Psychoanalytic Theory: Theoretical Perspectives

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Psychoanalytic Theoretical Views Name of theory: Psychoanalytic Theory Founder of the theory: Sigmund Freud View of human nature (include innate capacities/capabilities and motivational constructs): Sigmund Freud viewed human nature as being deterministic and influenced by both sexual energy and instincts (Corey, 2017). He further identifies that soon after birth instincts drive our desire and force internal motivations into the reality of which we live. Although unconscious desires are the driving forces of existence in the beginning, it does not remain the only force through out our lives. We begin to develop into a conscious being as we recognize the world around us. Our external world introduces the conscious mind by showing us moral code, paternal expectations, and presumptions of societal ideology. As the unconscious mind is interwoven with the conscious, we may begin to experience problems caused by an unequal balance. The immense issues we face when impulses and desires supersede the rationalization of the external world, or vice versa, cause anxiety that can only be dealt with through a mechanism that allows us to proportionate it (more on this in the key concepts section). The psychoanalytic theory draws emphasis on early development and how it plays a key role in the way we adequately develop. It further identifies that personal and social development, love and trust, and, developing positive acceptance of sexuality are key constructs that motivate our
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