corporations from gaining power (B&N).
He wanted to show that American is very powerful and won the communism because he described the opposites of communism. Obama basically said the west won the east in Berlin so Germany should stick to USA rather than the East. Barack Obama said “we are not citizens of America or Germany- we are also citizens of the world” he used a personal pronoun and made the audience think of a bigger picture of the world. Barack mentioned “our alliance is the foundation of global security. Our trade and our commerce is the engine of our global economy.
In the midst of the Industrial Revolution, imperialism became inevitable as Europeans needed raw materials for industrialization. As time passed, Europeans grew covetous for money and goods. During the late 1800s, both Africa and China was uncontrolled and had some of the most essential raw resources and luxuries. Raw materials were required in order to keep European industrialization flourishing. Thus European government wanted economic opulence by obtaining raw materials in Africa, and by imperializing China to trade so the accumulated profit can be used to purchase Chinese goods.
Marx and Engels wrote that capitalist globalization was completely eroding the foundations of the international system of states in the mid-1840s. Conflict and competition between nation-states had not yet over in their view but the main fault-lines in future looked certain to revolve around the two main social classes: the national bourgeoisie, which controlled different systems of government, and an increasingly cosmopolitan proletariat. Over revolutionary action, the international proletariat would insert the Enlightenment principles of liberty, equality and fraternity in an exclusively new world order which would free all human beings from exploitation and domination. Many traditional theorists of international relations have pointed to the failures of Marxism or historical materialism as an explanation of world history. Marxists had undervalued the vital importance of nationalism, the state and war, and the implication of the balance of power, international law and diplomacy for the structure of world politics.
The establishment of the united nations was meant to emphasis the protection of human rights following the horror of WW2. However, its lack of action and power during the Cold War made it a complete failure. “human rights were paid little more than lip service in the international arena. The UN effectively turned a blind eye to human rights violations in both the East and the West.” After the Cold War humanity no longer accepted that nothing could be done to prevent Stalin’s ‘purges’ or the discrimination against African American’s in the US. Most importantly, the Berlin wall is made significant for more than showing the divide of ideologies, it also represented the oppression of human rights.
In contrast, Legrain has the opposite opinion to the transnational corporation. In chapter 5, he states that use a huge company to compare with a country is unreasonable. Companies are not powerful as a country. I agree with Legrain’s opinion, companies will try their best to attract consumers, but they can not force them to purchase their products. But the country can make a law to manage those companies and people, like tariffs.
According to the Marxist theory, the war should have never happened because the conflict only exploited the class of the capitalist owners. In response to the failure of the Marxist theory to explain World War One, Lenin invented the imperialistic theory. German workers were able to fight French workers because they betrayed the ideal of the Communist revolution. They did it because they became corrupted by the capitalist owners. The rich people from the great European powers were able to pay their workers better, to offer them pensions, medical treatment or basic education because the major European states exploited the poor countries.
Although, government has had a long history of playing a big role by intervening in national affairs, it should only maintain modern commercial society because they limit the free market, the potential of nation states to grow from commerce. The government is only responsible to maintain and protect its modern commercial society, while religion should have no role in modern commercial society because it hinders the growth of a state by limiting labour potential and discouraging the pursuit of wealth. The maintenance of modern commercial society is significant because it paves the way towards economic prosperity which leads to positive