Psychoanalytical Psychology: Carl Gustav Jung

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CARL JUNG: Carl Gustav Jung was a psychiatrist and a psychotherapist who reached the heights of glory with his views on the personality development of an individual. He became the President of the International Psychoanalytic Association but only after the animosity between Jung and Freud did Jung achieve fame. Post-split Jung delved into his dreams and imaginations and initiated working on his theory of personality. He wrote down his dreams and analysed them which he later formulated into his idea of personal unconscious. Then, he discovered that parts of himself are calling onto him; he accepted his shadow and anima and came up with the concept of archetypes and collective unconscious. Jung also confronted the Great Mother and the Wise Old Man and reached his psychological rebirth, i.e. individuation. He established his own school of Psychology, Analytical Psychology, which was based on occult phenomena. Jung’s inclination towards the occult sciences and mysticism can be attributed to his maternal side of the family which had deep rooted interests in spirituality and religiosity. Jung’s Analytical Psychology focuses more on the unconscious processes as compared to the conscious ones. It was, hence, named as the theory of unconscious processes. His theory did not overemphasize on sex; in fact, he postulated that libido is used for cultural and social activities and the remaining libido is used in sexual activities. However, he believed that a good marriage permits being

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