There are 5 major levels to Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs; physiological, safety, emotional, esteem, and self-actualization (Maslow 1). The way that this system works is that in order to achieve the fifth level of fulfillment of needs, you must first meet
Exceptional educators keep their fingers on the pulse of what their students need, in order to teach them effectively. Examining Piaget and Maslow’s theories, and applying them to the classroom will facilitate achieving this goal. Considering Piaget’s focus on development, and Maslow’s prioritization of human needs, one can integrate these ideas into classrooms and lesson plans that are optimized for student success.
Humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow put forward his theory of the hierarchy of needs through the shape of a pyramid. He suggested that each step in this pyramid became of importance when the needs of an individual are not met. To progress upwards in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs one has to meet each level to a satisfactory standard and when this is happens he claims that a person has reached a point of self-actualisation. All the necessities he mentioned had to be met before this could be realised however. He believed that everyone was capable of attaining self-actualisation but unfortunate life experiences do disrupt a person’s progress and they can go up and down the pyramid when these unlucky moments present themselves in life (ClassNotes, 2014).
Firstly, view of human nature (Corey, 2013, p. 58). It is fundamentally deterministic (Corey, 2013, p. 58). Instincts are the key to Freudian approach (Corey, 2013, p. 58). Though Freud primarily applied the word libido to relate to sexual energy, he widen it to involve in drives of all life instincts later. He also assumes death instincts, which explain hostile force (Corey, 2013, p.
Motivation could be defined as factors that stimulate people to act well on a certain topic. Moreover, it is crucial to know what motivates whom, because every individual has certain factors that act to motivate them which differ from everyone else. Some employees could be extroverts so working on team projects or in groups could motivate them because they have the team spirit. On the other hand, some other employees would be motivated by the idea of change and making a difference. This case study is presenting Enterprise-rent-a car; while the main concern of the topic is motivation. Enterprise-rent-a car is an enterprise providing service which is renting cars. In 1957, Jack Taylor started the enterprise in ST. Louis U.S. in a car dealership’s basement. Nowadays, the company owns over 750,000 cars in service all over the globe. The international operations of the enterprise main concern are providing a well suited and trustable service at an acceptable price; moreover, customers will use the service over and over again. The enterprise’s competitive advantage is their excellent customer service which requires “highly motivated staff” in order all of tasks required to provide the service with high quality. The enterprise has its own culture which
Countless psychologists have theorized about human behavior, but few theories have had the impact that Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs has had. Maslow was looking to explain the motivation behind people’s actions. He developed his theory to represent the needs people need to meet to be comfortable in their living situations. Based on Maslow’s theory, phycologists can determine why people partake in the actions they do. For example, people who do not feel belonging and love as children are more likely to join gangs or other organizations to gain a sense of belonging. To understand the full theory and its impact, the main ideas, the importance, the research done with it, and its strengths and weaknesses must be
Many people have known about psychology because of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung (Blundell, 2014). In spite of the fact that they have various theories, they have so many contributions to understand the struggle of human mind. Their theories and thoughts have not always differed from each other (Blundell, 2014). Once, they were friends and colleagues. They investigated the unconscious psyche. Jung felt like he could let down his defense mechanism to Freud because he did not just see Freud as a mentor, but also as a father figure (Blundell, 2014). After a while, their thoughts began to go different directions. As a result of this separation, their friendship did not last forever, in fact it turned into an enmity in 1913. They have conflicts about sexuality. Freud stated that sexuality was everything (Blundell, 2014). On the other hand, Jung exuded that sex can influence the one’s behaviors, however the one’s behaviors’ only reason cannot be explained with just sex.
Figure 1 as stated in (Wigglesworth, 2011) show a hierarchy model that contains four intelligences which are PQ, IQ, EQ and SQ. PQ being at the foundation and moving up to the highest which is SQ. PQ in the model is defined as baby learns and masters bodily functioning such as walk, run, crawl and so on. IQ will be focus and achieve by study cognitively (Wigglesworth, 2006). EQ will be focus when realized that we need to improve on, basically will be after our brain fully developed or after get a lesson after some events. When entered adulthood, SQ will be more emphasis. This is because we will think more on deep meaning and also the transcendence self. In the Figure 1 show that there have arrows going between SQ and EQ which mean there
Biological, cognitive, and socioemotional processes are all connected in the developmental task of a baby smiling at his or her mother’s touch. Biological processes produce changes in an individual’s physical nature. Cognitive processes bring changes to the individual’s thought, intelligence, and language. Socioemotional processes include changes in the individual’s relationships with other people, changes in emotions and changes in personality. For the baby, the biological process has to do with the physical touch by the mother and the baby’s response to this touch. The cognitive process deals with the fact that the mother is intentionally touching the baby, something that the baby is beginning to understand. The socioemotional process for
The brand name of the Starbuck is popular are no longer depending on the quality of the coffee only, but also the customer service. A study shown that the turnover rate of employee at Starbuck was 65% which compare to the other national chain retailer with the average range of 150% to 400%. This indicates that Starbuck have a good work environment that allows them to retain employees and emphasized in term of the employee motivation.
Abraham Maslow, who was an American psychologist created a hierarchy of needs. There are five levels, with the basic needs at the bottom. He explains that if the basic needs are not satisfied we cannot move up the pyramid, despite a few instances (Lilienfeld et al., 2016). The first level is physiological needs which is satisfying hunger, thirst, and fatigue. Physiological needs influence us because if we are not satisfying our hunger, we can lose weight, or be malnourished. If we are not satisfying out thirst, we can be dehydrated. If we are not satisfying our fatigue, it could lead to further problems. This level is greatly dependent on your financial situation and if you have access to food and money. The second
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This theory lies on the premise that people can rarely achieve their full potential without having met their basic needs; if the target population lacks of basic needs, any intervention that does not address this particular issue will fail. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is based on the physiological and psychological needs. Once these needs are covered, we will be able to engage someone to change habits in order to achieve our goals. It is highly important to recognize the target population and their basic needs. Their basic needs may differ from ours, but it is their perspective what matters. We could apply this theory by:
Next on the pyramid are social needs which include friendship, belongingness, love and acceptance. Following social needs are esteem needs which include self-respect, achievement, attention and recognition. Top of the pyramid is self-actualization which includes self-fulfillment, growth, justice and wisdom. Maslow described physiological and safety needs as low-order needs and the other needs as high-order
The expectancy is considered as a general concept in psychology, however, conversely in the health literature it is assumed as it is in the real world. In psychology, expectancy theory posits that satisfaction is expressed by a difference between what one received and expected or wanted to receive. However, expectations are made of “cognitive processes” and shaped by “previous experiences”, so it is dynamic, complex beliefs (Bowling et al., 2012).