Psychoanalysis In Flaubert's Madame Bovary

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INTRODUCTION Psychoanalysis, a particular method of medical treatment of mental illness was developed by Sigmund Freud. He derived this method from his clinical observations as well as his theoretical speculations regarding poetic and artistic creation and religion. Psychoanalysis gradually became known as the science of unconscious mental processes, and the usefulness of its theories became valuable for the understanding of the metal behavior in health as well as diseases. As a physician who specialized in treating the mentally ill, Freud developed a comprehensive theory concerning the psychological structure and functioning of the human mind. Freud’s most fertile years were those between 1895 and 1900. In the latter years, he published what…show more content…
The action of the novel starts with Emma’s boredom of her ordinary life with her husband. Charles Bovary does not seem to excite her anymore, leaving Emma depressed with life. Emma, a person solely of fancy and adventure, imagines her love life full of intense passion and adventure but reality is far from expectation. Because of the presence of the vacuum in her life, she becomes attracted to other men whom she meets along the way within a limited period of time she begins to live her life of adultery, fearing in her heart of being found out by her husband. Charles, although weak and unambitious and lacking the gallant prince image of Emma’s imagination, does not lack pure love for his beautiful wife. His love for her is beyond a husband-wife relationship. In other words, he simply adores her and her inexhaustible beauty. Moreover, the irony is that she fails to see it. He trusts her so much, foolishly believes her lies that he fails to see through her…show more content…
She wanted someone to admire, to praise and to pet her, when Charles absentmindedly failed to do that anymore, she conveniently accepts other men. But the question arises: what was the ‘reason’ that led her to make these illicit moves, in spite of the fear in herself and that of deceiving her husband. In order to have a closer look at Emma’s behavior, one is tempted to view it through a psychological perspective. Freud’s psychoanalytical theories of human illness points out the working of the human mind especially related to the development of the mind and the inner consciousness. He deals with the questions concerning the inner self and of its psychological aspects. Freud details out each aspect of the inner conflicts and mental illness on both spiritual and holistic levels. The investigator’s intention is to make an analytical study of Flaubert’s Madame Bovary, the character Emma, her motivation behind every action, and to bring out the psychological problems she faced: The study deals with the basic concepts of psychoanalysis, gives a detailed picture of the initial growth and development of Emma to her later stages in life, parental love, their disposition towards Emma, way of life and thought – concepts, her marriages towards Charles, and her adulterous relation with Rudolphe Boulanger and Leon Dupuis and finally,
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