Bacillus subtilis is a gram-positive rod-shaped bacteria that is often found in the soil and on various plant materials (Sietske de Boer and Diderichsen 1991). B. subtilis bacteria are seen as being non-pathogenic and safe toward human consumption, however, often times the bacteria are associated with another strain of microorganisms that have the ability to infect humans who have been exposed to immunosuppressive drugs (Sietske de Boer and Diderichsen 1991). Furthermore, B. subtilis has been found in some samples of illegal narcotics, particularly heroin. This is due to the fact that bacilli release spores that then contaminate the narcotics during production. However, drug abusers and individuals who suffer from weakened immune systems make up a small percentage of the population, which is why B. subtilis is seen as a non-pathogenic bacteria.
If the Impetigo is left untreated it has the potential to worsen and develop into: ecthyma, black scabs around ulcers; glomerulonephritis, a kidney disease; osteomyelitis, a bone infection;sepsis, a systemic infection; scarlet fever; streptococcal disease or pneumonia (Carson De-Witt, Scholten). The long list of complications is part of the reason antibiotics are often used to treat the bacterial infection known as Impetigo instead of letting it clear up on its
A common side effect of these medications is a mouth infection referred to as thrush (National Institues of Health, 2014). Another long-term control medication is Leukotriene modifiers. These medications are taken by mouth. They block leukotrienes in the body. When leukotrienes release, they cause airway constriction, swelling and inflammation of the lungs, and increased mucus production.
PROGNOSIS The outlook for mild cases is excellent. However, chronic infection of the lungs and infections in other areas of the body can be serious or even life-threatening. This is especially true in people with weakened immune systems or meningitis. PREVENTION Fungal spores cannot be killed by disinfectant. They cannot be removed from the environment.
Phytoremediation is the use of plants to remove, contain or render harmless, contaminants from soil or water, is a proven technique for remediating heavy metals and soils contaminated with chlorinated solvents. Phytoremediation is environmentally friendly and is a cheaper method and requires low maintenance. Phytoextraction is a subcategory of phytoremediation, in which plants take contaminants into their roots from the soil, and then translocate them into above ground plant tissues for storage. Plants are then harvested, composted to reduce biomass and concentrate the contaminants, and finally incinerated or placed in a secure hazardous waste site. Dieldrin is a organochlorine pesticide so that was taken into consideration when finding the right plant to use.
Mold Symptoms Symptoms of those affected by black mold are similar to symptoms of the common cold and flu. They may include, but are not limited to coughing, sneezing, a sore throat, itchy or scratchy eyes, hives, rashes, lethargy, and depression. If any of these symptoms become present in someone who may be in contact with toxic black mold, a physician should be consulted immediately as serious health effects can occur with frequent exposure to toxic mold. Black Mold Health Effects Black mold can cause many terrible health effects for those who have experienced prolonged exposure. These health effects may include: Chronic sinus infections, complications with asthma, cancer, miscarriage in pregnant women, depression/dementia, frequent nosebleeds, open sores, spleen pain, unexplained fevers, and muscle pain.
One might experience respiratory signs and symptoms caused by the blocking of air passages and lungs with thick mucus such as repeated lung infections (pneumonia or bronchitis), wheezing or shortness of breath. One might also experience digestive signs and symptoms such as those mentioned in the CRTF.INFO.’s website informational article, gastrointestinal tract problems such as congenital Meconium ileus and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome, are caused by the decrease in chlorine and water secretion into the gut. These problems can play a factor in Cystic Fibrosis patient inability to absorb the vital nutrients they need. Also included is the buildup of digestive enzymes and digestion of its own tissues in the pancreas created by the thickening of exocrine secretions that block the pancreatic ducts intestinal blockage which results in bowel movement problems like diarrhea, gas, and abdominal pain. Not only can Cystic Fibrosis affect the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract but also the liver’s secretions.
Choose five pathological conditions of the skin or Integumentary system. Describe each condition including symptoms; and cite treatment for each condition. Pemphigus is an unusual disorder characterized by sores in the mouth and on the skin. These blisters are painful and exude fluids with an unpleasant smell. Treatment often begins with medications aimed at reducing the severity of symptoms and prevent complications or infections.
They also provide respiratory therapy to patients. Pneumonia is a lung condition in which the lungs are inflamed and it is caused by bacterial or viral infections. In the Figure, it is shown that the air sacs are filled with mucus and they eventually become solid. An individual that undergoes Pneumonia has symptoms that are quite serious and life-threatening. Coughing can be serious as it produces mucus also called sputum from the lungs, shallow breathing can occur, rapid chest pain, and potentially nausea and vomiting.
A rash for dermatomyositis can be a violet-colored or dusty red rash that appears most commonly on a person’s face or eyelids, but it can also be found around a person’s nails, knuckles, elbows, back, chest and knees. Most of the time the first visual sign of dermatomyositis is a patchy bluish-purplish rash. Another sign of dermatomyositis is the progressive weakening of the muscles closest to the trunk of the body, such as: the hips, thighs, shoulders, upper arms, and neck. Over time this pain will gradually worsen, so the weakness will affect both the right and left sides of the