Psychoanalysis And Feltham's Models Of Counselling

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Introduction: Through studies of various Models of Counselling, therapists are able to gain knowledge on how to determine client growth and where and when certain therapies are applicable. Through investigation of theoretical aspects of talking therapies Feltham has explained how therapists are able to not only treat a patient according to known counselling models but are also able to explore avenues that that have not previously been explored. This summary will provide an abridged view of the chapter: Models of Counselling by Feltham. Psychoanalysis and its variants: ● Sigmund Freud, who is considered to be the father of the talking cure and Psychoanalysis, incursions with neurosis treatment, exploration of catharsis and hypnosis, introduced society to the interpretation of unconscious matter, free association and self-analysis (Feltham, 1995). ● Psychoanalysis focuses predominantly on the role of the unconscious, which corresponds with what Feltham (1995) states, determining behaviour and personality, furthermore Psychoanalysis investigates the 3 structures namely the id, ego and superego and the conflict between said structures. ● In the words of Feltham (1995) there is evidence of the unconscious as noted through the occurrences of Freudian slips, dreams and psychological problems. ● The client, who holds all the answers, is said to go through a “social and sensory deprivation” (Feltham, 1995, p. 79) during a treatment session as the therapist remains

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