Structuralism is the study of the parts and elements that make up the mind while; the key difference between structuralisms and functionalism was in the fundamentally different questions that they asked. Structuralisms asked, what are the elementary contents, the structures, of the human mind? Functional psychology was concerned with mind in use, what the mind does for us. Nevertheless; functionalists asked – what do people do; and also why do they do it? Just as the structuralisms were concerned with the structure of mental life, the functionalisms were concerned with the functions of mental processes and structures.
However, emotions can be dependent on both the cognitive and biological factors of our body. Cognition is defined as the mental processes of obtaining and processing knowledge through experiences and information gained from our surroundings whereas biology is the study of the internal and physiological mechanisms of behavior of living organisms. There is a set of theories of emotion psychologists came up with in order to explain how the two factors interact in emotion. For example, Darwin’s evolutionary theory, the James-Lange theory, the Cannon-Bard theory, Le Doux’s theory, Schachter and Singer’s theory, and Lazarus’ theory. In order to determine to what extent cognitive and biological factors influence emotion, the theories that supports both
Positivism can be understood as the idea that the methods of the natural sciences should be used to study human and social matters. In this essay I will be explaining how positivism gave substance to the idea whilst paying particular attention to the role of induction and deduction. Positivism has had some influence in Education and the essay will attempt to outline and critically discuss some of these influences. The knowledge that we acquire is from observations with the aid of our senses. This is how we interact with the world by being in and partaking in it.
The universe is so big, continues research is being undergone in order to uncover more about it: the galaxy, the space, other planets, stars, the black hole, and the most famous one: if another form of life exist. In other word, the aliens. The search of life in another planet has been going on for years, it is the most controversial and interesting subject today. It garners people interest, especially with the development of many institutes regarding the controversial aliens, such as: the UFO Institute and many other institutes focusing on this
It began as an element forming the ancient societies, it was indistinguishable from what is known as 'mythology ' in the present day and consisted of regular rituals based on a belief in higher supernatural entities who created and continued to maintain the world and surrounding cosmos. To this very day people are confronted with many philosophical questions regarding this belief and practice. It is a confrontation between the ones who believe and the ones who do not. As rational animals, humans are seeking meaning beings and always question everything. This process of seeking is what enables us to discover numerous scientific facts, laws, and theories as well as religions.
Functionalism will relate to my field because I intend to work in mental health for social work. In my field, I will need to know why certain people behave the way they do in order to help them as well as understand their mental disorders and the processes that come with them. I will have to use the concept of functionalism to help the patients and people I work with to decide the best way to approach each person to their individual
This also helps the client to view the external factors rather than attributing the situations to the internal factors. Thus, helping them view their psychological problems or distress which resulted from a particular “traumatic” event that they experienced rather than those inherent defects and most especially to develop a sense of self, confidence and dignity. V. Implication The case study that was presented can also be related to the vulnerability-stress model, disease model of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders and biological models such as regarding about the roles of biological factors (internal) versus the adaptable and learned vulnerability factors (external) in understanding the disorder. Furthermore, there are indeed multiple causes which can contribute to the origin of schizophrenia (biological and psychological) where social-cognitive researchers have expanded in terms of personality factors, interpersonal strategies and cognitive vulnerabilities. These social-cognitive factors represent adapted and learned inclinations rather than the person’s biological traits.
Physiological aspects is emphasise on human behaviors related to brain and nervous system that connected with endocrine system. Genetic aspect is relying on the transmission of traits from parents through genes and and dictate the characteristic of individuals. Wenjuan Lin and Nan Sui (2003) stated that biopsychology is the study related mind and behaviour. Importantly, behavioural and psychology studies is included the brain, nervous system, endocrine responses and genetic that affect general health and increase diseases. Usually, bio psychologists will study on physiological aspects and genetic aspects to define, clarify, forecast and alter behaviour to solves unwanted issues such as smoking, loss appetite and many more.
Many of them are moving to the urban areas for a better life and are even getting educated to improve their lives. We can observe that many posts have been reserved for the tribal community for their upliftment. Mostly the Oraon tribe has improved their life style to a great extent in comparison to the Gond and Kanwar tribes. We can say that the most advanced tribe at present is the Oraon tribe, they have learned to improve their skills and used them to achieve a better and more promising life. But still the tribes stick to their culture and they have not forgotten from where they are coming and where they belonged.
INTRODUCTION Cognitive psychology is the scientific study of mind and mental function which includes the internal study of a human brain that includes attention, learning, language, perception, memory, conceptual development, reasoning and decision making. It focuses on the way people process information. And focuses at how people process information they receive and how the treatment of that information leads to their responses. In other words, cognitive psychology is interested in what is happening within our minds that links stimulus (input) and response (output). They urge to know that how do they receive information about the world outside.