Psychodynamic Theory

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Introduction The aim of this paper is to integrate the philosophical and practical assumptions of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic and the person-centered school. Taking the psychodynamic approach as the core theoretical orientation, the propositions of other schools of psychotherapy may be integrated to formulate client problem as well as inform treatment. This paper will begin with outlining the key philosophies of the psychoanalytic/psychodynamic and person-centered approach, followed by their points of contact and opposition as well as their strengths and weakness. Secondly, an integrated framework may be briefly explained. I will continue the discussion with my personal stance relating to the therapies. Finally, the integrated concepts will…show more content…
The behavior is goal-directed to satisfy the inherent motivation for self-actualization in interaction with perceived reality. The infant behaves as an organized whole where experiences are viewed either positively or negatively in the organismic valuing process depending on whether or not the experiences maintain the actualizing tendency. As development progresses and the child interacts with significant others, the child becomes aware of being a more separate self. This self-experience (event/entity of experience discriminated as self) develops into a self-concept which then needs positive regard where the satisfaction depends on what others feel towards them (Patterson and Watkins,…show more content…
If we take the example of therapeutic alliance; the psychodynamic therapist assumes authority where the person-centered emphasizes equality. In my opinion, it is essential that the therapist is in the position of authority at the beginning of the therapeutic process. The client may begin to see that if the superordinate therapist accepts the client unconditionally, then they might reduce their conditions of worth and accept themselves also. This might not be as effective if the therapist is seen as an equal because the superego/conditions of worth are not generally adapted from those who are equal. As the client comes closer to insight, the therapist can start giving the control back to the client, just as the parent child relationship becomes more equal as the child becomes more mature. Both of these approaches complement each other because the psychodynamic therapist tries to modify past maladaptive relational patterns and the person centered therapist further contributes to growth. Therapeutic strategy We now move onto an application of this integrative approach. Eoghan is a 27 years old male who is struggling with low self worth and inadequacy. In addition, he suppresses his issues through excessive drinking. The objectives and course of treatment is outlined below: Phase 1: Tackle immediate risk of excessive drinking and suicide ideation by using CBT based

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