It was used to treat depression, anxiety and stress/distress symptoms of the patients. One of the concerns of the study was also to investigate if the effect on depression is brought about by self-compassion. The experiment was done in two phases. In phase one, patients with mild/moderate psychology distress were used, where 8 patients each were randomly assigned to receiving MBCT or treatment as usual (TAU) and assessed both before and after the treatment. The effect of treatment on anxiety and depression was analyzed using analysis of variance.
Cacioppo and Freberg (2013) discussed medication and its usage in the treatment of depression and bipolar disorders. Depression and bipolar disorder, both share the common experience and underlying biological roots of depression. The most common medications discussed are tranquilizers, antidepressants, behavioral and cognitive behavioral techniques are used to treat anxiety disorders. Surprisingly to what most individuals think aerobic exercise is way to treat the medical and cognitive behavioral. However, the number one option that is highly chosen is antidepressant medications.
Dialectical behavior therapy is a comprehensive treatment combining “individual psychotherapy, group skills training, telephone coaching, and a therapist consultation team” (Lineham & Wilks, 2015) which was originally developed by Dr. Marsha Linehan for clients who were highly suicidal. Based on empirical studies, this paper will review the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy treatment within various disorders; borderline personality disorder and suicidal and self-harming behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, as well as a brief study of using dialectical behavior therapy to treat adolescents with substance use disorder. Review of Empirical Studies Borderline Personality Disorder The majority of available research
TMA 01 It is extremely difficult to isolate one's values and sense of self in counselling as it is a part of human nature, however, sterile counseling may occur if the counsellor lacks ample understanding in his role in the relationship and merely become technical experts for the client. Psychoanalytic therapy and Person Centered Therapy are two therapies that promote the self awareness of the client which results in empowering the client to improve their lives. For both therapies, the approach and method to desired outcome are distinctive as each of them are heavily influenced by different sets of values and perceptions. Psychoanalytic theory is founded by Freud who views human nature as deterministic, as he believes our behavior
Obviously, the clinician must weigh the risks and benefits of a homeopathic intervention especially in situations when there are demonstrably effective conventional treatments and when the patient is either acutely psychotic or suicidal. There are several limitations in that study, as presented by the author, and only larger, double-blind, controlled, trials can provide answers to the questions that arise when using homeopathy in the treatment of disease, in general, and in psychiatry in particular. (Davidson,
While the validity of BPD is now generally accepted, the etiology of the disorder is still in process of being uncovered and better defined (Zanarini & Frankenburg, 1997). The first attempt belongs to three psychodynamic theories as for instance Kernberg (1975) suggested that excessively early aggression of the child has contributed to split his/her positive and negative images, which was caused by real frustrations. These made the pre-borderline child unable to understand and merge the positive/negative images to reach a more realistic and balanced view of him/her and others. Also, according to Adler and Buie (1979), the failure in early mothering has led the child to a failure in developing stable object constancy, as a result of mother’s inconsistency or insensitivity and non-empathy, which led them to develop an unstable view of them and the world, using stress as a coping mechanism. The last theory of the psychodynamic field (Mahler, 1972), refers to fear of abandonment as the central factor in borderline psychopathology.
in ABFT participants. Although they apply different psychotherapies, both researchers endorse therapy for treating MDD. By promoting psychotherapy and excluding medication from their treatment approaches, they stimulate patient independence. Despite the sound research methods applied throughout these experiments, limitations are still apparent. In the research conducted by Cox et al., (2012), there were limitations in their sample.
Again the MMPI-2’s use is to determine validly in ones testimony. In many cases, an individual may “fake good” or “fake bad” to gain more compassion in a case where personal injury/lose is otherwise allocated. “One situation often encountered is one in which the litigants produce extremely defensive profiles, that is, deny psychological problems in order to produce a “credible” physical problem” (Butcher, 1990). According to Ben-Porath and Graham and Hall and Hirschman and Zaragoza (1995),… psychopathology and personality evaluation, psychologist are being asked more frequently to serve as witness in the court to provide expert opinion…..whether the basis of an individual’s psychological claims is credible; whether current or past adjustment problems that a litigant might have experienced could have an impact on the current claim; whether an individual might be experiencing documentable and disabling stress-related symptoms; and whether the symptoms an individual is reporting could be attributed to lifelong chronic
(Morrison, 2014, p. 235) This would explain why Stampler had such a hard time remember information. Unfortunately if Stampler/Roy did not fool Vail and Dr. Arrington, she probably would have been able to give him a diagnosis of Malingering Z76.5, which is one of the differential diagnoses for dissociative identity disorder. Malingering is defined as the intentional production of the signs or symptoms of a physical or mental disorder. Individuals that fake dissociative identity disorder tend to be relatively undisputed by or may even seem to enjoy having the disorder, like Stampler actions at the end of the movie. He felt a sense of euphoria, defeat, a win, as he mocked Vail and tells him he made the whole dissociative identity disorder up.
In a Psychology Today 's’ article, the author Annie Murphy Paul informs that in the past in the field of psychology, it was believed that only certain biased people held stereotypes. Recent research, conducted by Mahzarin Banaji, a psychology professor at Yale University, showed that we all hold stereotypes just as we do prejudice. In fact, the research showed that we are highly stereotypical at the unconscious level of ourselves, which is described to be as serious as holding “...as many biases as a neo-Nazi skinhead…” (3). The cognitive approach has also argued that we all categorize people and things, and within this process stereotypes are formed (9). Another explanation is the view of social psychologists of in-groups and out-groups; this idea states that people perceive their in-group (the group to which they belong) as better in every aspect than out-group members (members of any groups to which they do not belong) (10).