Survival tactics are one of the fine threads when Toni Morrison weaves the novel The Bluest Eye. Through Pocola Breedlove, the protagonist delineates how the little girl succumbs to the concept of assimilation to escape the fury of oppression. Relaxing her own individuality as Pecola started assimilating the white beauty ideals and failing to assimilate her black culture. Her longing for the blue eyes and the ideal of white beauty drives the mantra of the black people to the back seat that “Black is Beautiful”. The Bluest Eye is Morrison’s first novel published in 1970.
It revolves around the life of Celie, a woman living is rural Georgia who is repeated raped by her step father and has her children taken away from her. It deals with male domination, brutality and black women’s struggle for independence and identity. It shows how black women are oppressed into powerlessness and celebrates the resilience of the indomitable female spirit. Alice Walker once said in an interview, “I am preoccupied with spiritual survival, the survival of whole of my people. But beyond that, I am committed to exploring the oppressions, the insanities, the loyalties and the triumphs of black women.” ‘The Color Purple’ seems to have emerged out of this
Introduction The book: Black Macho And The Myth Of The Superwoman was written by Michele Wallace in 1979. Wallace (1979) posits that Black women were excluded from the rhetoric of The Civil Rights Movement and rejected by Black men for their perceived benefits during slavery. The writer details her experiences growing up in Harlem, New York as a Black middle-class woman, and how they motivated her to become a Black feminist and advocate for civil rights. She condemns Black men and The Civil Rights Movement for validating the White man’s imposed image of masculinity. At the same time, she debunks the stereotype of the incredibly resilient Black woman that Black women quietly accept.
Afro-American women writers present how racism permeates the innermost recesses of the mind and heart of the blacks and affects even the most intimate human relationships. While depicting the corrosive impact of racism from social as well as psychological perspectives, they highlight the human cost black people have to pay in terms of their personal relationships, particularly the one between mother and daughter. Women novelists’ treatment of motherhood brings out black mothers’ pressures and challenges for survival and also reveals their different strategies and mechanisms to deal with these challenges. Along with this, the challenges black mothers have to face in dealing with their adolescent daughters, who suffer due to racism and are heavily influenced by the dominant value system, are also underlined by these writers. They portray how a black mother teaches her daughter to negotiate the hostile, wider world, and prepares her to face the problems and challenges boldly and confidently.
Toni Morrison, the first black women Nobel Prize winner, in her first novel, The Bluest Eye depicts the tragic condition of the blacks in racist America. It examines how the ideologies perpetuated by the dominant groups and adopted by the marginal groups influence the identity of the black women. Through the depictions of white beauty icons, Morrison’s black characters lose themselves to self-hatred. They try to obliterate their heritage, and eventually like Pecola Breedlove, the child protagonist, who yearns for blue eyes, has no recourse except madness. This assignment focusses on double consciousness and its devastating effects on Pecola.
The aim of the chapter will be to examine the two characters’ different conception of motherhood and to identify analogies and differences in their performance of the maternal role. 3.1 Motherhood as Freedom to Love: Toni Morrison’s Beloved (1987) In Beloved (1987), Toni Morrison represents the destructive force of maternal love through Sethe, an enslaved mother of four who commits infanticide to prevent her children from becoming themselves victims of the slave system. Her violent act prevents her former slave owners, referred to as ‘schoolteacher’, from taking her family
Because Frado is of mixed race, she experiences an even worse sort of degradation than she would have if both of her parents had been black, a situation which leads to her position as a societal outcast. For example, Mrs. Bellmont’s hatred for Frado and the strength of her cruelty progressively increase throughout the story in part because Frado “was not many shades darker than Mary now,” suggesting that Mrs. Bellmont fears the power that black people could gain if they were treated as equals to whites in the North (Wilson 39). For example, Mrs. Bellmont forbids Frado from sheltering her skin from the sun in an attempt to make Frado darker. She fears that her peers will notice that Frado is not much darker than Mary: “what a calamity it would be to ever hear that contrast spoken of.... Mrs. Bellmont was determined the sun should have full power to darken the shade which nature had first bestowed on her as best fitting” (Wilson 39). Although Mrs. Bellmont has already alienated Frado as a result of her skin color, she attempts to further remove Frado by attempting to expel Frado from the liminal space she occupies as a mulatto by making her darker skinned.
Born Thomas Williams, Tennessee Williams wrote the Pulitzer prize winning play, “A Streetcar Named Desire” in which he was able to portray social realism in New Orleans through a woman who desires to be young again. Unable to accept her true fate, Blanche Dubois set the main theme in, “A Streetcar Named Desire”. Constantly lying about her age, forcing her sexuality, and her inability to overcome reality are all attempts to make herself appear more desirable to young men. Ultimately, Blanche does these things because she believes that the opposite of death is desire and that is how she will stay alive. Almost demanding to be desirable, she ultimately created her own spiritual death.
Freud says” In order to deal with problems and conflict in life ,the ego consumes a variety of different defense mechanisms. These defense mechanisms work at an unconscious level and make good things feel better for the person. A few examples of defense mechanisms are Repression which is burying something like a horrible feeling from your awareness this can sometimes be considered as a basis of other defense mechanisms, Denial is another defense mechanism which would be not accepting reality because it is too painful to come to terms with it and a final example would be Regression this would be like regressing back to an earlier age in life, a less mature way of dealing with certain feelings or
Most of all, Sethe is a mother. During her escape from Sweet Home, motherliness is accentuated as the toughest propeller. The most apparent question of a reader is that why a mother should kill her infant and whether this act can be made clear and be justified, by the ruthless structure of slavery. Many articles served the main topic of Sethe’s role as a affectionate mother in Beloved. Liz Lewis, for example in Moral ambiguity in Toni Morrison’s Beloved and Jazz, argues that, “Beloved reflects how in such a society allowing oneself to love is dangerous practice doomed to heartache.” (2) The slaves somehow did not have the ability to love anyone.