Psychoanalytic Theory Of Personality

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Personality is, "the pattern of enduring characteristics that produce consistency and individuality in a given person" (pg. 438). In part, it is the behaviors that make us unique and set us apart from one another. It is also, what drives us to act consistently in a variety of settings. There are few different theories and approaches to understanding on personality and personality traits and why we behave the way we do Psychoanalytic theory is, Freud 's theory that, "unconscious forces act as determinants of personality" (pg. 439). Freud believed that conscious experiences only make up a small part of our physiological makeup and the majority of our behaviors are developed by unconscious means. The unconscious its self is "part of the personality that contains memories, knowledge, beliefs, feelings, urges, drives, and instincts of which an induvial is unaware of" (pg. 439). Freud 's theory suggest that personality is made up of parts each responsible for a different purpose. The id, is a part of the personality which reduces the, tensions related to sex, aggression, and other primitive impulses" (pg. 440). The ego section of a personality, "retrains individual energy to maintain an individual 's safety and to help a person be a member or society" (pg. 440). Finally, the super ego, "represents society 's rights and wrongs and includes the conscious" (pg.440) Freud 's theory also claims that personalities are developed through psychosexual stages. While some
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