Psychiatric Hospital Case Study

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Towards Healing Environment for the Inpatient Unit in Psychiatric Hospital Dr. Mustafa Galal Ramadan Associate Professor, Architecture department, Misr High Institute of Engineering & Technology, Mansoura, Egypt College of Architectural Engineering & digital design, Dar Al Uloom University, Riyadh, KSA Abstract: The internal environment of the psychiatric hospitals design is considered one of the most complex types of design processes that the architect deals with and the most difficult. The difficulties of the design stems from number of factors, such as the steady expansion of the technology of psychiatry, and development in the field of psychotherapy over the years, which in turn is reflected on the building's design and increasing the…show more content…
The design of mental health facilities affects how services are provided and the efficiency with which care is delivered. Facility design impacts the beliefs, expectations, and perceptions patients have about themselves, the staff who care for them, the services they receive. Moreover, facility design can also have a significant impact on the beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors of staff and on how staff identify and interact with patients and the environment. Over the past five to ten years, the field of mental hospital architecture has developed a wealth of expertise and understanding of the benefits that a good environment has a positive effect on the healing process of patients and the wellbeing of staff. This is inherently related with many considerations (functional, environmental, social, aesthetical, psychological and technological) especially within the interior environment. It is acknowledged that the choice of internal design, materials, and colors can have a significant effect on the quality of the environment. The internal surface materials such as wall finishes, ceiling and floor coverings have their impact on the internal quality of the building. The aim of this article is to examine and to understand the nature of interior spaces in acute…show more content…
The technical requirements to operate the building should be integrated in a manner to support this concept. Patient privacy should be maintained without compromising the operational realities of close observation, safety, and security [Design guide,2010]. 3.5. Reducing Patient and Staff Stress Design can be as an open layout with attractive views of the exterior, with no unnecessary barriers between staff and patient. Using natural light in staff/patient areas, taking into account the noise control. Also using of natural materials, a soothing color palette and residential character in the interior design of the facility will be so effective. Provide attractive, secure outdoor spaces and healing gardens directly off the unit [Design guide,2010]. 3.6. Patient Safety A key architectural objective should be to reduce emphasis on the institutional aspects of care and to surround the patient with furniture, furnishings, and fixtures that are appropriate from a safety standpoint but are more residential in appearance. Proper planning and design should appeal to the spirit and sensibilities of both patients and care providers [Design

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