Short Paper: Question 5 Max Weber and Modern Asia Bryan Yenata 1001647 CC 01 Dr. Pang Yang Huei HASS - 02.003: Theorising Society, the Self, and Culture Max Weber argues that capitalism exists due to religion, more specifically Protestantism’s branch, Calvinism. This means that Protestantism is extremely important for the development of capitalism. This can be considered as a unique view as the standard view on capitalism is that it exists due to advancement in technology. This paper is going to talk about Max Weber’s argument of connection between protestantism and capitalism, and how protestantism connects with the current condition of modern Asia. First of all, Weber uses Calvinism to support his argument that Protestantism is
To back up his argument, Weber discusses his observations, which have lead him to make this claim. For example, Weber says that in his experience, richer districts converted to Protestantism. Weber goes one step farther to say that Protestants turn more towards capitalism due to their inherited wealth. Weber also claims that Catholics are more otherworldly and ascetic than Protestants, which therefore makes them indifferent to material gain. In order to discuss capitalism’s intimate ties to religion, Weber quotes Benjamin Franklin because according to Franklin, it is an ethic for an individual to have the “duty” to prosper.
Ultimately, Washington’s Farewell invokes religion as the sole basis of morality, the foundation upon which American governance must lie in order to survive. In his farewell, Washington puts forth the idea that the new American government has been religiously ordained. To abandon religion in America’s nascent stage would betray a higher power and,
The Bible says, “For the love of money is the root of all evil.” However, why would we desire the luxurious lifestyle of the billionaires if we perceive money as “the root of all evil” and believe that “money can’t buy happiness”? To William Hazlitt, the pursuit for money is neither the source of evil nor the corrupter of one’s soul. In his essay “On the Want of Money,” Hazlitt advocates that money is the essential ingredient of a prosperous and comfortable life through parallel structure of “it is,” “or to,” “to be,” depressive tone, and sarcasm towards the end of the passage. Hazlitt portraits a miserable and pathetic life one will experience with “the want of money” through anaphoric repetition of “it is,” “or to,” and “to be.” The parallelism begins with the birth, “to be despised if you come into it,” continues with the youth, “to be scrutinized by strangers , and neglected by friends,” then the marriage, “marry your landlady,” the employment, “go out to the East
Jefferson considered his religion to consist of belief in a single god, an afterlife of reward and punishment and loving one’s neighbor as self. These are the grand tenants of Jeffersonian religion. As for the aforementioned organization of religion, Jefferson was opposed and considered such to be coercive of the rights and freedoms of mankind. Thus, his desire to create a freedom of religious thought without enshrining a mandate or litmus test concerning religious belief in government or as far as rights are protected or acknowledged. Jefferson’s philosophy on religion, as with many other areas, were derived from his thought experiments.
Behind every act of kindness lurks a selfish motivation. The Puritans were a religious sect in 17th century New England who believed in predestination or the belief that God had prior knowledge about each person’s fate in the afterlife. A core ideal of the Puritan religion was the principle of humanity being essentially evil and only doing good for others out of fear for God’s wrath or for selfish benefit. On the other end of the spectrum, is the humanists of the 18th century, many of which were America’s founding fathers. The humanists believed in the good of humanity and the concept of a loving, non-interfering God, a concept called Deism.
Firstly, annihilating the unity of religion in Europe resulted in the division of Christendom into Catholic and Protestant. It weakened the Church and its oppressive clergy, while restoring the pure form of early Christianity. Additionally, the Reformation helped to separate the Church and state. Secondly, empowering monarchs by sacrificing church officials facilitated the movement towards the modern centralized worldly state. Although absolute monarchy was a significant factor of political liberty, Protestantism also contributed to this growth.
This implies that unity within a community is essential for its survival which confronts the Birling’s view of absolute capitalism. Priestley completely demoralizes capitalism by making the audience detest its followers (Mr. and Mrs. Birling); he achieves this by giving Mr. Birling a presumptuous and arrogant character that is made to be despised. The word “members” suggests that everyone is treated fairly and you cannot differentiate between the rich and poor which results in no inequalities in class or gender. Also, it suggests that each member depends on the rest of the community to function; if one part of the “body” does not function properly
Christianity was the main component in Europe that remained the same during 1350 to 1700. Christianity unified Europeans. New technology and intelligence combined with the Europeans steady culture that they already had trading caused Europe to become more developed. With the introduction of increased trade, the merchants crated a new social class because of their importance to the European economy. The Merchants were wealthy middle class.
Analysis of Protestant Reformation Reasons What were the religious, social, economic, political and cultural reasons of the Reformation? To explain why did the Reformation happen, historians usually start with the impact of Martin Luther’s religious ideas and his effect on the society. However Reformation is something which has to be covered from various aspects, for instance, it can be seen as an economic protest against the Church’s eager to fleece its religious folk, or as a political uprising of the German princes to confine the authority of the Church in their country, as it was regarded as a foreigner institution which was based in Rome. The Reformation was also closely related to cultural reasons such as the notion of nationalism. The Renaissance, which was one of the main catalysts of the Reformation rejected the blind obedience and encouraged innovation, focusing on the potential within every human being.
In Interpretation A, Krout states that the power of the evangelical Protestantism was the greatest factor in the temperance movement. While there is validity in this statement as through congregationalism, evangelical Protestantism had a large following and therefore can get a large group of people to support prohibition. However Krout also mentions that an economical factor was often the reason why people became supporters of prohibition. Krout also mentions that the economical factors included increased taxation and reduced production. Around this time big business men like John Rockefeller put large amounts of money into the temperance movement as they felt it would benefit them as they would have more efficient workers.