These are the traditions that were mentioned beforehand, that Catholic’s clung dearly to during the Counter Reformation. A few examples of these are the idea of purgatory, prayer to saints and priests in a hierarchy form. None of these conventions or beliefs are proven in the bible and Martin Luther therefore considered them a distraction from the centrality and importance of Christ. (Tarr 45) This is another reason why Lutheranism went to the bible for all answers. This brought about the practice of a decentralized leader for mass services.
By the mid 16th century, the Roman Catholic Church had been ruling most of Europe for a thousand years. European society and politics had been framed around the church and the pope. The church had complete authority in the feudal society and authority over the monarchy. Papal Infallibility, which means that the since the pope was the voice of god, then he was true, was a reason for why the church had not been questioned or had been attacked. Using the church’s powers, the pope was able to control every detail of Europe.
He was then excommunicated and basically banished from the Church. Instead of giving up his beliefs and returning to a corrupted Church, he created his own religion where God’s grace is directly granted to believers and the source of religious authority was the Bible. “The Protestant Reformation was an attempt to recast the Christian faith in terms of the new learning of the 16th century, the enlightenment learning,” a quote stated by John Shelby
The church was becoming more and more corrupt by the day. People were not focused on faith but relied on the “middle man” to reach God; in this case the middleman was the pope and the Catholic Church. Martin Luther disagreed with the corrupt system the church was conducting and was motivated to start a reform. The purpose of the ninety-five theses was not to accuse the pope or the Catholic Church but to question the actions being made. For example Martin Luther raises awareness of the following controversial thought, “Christians are to be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to give of his own money to very many of those from whom certain hawkers of pardons cajole money, even though the church of St. Peter might have to be sold.” Luther is questioning not only the sales of indulgences but also why is the Pope using the money of the believers rather than his own money to build the church of St.Peters.
I firmly believe one must work to create their station in life and buying one's way through life, secular or religious, is unethical and immoral. Luther's theory of imputed justice follows that one's sin is forgiven not by what they do to repent, but because of God's unconditional love. I believe that this serves as a strong foundation for Lutheranism. There are positives and negatives in both theologies, but from my interpretation, I see more negatives with Calvinism. Although Calvin was against corruption and abuse by the church, he believed God determines the fate of each person, and it is God controlling everything that happens.
His teachings of justification has been a question of whether or not to be trusted and if it was worth praising. As a result, he wrote the book of 'Disputation of Martin Luther and the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences”, becoming the principle catalyst for the upcoming Protestant Reformation. Eventually, his revolutionary ideas became known as the Ninety-Five Theses. It was said that he presented his Theses to the Church’s authorities as a way to stop the sell of indulgences. Thus, the church never answered, the Theses spread through Europe pushing Martin’s revolution one step farther than he
He wanted to challenge and question the growing demand of selling indulgences, but he initially had no intentions of starting a revolution that would spread all over Europe. However, when Martin Luther was being rejected by the top authority of the Catholic Church, he began to challenge the Catholic teaching and therefore, he published “95 Theses” to refute them. Martin Luther’s “95 Theses” led to the Protestant Reformation because he believed that the Pope had no authority and that spirituality in regards to sinning and grants for salvation needs to be between an individual and God, and the Catholic Church should not be involved. The initial movement within Germany expanded, and other reform compulsions arose independently after Martin Luther. The spread of Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press gave accessibility for rapid dissemination of religious materials in the vernacular.
This “mission” became obscure in the 20th century, when certain denominations used Protestantism as a vehicle to advance their own goals. For example, with the arise of mass media and the television, a new term was coined to describe the televangelists. These ministers broadcasted themselves and spread their gospel, which seemed brilliant as a way to reach more people. This was not the case, however; infamous pastors such as Robert Tilton claimed that he could heal sinners in a revelational way. He accepted vows of hundreds of dollars, asserting that these “material blessings” were ordered by the New Testament.
The Discipleship of Apostle Paul was to establish the biblical doctrines that administered his ministry and pursued to spread over to the lives of ordinary humans with whatever favors and prayers God may had bestowed one. It is quite convincing that at the core of Paul’s approach was his unwavering obligation to establish and support local churches at far off lands and particularly in the Asian world. Jesus assured to construct the body of his church
Here, they left completely from the other Protestants of their day, particularly Luther and Zwingli. Holiness of Life The Anabaptists also stressed sanctification. They considered the Lutheran and Reformed doctrine of justification by faith alone to be inadequate in that it did not emphasize the reality of regeneration, or new birth. They held that when a person is born again, he receives power to resist sin. He is not forced to live in sin any longer; he does not have to sin every day.