A top reason for this choice is that it is the fundamental theory which has given rise to more complex ideas that were developed as social scientists expanded and further evaluated the different aspects of Freud’s theory. The psychoanalytic theory proposed by Freud describes that human personality develops through incremental stages. Each stage is described as a conflict where the personality is developed through the interaction of the ego, the superego and the id. Freud described that the parts of the personality fight on an unconscious level to achieve a set of results, that we then described as personality. Another ideal that I liked is the concept of psychosexual stages, that are termed as development.
He shaped his theory of psychoanalysis by observing his patients. According to this psychoanalytic theory, personalities can arise because of efforts to resolve struggles between unconscious aggressive and sexual impulses and societies demands to confine these impulses. Freud described the personality as having three major components: the id, the ego, and the superego. The id represents the unconscious, which contains thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories that people have no awareness of, but that impact every part of their day-to-day lives. The id is the portion of
Jung’s position on the unconscious was divided into the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious. To Jung, the ego is the conscious which included the personal unconscious, recalled and suppressed memories, and the collective unconscious, the experiences as a species or knowledge that was always known. On the other hand, Freud believed the unconscious mind was the epicentre of repressed thoughts such as traumatic memories, and what drove it was sex and aggression. He declared that the human mind centres upon three structures: the id, the ego, and the superego. Thus in the opinion of Jung, the human psyche are not forced through sex and aggression and the unconscious mind exhibits itself in the conscious
Personality is made out of a natural premise and portrayed feelings inside us (Feist, 2009). A character, on the other hand, is purely the individual properties in view of consciences, moralities, strength of will, and fidelity (Feist, 2009). Psychodynamic Theory By now, we all know that Sigmund Freud inaugurated the psychodynamic system to understand identity. It is a congregation of all the human working speculations consolidated into one. The psychodynamic approach depends
High ego strength forms healthy personalities whilst low ego strength shapes maladaptive personalities. Freud’s theory faced controversy, specifically in the research methods and area of focus. This essay first elaborates Freud’s perception of personality, followed by evaluation of Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. In the Structural Model, Freud divided human mind into three theoretical constructs: pleasure-seeking id, realistic ego and moralistic superego; each agency has distinct roles, components and principles (Carducci, 2009). Furthermore, agencies operate at different levels of awareness.
citaionoftextbook He categorised the instincts into two: life instincts; death instincts. The life instincts are driven to further growth and development, and serve to satisfy the necessities of the individual and species through food, water, air, and sex (Freud deemed sex as our primary motivation). assholecitationTB The psychic energy derived through the life instincts is known, in Freudian terms, as the libido. The libido may be devoted to an object or person, a Freudian concept known as cathexis. Antagonistic to the life instinct is the death instinct, which proposed that people have a subconscious desire to die.
Individual differences exist between people and it is the cornerstone of modern psychology. It refers to the psychology of the person and the psychological differences between people and their similarities. It is important because people’s behavior is based on their perception of what reality is, not on reality itself. The world that is perceived is the world that is behaviorally important. One of the major determinants of how and why an individual initiates and sustains certain behaviors is based on the concepts of sensation and perception.
Emotion-focused coping: “Emotion-focused coping strategies are used to handle feelings of distress, rather than the actual problem situation.” In emotion-focused coping strategies involve efforts to regulate the emotional consequences of stressful or potentially stressful events (Folkman & Lazarus, 1980). In this strategy the individual deal with the stressor itself because he thinks that his actions affect the stressor. This emotion coping strategy involves finding practical ways to overcome with the problems. Appraisal-focused
Factors involving both the model and learner can play a role in whether social learning is successful. Certain requirements and steps must be followed. Bandura claimed that there are steps involved in the observational learning and modelling process. Attention For Bandura, In order to learn, paying attention is a vast importance. Anything that distracts your attention is going to have a negative effect on observational learning.
When comparing and contrasting the psychodynamic and behaviourist approach to psychology similarities can be noted in early learning experiences and how this effects adult personalities. The differences can be seen in their views on mental process and in testing each theory. “The psychodynamic perspective searches for the causes of behaviour within the inner workings of our personality emphasizing the role of unconscious process”. (Passer, 2009 p11) Whereas, “The Behaviourist perspective focuses on the role of the external environment in governing our actions” (Passer, 2009, p13) Sigmund Freud developed the extremely influential and controversial theory of psychoanalysis. Despite the controversy, he had a huge impact on the field of psychology as it is today.