The decade of the 1960s is remembered as one of the most turbulent times of Americanhistory. The decade, from riots to assassinations, was filled with violent disorder and confusion.Even with opposition and disagreement all over the United States, some movements took apeaceful, nonviolent approach with one of the most well-known and successful being the CivilRights Movement.The African American Civil Rights movement was a nonviolent fight for equal rights forAfrican Americans after years of mistreatment and segregation. The ultimate goal of themovement was to gain the rights of an American citizen. After years of not being offeredservices and refusal of education, the movement surged and African Americans felt they werecapable of making a change
After this incident the African-Americans started a Bus Boycott against the public transportation in Montgomery and they demanded that all passengers were equal. Almost the whole population of African Americans in Montgomery participated in the Boycott and it lasted for 381 days. When Rosa Parks was in jail, Martin Luther King, Jr made his appearance for the first time. He participated in the boycott and succeeded. The District Court banned racial segregation on all the public transportation in Montgomery.
After a federal court order had come down mandating the integration of Alabama’s school system. In the aftermath of the bombing, thousands of angry black protesters gathered at the scene of the bombing. When Governor Wallace sent police and state troopers to break the protests up, violence broke out across the city; a number of protesters were arrested, and two young African American men were killed (one by police) before the National Guard was called in to restore order. King later spoke before 8,000 people at the funeral for three of the girls (the family of the fourth girl held a smaller private service), fueling the public outrage now mounting across the
The Vietnam anti-war movement is arguably the largest and most effective to date. It began with students on university campuses, but soon expanded to include minority groups, like civil rights activists. It divided the country for a time, but united it after certain events during the war. These included the Kent State shootings and war crimes in Vietnam. The protestors of the war had a massive impact on society at the time; they brought different races, genders, and classes all across the country together to protest the government and its choices.
The Civil Rights Movement was the biggest turning point in U.S. history for African Americans. The Civil Rights Movement changed America from the very discriminating and racist country it was into a place where all people of different races were equal. There were also many protests during the Civil Rights Movement. All of them were meant to publicize the amount of racism in the U.S. One of the protests that opened the eye of the public the most was the Children 's Crusade. The Children 's Crusade was a group of college students who gathered outside of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
The consequences of peaceful protesting is, the marchers from Selma to Montgomery, had to go back and march three times. The first march didn 't work out and got sent back to the bridge. The second march was when they were crossing the bridge, the police officers attacked them with stick, teargas, clubs, arrested innocent people, guns were fired, knocked people to the ground, whips, rubber tubing wrapped in barbed wire was a weapon that the police officers whipped at the marchers. The third time they went to march, they won Federal Protection and they successfully marched for their cause. The National Guard helped them on the last march.
During this period of time, African Americans were extremely disadvantaged and oppressed. America was segregated and blacks and whites had a different set of rights under what were called ‘Jim Crow’ laws. Not only was there racial oppression, however, but women were also oppressed and viewed as inferior to men. This started a huge movement of the arts which prompted changes in unjust laws and legislation. The 1960s brought about a great movement of the arts as the oppressed people and the activists spoke out against the unfair laws through their various art forms.
First and foremost, the white crowds who protested violently towards LRN was the first hardship they had to go over. “After three full days inside Central, I know that integration is a much bigger word than I thought.” (GravesJohn, unknown) Melba Pattillo who was one of the LRN students later said. For LRN, entering the school was only beginning of a battle. Overall, the school life for LRN was tough and painful. They experienced not only physical and verbal violence from white students, but also death menace against themselves, families, and other comrades of the black community.
‘Opposition to AA civil rights remained powerful throughout the period from 1865 – 1992’ – How far do you agree? (25 marks) Opposition to African American civil rights came from a multitude of people and different groups. The KKK had an obvious resentment towards African American’s and they made this clear through their actions. However, opposition also came from the government, in the form of JFK, who always spoke about equality but let the south continue with their violence and violent state of mind. Also, in the amendments that had been made, they promised change but in reality change didn’t always occur, and this was due to the people, who didn’t support African American’s.
In February of 1965, organizers within the black belt led a march to the county courthouse in Marion protesting the incarceration of freedom fighter James Orange. Shortly thereafter, state troopers and local policemen from counties around the state of Alabama, met protesters at the post office, cut all street lights off, and began to beat and torture all those involved in the protest that particular night. Jimmie Lee Jackson, the aforementioned martyr, was in a local café next to the jail where both he and his mother and grandfather were being beat by the police. When Jackson intervened by getting in the way of the officer, he was shot twice in the stomach by police officer James Bonard Fowler.  Jackson, as a result of his abdominal