Albert Ellis, an important contributor to the ideas behind cognitive-behavioral therapy and the founder of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), discovered that people’s beliefs strongly affected their emotional functioning. In particular certain irrational beliefs made people feel depressed, anxious or angry and led to self-defeating behaviors. Cognitive behavioral therapy can be thought of as a combination of psychotherapy and behavioral therapy. Psychotherapy emphasizes the importance of the personal meaning we place on things and how thinking patterns begin in childhood. Behavioral therapy pays close attention to the relationship between our problems, our behavior and our thoughts.
According to Freud and the psychodynamic perspective, depression is caused by unresolved conflicts between the conscious and unconscious mind. In order to achieve mental health and stability, one must resolve developmental conflicts, such as gaining trust, successful interpersonal relationships, etc. There are a multitude of psychodynamic theories as to why a person would develop depression. According to the article “Psychology of Depression - Psychodynamic Theories” by Rashmi Nemade and Natalie Staats Reiss, “Psychoanalysts historically believed that depression was caused by anger converted into self-hatred ("anger turned inward").” For example, if a child is living in a hostile environment, that child will feel alone, helpless, and angry.
Thus, the social worker could utilize cognitive behavioral therapy for people who are struggling/suffering from anxiety, depression, panic, agoraphobia social phobia, bulimia, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and Schizophrenia etc., by assisting a client to change how she/he think and what they do. Since the focus is on the current causes of distress or symptoms instead to improve their state of mind now. According to James Pretzer (2014), There has been limited research on the ways in which cultural differences may impact the cognitive behavioral therapy practice. Since individuals from different cultures tend to think about different things and tend to think about them differently, using different reasoning processes. This obviously could have important implications for CBT with its focus on addressing the client’s thoughts and thought processes.
If you suspect that your child has an anxiety disorder, it is important to seek an evaluation from a mental health professional that specializes in children and is trained in CBT. The use of CBT to treat children with anxiety disorders has been supported in the literature. After a 16-week protocol, children with anxiety disorder given CBT had significantly less anxiety than the wait list control. The children who received CBT no longer met the diagnostic criteria for an anxiety disorder and maintained that through a one year follow up. These same results have been replicated in others studies (Kendall, Flannery-Schroeder, Panichelli-Mindel, Southam-Gerow, Henin & Warman, 1997).
Through the use of cognitive, behavioural and hypnotic protocols and techniques the cognitive processes, which are leading to distress and negative, unhealthy behaviours, monitored and altered. What difference might it make to you to alter negative thoughts? What percentage of your thoughts are largely unproductive or holding you back in some way? What feelings and bodily sensations do these thoughts evoke in you? Contemplate for a moment, what it might be like to obtain freedom and choices in thoughts, feelings and behaviour... Whilst we may not be able to alter the environment or situation, which stimulates negative thoughts and emotions, we are capable of learning how to alter our responses to it, developing and strengthening our coping ability and psychological resilience in lasting ways.
TMA 01 It is extremely difficult to isolate one's values and sense of self in counselling as it is a part of human nature, however, sterile counseling may occur if the counsellor lacks ample understanding in his role in the relationship and merely become technical experts for the client. Psychoanalytic therapy and Person Centered Therapy are two therapies that promote the self awareness of the client which results in empowering the client to improve their lives. For both therapies, the approach and method to desired outcome are distinctive as each of them are heavily influenced by different sets of values and perceptions. Psychoanalytic theory is founded by Freud who views human nature as deterministic, as he believes our behavior
I remember that I have studied Erickson 's theory before at least three times, but when I read about it during this week assignment, I found some answers for many questions about the therapeutic applications for the theory. As Adler-Tapia, R. (2012) stated that “conceptualizing psychotherapy with Erickson 's stages of psychological development helps the therapist to formulate theories of when the client did not successful awareness each stage of psychological development” (p. 25). For me this is a kind of direct answer of how to integrate the theory into the practical intervention with client. Also, the examples of the Behaviorism theory were very useful for me to know more about the application of the theory because the author was talking about real clients
128). In family therapy practice, attachment theory provides clear explanations to the therapist, and provide understanding on behaviours that are otherwise confusing. If a child is seen as angry and demanding around parents, it can be seen as intentionally bad. However, from a different perspective, this could be seen as a type of insecure attachment. Giving the worker the opportunity to explore with the caregivers and the bond between them.
The counselor should be empathetic, see things from the patient’s viewpoint as well, and not be sympathetic i.e. feeling sorry for the client. There are three main approaches used by professional counselors who specialize in psychodynamic, humanistic and behavior counseling. Psychodynamic Approach to Counseling. This is based on the premise that true knowledge of people and their problems is possible through an understanding particular of areas of the human mind.
Impact of sexual abuse on children David Finkelhor and Angela Browne came up with a model where they suggested a conceptualization of the impact of sexual abuse. They came up with a four trauma causing factors which included traumatic sexualization, betrayal, powerlessness and stigmatization. The dynamics altered children’s cognitive and emotional orientation to the world. The dynamic of stigmatization tend to distort children’s sense of self worth and value, powerlessness distorts a child’s ability to control their lives, thus these distortions may result in some of the behavioral problems commonly seen in victims of child sexual abuse. (Finkelhor & Browne, 1985) 2.4.1Traumatic sexualization This refers to the development in which a child’s