The Carl Rogers theory of the self-concept will explain the development and structure of personality, whereas Victor Frankl’s theory will explain the meaning of life as a dynamic of personality. Carl Rogers’s personality
When one is faced with the conflict of painful thoughts, he/she creates psychic energy. This has to go somewhere. Sublimation channels this energy away from destructive acts and diverts it into something that is socially acceptable and/or creatively effective. Sublimation is the basic mechanisms that allows one to act out unacceptable impulses by converting these behaviors into a more acceptable
Nietzsche’s influence extended beyond philosophy to psychology. Notably, Sigmund Freud, the architect of psychoanalysis and analytic psychology founder, Carl Jung are said to be influenced by Nietzsche’s work (Brians, 1998). Although Nietzsche’s work left impressions on several other twentieth century psychologists, including Alfred Adler, Abraham Maslow and Ayn Rand, for the purpose of this essay the effect on Freud and Jung’s work will be in primary focus. Jung was fascinated by Nietzsche and his work. From Jung’s student days to him being a pioneer in the psychoanalytic movement, Jung read and developed his own thoughts regarding Nietzsche’s ideas and work (Rensma, 2012).
We use defense mechanisms to shield ourselves from sentiments of nervousness or blame, which emerge on the grounds that we feel debilitated, or in light of the fact that our id or superego turns out to be excessively requesting. They are not under control, and are non-voluntarist. With the ego, our unconscious will use at least one to secure us when we come up against an upsetting circumstance in life and anxiety. The ego and the defense mechanism are common and typical. When they escape extent, depressions grow, for example, tension states, fears, fixations, or hysteria.
According to Jung how an individual interacts with the world around them influences the type of attitudes and personality traits that they will incorporate, as is the example with extraverted people (those who are dominant in their social settings) and introverts (those who chose to be less dominant in a social setting) (Hopwood, A, 2014). The personal unconscious of Jung’s theory is, in essence, the same as Freud 's idea of the unconscious mind (Mcleod, S, 2014). It arises from the interactions between the collective unconscious and the individual 's development
However, there is a major difference between Jung and Freud’s model of the unconsciousness. Jung theorized the notion of collective (or transpersonal) unconscious. This is the second layer of his model of unconsciousness, with the first layer similar to Freud’s model. According to Jung, the human mind’s has innate characteristics imprinted on it as a result of revolution. These stem from our ancestral past (e.g.
Indeed, they developed distinctive and essential theories because they deficient in agreement as to the nature of humanity, and because each viewed personality from an mortal reference point point in time . According to Erikson, the inner self creates as it effectively settle emergencies that are particularly social in nature. These include building up a feeling of trust , building up a feeling of character in the public , and helping the cutting edge plan for futurity . Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic therapist who concurred with the principle suppositions of Abraham Maslow, yet added that for a man to "develop", they require a situation that furnishes them with validity (openness and self-revelation), acknowledgment (being seen with unlimited positive respect), and compassion (being listened to and caught on). The motive of this essay is to compare and contrast two competing psychological theories of human behavior.
He states that through the death of the author, the reader is born. Barthes relates this argument to Sigmund Freud’s theories on the two states of conscious, the manifest and the latent. According to Freud, manifest content is content that we as humans are cognitively aware of thinking and experiencing, whereas the latent content is the hidden meaning, the thoughts and desires that we supress in order to belong and co-exist in society. Barthes believes that the scriptor provides us with manifest content through prose and we, the readers, must gain access to its hidden layers, the latent content. It is the reader’s job to make art reach its full potential.
Sigmund Freud 's viewpoint on personality development differed entirely from social learning theory. He was a psychoanalyst and looked for unconscious motives, which influenced the behavior of the patients, he was treating. He focused on the subconscious much larger part of the mind, a storehouse of impulses, passions and inaccessible memories that affect our feelings and actions. In ancient Indian psychology this is known as "samskaras". It is believed that some of these samskaras are connected with previous lives experiences.
Unconscious thoughts influence behavior, and the moment it processes painful feelings, they are alleviated by the defense mechanisms. According to Higdon (2012), psychological interpretation of emotional and mental processes is informed by ego psychology, object relations, and self-psychology. Psychodynamic therapy acts as a simpler alternative of