The bacteria can then proliferate in the wound and spread into the surround skin – this causes the cardinal signs of inflammation – warmth (calor), redness (rubor), pain (dolor), and swelling (tumor). Sometimes, aggressive strains of bacteria such as methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infect skin tissue – this often results in the formation of boils or abscesses. These are pockets in the skin and soft tissue that contain pus, dead tissue, and bacteria. Occasionally, bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens or Pseudomonas will be responsible for skin and soft tissue infection – especially in frequently hospitalized patients and those with diabetes mellitus. Severe cases of cellulitis can be associated with gas gangrene and tissue necrosis – death of skin tissue.
P.aeruginosa can presents in small numbers in gut and skin as normal flora, but it can cause different types of infection wither in humans, animals ,or plants. It is primarily nosocomial pathogen and opportunistic bacteria, especially in immunocompromised patients.
An allergy occurs when the immune system of a person reacts to an unknown substance in the environment that are harmless for most people. These substances are known as allergens and can be found in insects, foods, pollen, dust mites, moulds, pets and some medicines. Atopy is the genetic, inherited, tendency to develop allergic diseases. When these atopic people are exposed to certain allergens there immune system can develop a negative reaction that leads to inflammation, redness and swelling; in other words, an allergic reaction. What is Anaphylaxis?
In infants can occur apnea, pause in the rhythm of his breath. Coughing can cause the patients to vomit and to lose consciousness, abundant vomiting can also cause dehydration (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.) When adults get B. pertussis infection, it is not as severe as when children get it (Konkel.) Pertussis, even if it is treated well, sometimes there can be serious consequences, for example, pneumonia sometimes appears or bleeding from the nose and mouth, due to coughing. In infants, asphyxia is very common, therefore, it is recommendable for infants under a year old need to be hospitalized in order to have an especial treatment (Centers for Disease Control and
The skin around the sores becomes dry and flakey and sometimes even becomes ulcerated like the skin was eaten away (Carson-Dewitt). Along with the signs, the symptom of itchiness almost always appears. The itchiness contributes to the spreading because the patient will feel the urge to scratch the sore, and when the bacteria get under the nails it spreads to whatever else the patient touches. A patient can also develop a fever, pain, and swelling if the infection spreads and worsens ( Scholten). If the Impetigo is left untreated it has the potential to worsen and develop into: ecthyma, black scabs around ulcers; glomerulonephritis, a kidney disease; osteomyelitis, a bone infection;sepsis, a systemic infection; scarlet fever; streptococcal disease or pneumonia (Carson De-Witt, Scholten).
Pneumonia is the swelling of the tissue in one or both lungs, usually brought on by a bacterial infection, but can be as a complication of viral infections which make the body weak and more susceptible to a secondary infection. The tiny air sacs (alveoli) become inflamed and fill up with fluid making it difficult to breath. Due to the fluid build up the symptoms are a cough, but you may also have a rapid heartbeat and fever, sweats and loss of appetite as your body fights the infection. You can also experience chest pain. Croup is a a condition that is commonly found in children.
Ok, I will give the name it is most commonly associated with, flesh eating bacteria syndrome. This name is, in fact, an inappropriate name for the infection, since the bacteria does not actually “eat” the tissue, it destroys it by releasing toxins. The bacterias that most commonly causes this disease are group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes), Staphylococcus aureus, and Clostridium perfringens. These bacterias come in through the skin and infect surrounding tissue. People who are immunocompromised, such as cancer and diabetes sufferers, have greater risks of getting flesh eating bacteria.
New antibiotics and treatments are developed each day, however most are not effective. With this extensive challenge in mind, the tactics physicians previously used to fight bacterial infections off have been altered. The article, "Doctors Enlisted to Turn the Tide on Antibiotic Resistance", describes the new tactic. It reads, " The goal of this tactic, called antimicrobial stewardship, is to curb antibiotic resistance by speeding diagnosis, getting the most appropriate drug to each patient, limiting intravenous drug delivery
There are many ways for someone to get the scarlet fever. The Scarlet fever is caused by group A streptococcus, which are bacteria that can live in your mouth and nasal passages. The infection may be spread through contact with droplets from an infected person’s sneeze or cough. This means that your child can contract scarlet fever if they touch their mouth, nose, or eyes after touching something that has droplets from an infected person on it. They may also get scarlet fever if you drink from the same glass or eat from the same plate as an infected person.
A person with toxic shock syndrome may have peeling or rashes on the skin. Organ dysfunction, fast breathing, headache, insufficient urine production, mental confusion, or sore throat is common to people with toxic shock syndrome. A high fever, low blood pressure, vomiting, and rash are some symptoms that require a medical