1.1 Music Therapy Music therapy is the practice of using music as a form of treatment for certain conditions (especially mental conditions). The idea of using music as a form of therapy dates back to Aristotle’s and Plato’s days. Aristotle understood the great impact music had on listeners and spoke about how it can affect the emotional states of an individual. “Music directly imitates the passions or states of the soul… when one listens to music that imitates a certain passion, he becomes imbued with the same passion; and if over a long time he habitually listens to music that rouses ignoble passions, his whole character will be shaped to an ignoble form” (Aristotle). Music can affect the brain and body in unexpected ways.
This means food, sex, and several drugs of abuse are also stimulants of dopamine release in the brain, particularly in the prefrontal cortex. Because the BAS is associated with dopamine, it is easy to understand why the BAS is sensitive to reward cues. “The BAS activates behavior in response to cues of reward or non-punishment” (O’Brien, Frick 1). The BAS motivates us the find pleasure. In contrast, the BIS is associated with the neurotransmitter Serotonin and brain structures that control memory.
In this case Jerry worked in a one and one setting, which was more suited due to his anger tantrums, which were said to be dangerous. As said in my opening paragraph there are many benefits with music therapy sessions achieving goals such as developing social skills, promoting a child with Autism’s emotional skills. This case study is proof that music therapy works efficiently to the client and is created in order to help one’s well being and physical and mental disability which is powerful to say the
“Light can play as directly upon our emotions as music does” Lighting in the 1900s was not very developed, but a whole set of techniques have been written by Appia. According to Appia light provided the same opportunity as music to evoke the emotional values of a performance rather than the reality. This is connected to Kandinsky’s first principle of the relationship between the actor and the audience, as music created the mood of the scene, the light can reveal the emotional implications of an object, projecting the emotional meaning of an action to the audience. In order to reveal the emotional side, Appia demonstrated himself how to use different lights. “He demonstrated in detail, both as a theorist and as a draftsman, how stage lighting could be used and controlled so as to establish a completely unified three dimensional world on the
CBT CBT for tinnitus includes, for example, psycho-education about tinnitus, applied relaxation, positive imagery, cognitive restructuring of negative beliefs about tinnitus, exposure to the sounds, behavioral activation, and mindfulness/attention exercises (10, 11). 3.
Erikson was an expansion of Freud’s psychosocial stages of personality development. He also had different concepts such as identity confusion, and generativity. He shows how cultural, social, and historical forces could have an impact on personality, and emphasized greatly on the ego rather than on the id. Erikson views the ego as an independent party, therefore it is not dependent on the id of the personality. He said that alienation from cultural traditions seemed to be related to the symptoms displayed by others, which resulted in an uncertain self-image or self-identity.
Minimalism evolved due to the ambitions of composers during that time. Many early minimalist composers, especially those from California and ‘downtown” Manhattan during the 1960s and 70s wanted to break down the barriers between different styles and compositional techniques of music. This was due to the fact that the society of these places put great emphasis in creativity and music that was an alternative to the common styles of music. In Minimalism, “stasis and repetition replaced the melodic line, tension and release, and climax of conventionally tonal music Loops, phasing, stasis, and tonality were all prominent features, used differently (though to similar effect) by each composer” (Lucy Davis “minimalism”). Minimalism has been classified as part of the
According to Bryant (2006), this type of therapeutic intervention encompasses psychoeducation, cognitive restructuring, anxiety management, imaginal and in vivo exposure, as well as relapse prevention. The client will receive education about stressful reactions to trauma and treatment options, which will help normalize the client’s stress response and enhance the expectancy of recovery. By implementing cognitive restructuring, the clinician will address unrealistic and maladaptive perceptions the client might have about the traumatic event and his fears of potential harm in the future. It will be useful to provide anxiety management strategies to the client in the therapy sessions because they can provide him with a degree of control over his distress and with a sense of relief. The techniques used for anxiety management include muscle relaxation and breathing retraining.
Clinicians who engaged in person therapy were more likely to find their professional work gratifying. Personal treatment was also found to diminish emotional stress and perceived burdens of the professionals (Norcross, Strausser- Kirtland, & Missar,
By these results, it has indicate that preferred type of music can cause distracting factor , perhaps due to the attention is drawn to emotions, memories and lyrics where such music can evoke. Also, the participants who listened to the sedative music , had better performances than the participants who listened to simulative music and a worst than those who listened to the no music. From this results, it has been shown that simulative music is a stronger distracter than the sedative music while no music is the better performance. In an another study which was conduct by Miller and Schyb (1989) , they basically examined the effect on the background music in variety of standard cognitive tasks such as numerical, spatial and verbal reasoning and reading. These tasks were taken from Differential Aptitude Test Battery.
However, there is a small portion of people who report this behavior as “emotionally disturbing” (Beech & Harkins, 2012). There are motives to explain why children and adults display masochistic phenomena they include the sensation of pain was a source of pleasure "in itself"; it created excitement; it brought relief of tension; it gave a sense of reality; it avoided a fantasied other pain; it prevented punishment; and it paid for another pleasure, such as sexual gratification (Grossman, 1991) . Additional reasons provided by the author include that it served to manipulate a more powerful person; it was a means of inflicting suffering on others; it maintained magical control; it protected loved objects from destruction; suffering for a valued goal, or at the hands of an admired, feared or loved person, may be a source of great narcissistic satisfaction (Grossman,
Keeping track of what you eat will both make a patient feel better emotionally as well as keeps their weight at a moderate scale to avoid pressure and stress on the knees or hips making it more painful for them. Another prominent treatment is medications, since Osteoarthritis is primarily pain there are some pain medications that are often prescribed by doctors the most common one is Tylenol or Acetaminophen this helps reduce mild pain by blocking the pain receptors also Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, Advil, and other types of drugs can help relieve the pain . Finally, an effective treatment includes therapy. A patient with osteoarthritis has options to help relieve the stress caused from their osteoarthritis conditions, this includes physical therapy, an exercise program that helps