Psychoanalytic Criticism Of Frankenstein

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Psychoanalysis of Frankenstein and His Creation When doing a literary analysis using the psychoanalytic type A criticism, the reader must solely look to the work itself and exclude externalities. One may interpret, “Dr. Frankenstein and the monster as embodying Sigmund Freud’s theory of id and ego” (Telgen). The theory is based upon the idea that a character’s personality can be divided into three parts. The id which is the basic desire for what each person wants. The superego which is the opposite of id, it houses our sense of guilt. Lastly, there is the ego, the balance between the id and superego. The ego represents reality. Focusing on Victor Frankenstein and the monster he created, one can better understand their personalities by examining the three parts of their subconscious; and determining parallels between the two characters. Victor Frankenstein’s id is shown primarily at the beginning of the novel; he creates the monster because he wants to and he doesn’t consider the repercussions that would follow. The id is known as the “inner child,” there is no sense of consciousness when you’re satisfying the id. One whose id is superior simply does what they want to do. Furthermore, early in the novel, “His professor inspires him to push his experiments beyond the realm of “acceptable” science, so he begins to determine the limits of human mortality” (Telgen). He discovers those limits and then goes beyond them to create a creature from human body parts. “The astonishment
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