Diseases or illnesses affecting the lungs cause the flow of air and blood into and out of your lungs to become impaired. Obstruction in the airflow impairs the lower airways from clearing out mucus which in turn creates an ideal environment for infection. Inflammation in the airways occurs and makes matters worse for the lungs. Inflammation with COPD damages the system responsible for the clearing of mucus in the airways. The risk of developing pneumonia for those with COPD is greater due to already weakened lungs and the inability to filter bacteria and viruses.
Asthma is diagnosed with a history, physical exam, laboratory findings, and pulmonary function studies. The strongest risk factor for developing asthma is a genetic predisposition to immunoglobulin E-mediated response to common allergens. Damage to bronchial epithelium and airway inflammation contributes to the pathogenesis. T2 helper cells respond to allergens by stimulating B cells to differentiate into immunoglobulin E producing plasma cells. T2 helper cells also stimulate growth factors for mast cells and activate eosinophils.
Due to the malfunction in the glands that produce mucus, the lungs tend to accumulate thick mucus that eventually leads to infection, difficulty breathing and in severe cases a lung transplant or respiratory failure. This disease also effects the
Abstract Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections, and complicates a person’s ability to breathe. People with Cystic fibrosis have troubles to breathe because a broken gene causes a thick, growth of mucus in the lungs, pancreas and other organs. The mucus blocks the air passage to the lungs, and traps bacteria leading to infections, considerable lung harm, and sooner or later, respiratory failure. In the pancreas, this mucus blocks the deliverance of digestive enzymes that allow the body to break down food and absorb vital nutrients. People with this disease used to have a life expectancy of 6 months back in 1938, but now with the advances of technology and medical treatments, life expectancy is approximately 35
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) has been found to be a contributing factor associated with pulmonary fibrosis. GERD is a digestive disorder where the stomach 's acid backs up into the esophagus. Prolonged or left untreated, the introduction of the stomach acid into the respiratory system can produce eventual scarring that may lead to pulmonary fibrosis. Genetics 4. Research evidence indicates that development of pulmonary fibrosis can be linked to genetics.
Crohn 's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease which means it can take place anywhere from the mouth to the anus(GI tract). The most common areas is the ileum and the colon. Crohn 's disease appears when regular bacteria that helps with breakdown of food is misunderstood for something trying to harm the body. Then the antibodies create inflammation in that specific area. Which precedes as a chronic disease that deals with not only inflammation but ulcers created in the tissue.
Nosocomial pneumonia is a nosocomial bacterial infection that is mostly seen in surgical intensive care units (ICUs). It develops fever and leukocytosis in the patients infected (cdc.gov). Primary inhalation pneumonia develops when the organisms bypass the respiratory defense mechanisms. Nosocomial pneumonia shows up in patients
At times the spleen traps many cells that should be in the bloodstream and it grows large. This causes anemia. Pneumonia is the most common cause of death in young children. When the sickled cells get trapped in the lungs acute chest syndrome begins to occur. Stroke and eye problems also occur with sickle cell.
The Plagues and Vector-Borne Diseases that Should be Considered Plagues Plague. What is it? In Layman terms, it is basically the transmission of potential life threatening bacteria from the environment to human beings. Plague infected organisms are highly contagious and the chances of surviving from plague are also slim as often there is either lack of proper medical attention or not having a cure for the particular plague . Recently there have been various strains of bacteria that have acted as plague bacterium as they have similar characteristics as the original plague had.
Introduction: Chronic periodontitis (CP), the commonest type of periodontal disease, it is an infectious disease resulting in inflammation within of the tissues supporting the teeth, progressive loss of attachment and bone loss. It is closely related to several systemic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The link between periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be due to infection and inflammation. The periodontal inflammatory state may increases the chronic inflammation present in CKD, thus decreasing renal function. Periodontal therapy may reduce inflammation and improves endothelial function.