In contrast to the above statements, in sonnet 147, towards the end of it, Shakespeare starts to feel resentment and rage about his experience with this woman he loved. He most likely felt betrayed and disgusted with what was going on with his relationship. Shakespeare conveys to his readers the anger he feels towards his mistress, “For I have sworn thee fair and thought thee bright / Who art as black as hell, as dark as night” (13-14). Shakespeare is saying that in the beginning of the relationship he thought of his love as being beautiful and radiant, now he feels like this person 's soul is black and gloomy like the night. In disparity to Shakespeare’s feelings of his lover, Beyoncé expresses that she still loves her husband.
This means that the society’s expectations confirm the behavioural, psychological and physical qualities that are related to the particular gender. Moreover, gender identity is a persons sense of self-identification as a female, male, both, neither or somewhere in between. On the other hand, sexuality influences gender but it focuses on a persons sexual orientation/preferences and their capacity for sexual feelings. How a person identifies their gender may be very arguable in many scientific fields, including psychology. This is because researchers have different point of views, regarding how much of gender is due to biological and evolutionary factors (nature), or, they claim, that it might be the result of the person’s culture and their socialisation (nurture).
Closely related to the idea of gender is the idea of masculinity and femininity. Masculinities can be defined as innate qualities that differ a male from a female however, it translates into culture in the form of specific roles and performances which men have to perform or it is imposed on them (Cornwall, 2010). In abstract terms, masculinity can be understood as something which boys and men do and on the similar lines femininity can also be understood i.e. what women and girls do, more so what women and girls learn to do (Paechter, 2006 and Wesely, 2012). These roles may assign a higher status to men in the power hierarchy irrespective of the fact whether they feel powerful or not.
Totemism, which is a much rarer phenomenon than incest taboo, might then well be the joint product of the incest drive and repression process and of some other less compelling factor. Nonsexual ta-boo, on the other hand, which rears itself in so many protean forms over the whole field of culture, might be due to a set of still different but analogous psychic factors. Anthropologists and sociologists have certainly long been groping for something underlying which would help them explain both the repetitions and the variations in culture, provided the explanation were evidential, extensible by further analysis, and neither too simplistic nor too one-sided. Put in some such form as this, Freud's hypothesis might long before this have proved fertile
The Downfall of Dick Diver In many people, strength can become a weakness. In F. Scott Fitzgerald 's Tender Is the Night, Dick Diver is a young psychiatrist heading towards success with a loving wife and two children. This all changes when he encounters unexpected setbacks that change his perfect world. In Tender Is the Night, Fitzgerald has many internal and external forces work together in Dick Diver’s downfall. Dick’s personality flaws, newfound recklessness, and complicated marriage contribute to his destruction in the novel.
Apathetic Demeanors Many people in today’s society view psychopaths and sociopaths as ruthless serial killers who are menaces to the peace of society. Albert Camus’s novella, The Stranger, provides another look at a psychopathic and sociopathic characteristics in a person. Meursault, the protagonist in Camus’s novella, exhibits psychopathic and sociopathic tendencies; although Meursault displays both, he is more closely aligned with a sociopath which eventually leads to his execution. Meursault’s psychopathic outbursts and feelings cause him to take radical action against an innocent man and expose feelings about his mother which eventually leads to Meursault’s trial. An article titled “Psychopath vs. Sociopath: What 's the Difference”, written by Natasha Tracy, draws the line between psychopaths’ and sociopaths’ traits.
Social Cognitive Theory expands the range of treatment targets beyond patriarchal socialization to include additional factors associated with sexual coercion in empirical research including the influence of social norms, and a lack of confidence in one’s abilities and skills (Wolfe et al., 2012;Eckhardt et al., 2013). Such theories include the Health Belief Model, Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behaviour, Social Cognitive Theory, and the Transtheoretical Model. While many of these theories are similar but may use different terminology, the key elements of each include education and skill building and perceived behavioural control self-efficacy (Noar & Zimmerman, 2005). Interventions based on Social Cognitive Theory aim to reduce
However, recently, several studies and researches are trying to argue the opposite, namely, that high self-esteem is instead cause of violent behaviour. According to this theory, a narcissistic individual, can become violent at the moment in which his point of view is countered or not accepted. The
The initial reaction to the boys is not very promising. The author describes the boys as looking like “…fugitives…” (van Wyk, 1995) and even turns away from them in order to avoid them. The author creates an ominous feeling about these two boys by introducing them directly after a humorous anecdote and sharply contrasting them to the group of lively gentlemen that the narrator feels comfortable speaking with. Eventually, he is left alone with the boys who openly discuss their gang affiliations and the murder they are planning to commit. This initial encounter leads the audience to believe that the boys present some type of danger to the narrator, especially because they are from a reformatory.