The text book, The Theory and Practice of Group Psychotherapy by Irvin D. Yalom with Molyn Leszcz begins with the preface of the fifth edition. In the preface, Irvin D. Yalom introduced Molyn Leszcz as his collaborator and how they met at Stanford University in 1980. He then discussed how they both worked hard collaboratively to combine old and new material to make this edition. Their goals for this edition were to prepare student therapists for the present-day workplace and to keep the current methods from decaying, so that students can gather wisdom and techniques of the field when they get the opportunity to utilize those methods as therapists. Yalom briefly talked about what each chapter in the text would discuss. He closed out by mentioning while making changes to this text, he was also writing the class novel, The Schopenhauer Cure, which complements this text very well.
Michael Hoober is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), who owns a private practice in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Before he was self-employed, he counseled sex offenders at a local agency. For his undergraduate, he achieved a bachelor’s degree in psychology. After completing his bachelor’s degree, he gained a masters of art in psychology and a masters in philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania. When asked about his theoretical orientation, he disclosed he has an attachment focused orientation. According to Brodrick and Blewitt (2015) they state how the attachment perspective from a professional counselor is a therapeutic bond that is aimed to modify the individual’s cognition, behaviors, and emotions. Once the rapport
Consequently, this week’s interpersonal/relational wiki proves to have a strong focus on therapies that analyze the core of relationships. Thus, the similarity that stood out was the depiction of relationships. Most of the models rely heavily on a client’s relationship, either with self, family, or society. While each model focuses on one’s relationship/s, each model differs in its perception of where relationships fail, how they are empowered and what role the therapist plays. In Relational-Culture Therapy (RCT) the therapist empowers clients through growth fostering relationships; Family Systems Theory (FST) the therapist remains neutral and creates structure; Adlerian therapists model social behaviour; Gestalt therapists create space for
The session 1 and 2 consists of the assessment of the client’s clinical problems and background information. Questions relate to her clinical problems, including (a) the nature of her problems (depression and difficulty with making decisions), (b) reason of seeking psychotherapy, and (c) previous attempts to deal with the problems. For the background information, the client’s histories are assessed in the areas of intimate/family relationship, educational/vocational activities, past history of psychological treatment, and physical condition. Session 3 primarily consists on the further functional assessment around her coping skills (e.g., avoidance) in the areas of interpersonal relationships.
Since the historically deadly shooting that occurred at a church in Charleston, South Carolina, it has been fifty-one years. There was also another attack on a southern black church that was allegedly bombed by the Ku Klux Klan on September 15th, 1963. In all the ramshackle, four young girls were unfortunately caught in between the incidences and they lost their lives. Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Addie Mae Collins were 14 years old when the bombing took place; Denise McNair was 11 years old (Kadzin, 2008).
This paper focuses on person-centered therapy. Person-centered therapy is an approach to help individuals develop a sense of self. This therapy is different from others as the client is responsible for improving his own life, not the therapist. However, it is important for the therapist to create a conducive environment for the client so that the client feels safe and secure and will be at ease to share problems or issues during therapy sessions. Three core conditions that will aid the therapist in doing so is being congruent, having unconditional positive regard and being emphatic. This paper explores the effectiveness of person-centered therapy in creating therapeutic alliance. It also explores the necessary conditions for constructive personality change to occur, exist and continue over a period of time as well as the personal characteristics that are most important for a person-centered therapist to be genuine and lastly the personal characteristics of the writer, which might assist or hinder ability to work with clients effectively.
I was married for 10 years when I was younger. I have been married to my present wife for 28 years. My first wife and I were 19 and 22 years old when we were married. We had two children fairly early in our relationship. We lived away from family for four of the first five years of married life, so we did not have a lot of support from family. This first marriage failed for a number of reasons. It was a heavily conflict-laden marriage (verbal). Both partners in the marriage were ill equipped to deal with the pressures of raising two active children far from home, especially given the challenges of our own childhoods. We had financial pressures and it took some time before we could develop a network of friends. And we were both trying to grow
The human life is known in their stories to tell and these stories are written from their experiences in life. Marion got a recommendation to seek the help of a Narrative Therapist because she came to the point of feeling down, the children have grown and left home. A counselor must be aware that Marion, a 45 year old woman, plays a fundamental role in the creation of her realities, though it may seem true, it is just a subjective interpretation of her experiences. It is important that Marion feels understood by her counselor in order to work through her feelings. It is a fact that there are always events that may fall outside her story but narratives are drawn upon to become her dominant story. In narrative therapy, the primary idea is
Therapists often face many ethical dilemmas in their therapeutic relationships with their clients. Countertransference is one ethical dilemma that is seen quite often in therapy and often goes unnoticed until the therapist becomes aware of this feeling. Countertransference is caused when the therapist begins to involve their own projections and feelings toward their client, or their clients ' situation that may potentially distort the way they perceive and react to their client in therapy (Corey, Corey, & Callanan, 2015, p.49). This sort of conflict often happens when the therapist begins to lose objectivity towards the client, causing their emotional reactions to become more intensified during therapy. These
As a counselor, I would perfer techniques such as motivational interviewing (MI), self-disclosure, reframing, cognitive restructuring and modeling. These techniques are familiar to those counselors who agree with the humanistic approach. My preferred techniques would be those based on humanistic-phenomenological approaches, such as Cognigive-Behavioral and Person-Centered. Below are descriptions my perferred counseling techniques:
Irvin D.Yalom psychiatrist, psychotherapist and bibliotherapist and a major influence in Jewish existentialism, was born in Washington D.C in 1931, the only child of Jewish parents, who left Russia shortly after World War I. His parents were not well educated and worked long hours in their grocery store, to survive financially. Their neighbourhood was poor and unsafe and so Yalom sought solace in books. His relationship was his father was close, “And Sunday mornings were mellow times, etched clearly in my mind. Usually I played chess with my father" (Yalom, 2001, p. 303) but his relationship with his mother was ambivalent, "never, not once, do I remember
From the beginning, the therapist had to deal with own doubts and anxiety. The therapist had heard a lot about the psychodynamic psychotherapy but this was the first time he conduct the sessions by himself. Unlike pharmacotherapy, there is no standard clinical practice guideline or recommendation for the therapist to refer to or follow. The therapist was worried that he was unable to conduct the therapy effectively and his patient would not benefit from the therapy. Fortunately, the therapist received a lot of encouragement and support from his supervisor, which enabled him to complete the therapy sessions with his patient.
(Freud, 1949) Help is provided to the clients to enable them strengthen their EGO and protect it from being in any conflict between their ID and SUPEREGO. This theory is used to rectify the client’s character and their system of personality if found to have issues. The theory aims at making the unconscious, conscious by releasing the repressed emotions and experiences. Psychoanalytic theory also aims at helping clients work through their developmental stages not previously resolved well to solve the problem of fixation.