A top reason for this choice is that it is the fundamental theory which has given rise to more complex ideas that were developed as social scientists expanded and further evaluated the different aspects of Freud’s theory. The psychoanalytic theory proposed by Freud describes that human personality develops through incremental stages. Each stage is described as a conflict where the personality is developed through the interaction of the ego, the superego and the id. Freud described that the parts of the personality fight on an unconscious level to achieve a set of results, that we then described as personality. Another ideal that I liked is the concept of psychosexual stages, that are termed as development.
Psychological conditioning is one of the most controlling studies of science. It is the theory that most learning revolves around programmed reactions to certain stimuli. An incentive for a certain action, for example, will encourage continuation of that same action even when the incentive is eventually gone. Being able to perfect this science would prove that the human mind can be solved and manipulated. One of the most popular pieces in literature giving a position on psychological conditioning is Aldous Huxley’s satirical fiction novel, Brave New World.
An era of hard work and self-analysis, further, inspired by the death of his father, directed Freud to his publication of The Interpretation of Dreams in 1900 and of Psychopathology of Everyday Life in 1901. The latter work, presenting entertaining and appropriate sketches of Freudian slides, gained a wide audience for his theories of the mind. Freud’s findings on the inner workings of the human mind, have been now broadly accepted by the most schools of psychological thought. Known as “the father of psychoanalysis,” Freud’s work has been tremendously influential in the accepted imagination, popularizing such ideas as the unconscious, defense mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism, while also making a long-lasting impact on various fields as literature and , film, Marxist and feminist theories, literary criticism, philosophy and psychology. This is a crucially important matter, since Freud not only saw himself first and leading as a pioneer scientist, but constantly declared that the significance of psychoanalysis is that it is a new science, added in a new scientific method of dealing with the mind and with mental illness.
I chose to review the fifth chapter of “New Ideas From Dead Economists” titled The Stormy Mind of John Stuart Mill. John Stuart Mill was born in 1806 in London to two strict parents who began to educate their son at a very young age. Mill’s father was James Mill, a famous historian and economist, who began to teach his son Greek at the age of three. The book reports that “by eight, the boy had read Plato, Xenophon, and Diogenes” and by twelve “Mill exhausted well-stocked libraries, reading Aristotle and Aristophanes and mastering calculus and geometry” (Buchholz 93). The vast amount of knowledge that Mill gained at a young age no doubt assisted him in becoming such a well-recognized philosopher and economist.
Sigmund Freud’s theory of psychoanalysis and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory have vastly contributed to the world of psychology (Boeree, 2006). Their theories differ in many ways but also share some views. I will attempt to describe and compare and contrast each theory. Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Freud described the mind of an individual in the following way: The conscious mind is the thoughts, perceptions, etc, that you are aware of at this present moment. It is the tip of the ice berg, in terms of the analogy Freud used to describe the mind (Mcleod, Sigmund Freud, 2013) The preconscious mind consists of the memories that one is not presently thinking about, but can be brought to mind (Boeree, 2006).
There are a number of influential psychologists that have shaped the way we think about human behavior and characteristics. A brief overview of these theories will help us understand the field of psychology as we understand it in the 21st century. The most famous figure, the most influential and controversial thinker of the twentieth century in the field of Psychology is Sigmund Freud. His work and theories helped us to shape our views of childhood, personality, memory and sexuality. After Freud other major psychologists have contributed in this field but their development was mainly from the standpoint of opposing what Freud had preached.
Personality is basically who you are, it is a sum total of your qualities, thoughts and principles. The book, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is supposed to be based on personality or, rather the division of personality, which is now known as a mental disease called dissociative identity disorder (DID). This book is supposed to be based on this, and has been thought so since the Victorian era (that is when the book was released). However I think that Hyde and Jekyll are the same personality. Dr. Jekyll was a rich chemical scientist who had inherited most of his money from his parents.
Sigmund Freud (1917) is one of the most influential thinkers and psychologist of the twentieth century in the field of Psychology. He found that the unconscious is the source of inspiration and one’s active mind is a way to hide thoughts and desires from awareness (Gabriel, 2011). In general, the Psychoanalytic model of personality can be divided into three structures: Id, Ego and Superego (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first structure of Psychoanalytic Model is Id. King (2009) defined Id as the Freudian build of personality that concern with unconscious drives and the individual’s reservoir of psychic energy.
However, he realized his interests lie in psychology. He went on to obtain Ph.D in social psychology in 1960 from Harvard. Milgram spent a year working as an assistant with Solomon Asch. It was Asch’s famous conformity experiment that went on to inspire Milgram to conduct his experiments and research that were to make him famous and lead him to benefit modern psychology. In 1960 he started working at Yale and soon began his experiments on obedience and the conflict between authority and personal conscience on obedience in 1961; his experiment was one of the most famous yet controversial experiments done for obedience.
Psychoanalytic therapy is a well-known treatment method. This method is used to investigate one’s mind. This therapy is based upon the theories of the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Although there was extensive development inside the principle and exercise