The most interesting part of Ward’s book was learning about the many influential people throughout the history of America that saw the inequality in the system, and fought hard to change that. The story that was especially intriguing was about Kenneth and Mamie Clark. During Harlem’s response to the civil rights era, the local race relations expert and his wife sought to find more representative and innovative approaches to solve juvenile social control. Their focus was on racial integration in their clinic, the Northside Center for Child Development. It was there that the couple observed the psychological effects that segregation has on black adolescents.
It’s been almost 60 years since our nation was in an uproar due to the varied opinions about the Civil Rights Movement. In the novel Warriors Don’t Cry by Melba Pattillo Beals, nine African American high school students transfer to an all white high school in an attempt to desegregate. We continue to tell these stories decades after the Civil Rights Movement happened. It’s important for us to remember these events in history. We need to keep the memory and the lessons from the civil rights movement alive.
Tyna L. Steptoe’s book, Houston Bound: Culture and Color in a Jim Crow City explores the significance of Wheatley High School, a public secondary school located in the heart of Fifth Ward, Houston, Texas, established in the 1930s to serve black and Creole students during the Jim Crow era. Despite being segregated, the students at Wheatley did not let this hold them down and instead made the best of the situation by getting heavily involved in their school. Wheatley High School gave their black and creole students tools for advancement and helped strengthen their cultural identity and in a historic period in which racial discrimination attempted to curtail their political and economic potential. In this Jim Crow era, the institutions of the city were divided by the racial categories of white and black, which would force everyone into one or the other category, even if they did not necessarily associate themselves with it. Accordingly, racially ambiguous people would either receive the benefits that accompanied the white label or the grim treatment that accompanied the black label.
In the memoir Warriors Don’t Cry, Melba Pattillo Beals details her and the rest of the Little Rock Nines’ struggles against segregationists in their attempt to integrate Central High School. They fought through constant harassment and death threats on their journey to become the first black students to successfully complete a school year at a previously all-white school. The book highlights the effects of racial segregation while emphasizing the importance of perseverance and resilience when facing adversity. One of the major themes of the book is the effects of racial discrimination and segregation. Everything from bathrooms to water fountains were separate and black people were treated as second-class citizens.
In the book “Child of the Civil Rights Movement” by Paula Young Shelton, whose a daughter of a Civil Rights activist, Andrew Young, discusses a child’s perspective on the civil rights movement. Shelton lived in New York till one day her parents seen the broadcast of the freedom rides. Following that, her parents decided to move to the heart of the problem and contribute to the movement personally when she was 4 years old. Shelton’s parents moved them to the deep South were whites had everything and blacks went without. Shelton goes on to describe how her family came to be part of the movement, to personally knowing Martin Luther King JR, and knowing other community leaders.
Unfortunately, still to this day, some schools continue to remain segregated even after all the courageous activists who passionately fought to bring peace amongst all races. Jonathan Kozol, an educator and activist who challenges equal opportunities in schools systems, has written many books based off his experience with children in many inner-city schools. In the article, “Still Separate, Still Unequal,” Kozol displays the ongoing issues of segregation amongst schools who continue to isolate African Americans and whites from going to school together. Although the issue of segregation was addressed back in the 1950s, the division of schools based on ethnicity is beginning to reappear due
I have learned that success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed. Looked at from this standpoint, I almost reach the conclusion that often the Negro boy's birth and connection with an unpopular race is an advantage, so far as real life is concerned. With few
Teachers are an imperative asset during their students’ educational experience. Teachers play several roles, and they serve as support for their students. Individual learning is better enhanced by teachers, and their role as a teacher helps them with learning about different perspectives, strengths, and norms as being exposed to different races (Fram, Miller-Cribbs, Van-Horn 311). This specific quote shows the different areas in which teachers actually impact their students no matter what circumstances they are faced with. African American students may not have received the same education as other races, but the role of the teacher helped them experiencing some form of equality of education.
The circumstances and achievements that took place throughout the 1960s has shaped the world, even in this point in time. The issues faced altered society as a result as well as the accomplishments made in attempt to bring about reformations. The occurrences regarding segregation, conflicts with the Soviet Union and foreign affairs, the fight for civil rights, and more brought us to where we are today. Segregation was an immense component throughout the south of the United States in 1960. For instance, on February 1, 1960 in Greensboro, North Carolina, four students, Ezell Blair Jr., David Richmond, Franklin McCain and Joseph McNeil, who were attending North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, went to Woolworth 's department
Entry 5 “Here are some typical comments by students and observations by fieldworkers. Black sophomore: ‘Tonya Johnson said the white people and the black people were very segregated and formed their own little groups… Courtyard No. 1 is mainly white people and Courtyard No. 2 is mainly black people.’ She said, ‘Black people don’t think they are too good to hang out with white people.’ She said she doesn’t understand why there is so much segregation because ‘everyone should be treated the same.’”
I believed that Whites and Blacks were equal however there were no African Americans in my grade school classes from K through ninth grade. There is truth to the assertion that parents’, relatives’ and friends’ negative reactions to people of minority races do send mixed messages to children (Sue & Sue, 2014). I recall that occasionally my father would make negative comments regarding an individual’s ethnicity which demonstrated to me that people could be judged by others based on their ethnic
This group consisted of nine African American teenagers who strived to integrate an all white public school in an extremely racist area in the South. In order to achieve this, the nine had to face both verbal and physical harassment. “No matter what, I knew I had to stand up to them even if I got kicked out of school for doing it.” The students knew what they were doing was important, but also that they needed to keep safe in order to achieve the set goal. The dedication to school was seen in the most extreme sense when they were being bullied.
“Seeing with the eyes of another, listening with the ears of another, feeling with a heart of another.” In which was said by Alfred Adler, demonstrates a great theme that was displayed in both To Kill A Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, and real life. The theme is to always consider someone else's position by walking in their shoes before you claim to know a person. For many years, people have taken action into assuming that everything heard is true, without considering the person's current position, emotional state, or their outlook on life, this action has caused many dilemmas. As Harper Lee portrayed throughout the book, you must walk in someone else's shoes before you truly know them.
(Stockett, 218). This comment is in response to something Aibileen said about colored people and white people going to the same school and using the same facilities. Miss Hilly's attitude about integration and change in her community is not a positive
Civil Rights in Education During the Civil Rights Movement, segregation affected African Americans the most. Segregation in school during this time was something that truly changes schools in the South. Schools shouldn’t have race restrictions.