Sigmund Freud believe that the unconscious “originates in early experience” and that personality is “strongly influenced by unconscious determinants” (Cloninger et al., p. 23). Based on this model of personality development, it would appear as if Jeffrey Dahmer was led by his Id impulses, in spite of his Superego’s attempts to restrain him. Jung would likely agree with Dahmer’s father that Jeffrey was, in fact, introverted throughout most of his life and Freud would want to explore just what happened to Jeffrey in his early childhood that was so incredibly traumatic. Freud would probably conclude that it was Jeffrey’s childhood hernia operation that was at the root of Dahmer’s pathological development. Could it be that Jeffrey had felt abandoned, abused and tortured when he was left at the hospital, not understanding what would be happening or why?
3. The Case of Ratman Ratman was the name given to a patient whose case history was published by Freud as ‘Notes upon a Case of Obsessional Neurosis’. The significance of the name according to Freud was that “rats had acquired a series of symbolic meanings, to which...fresh ones were continually being added". This case study was published in German in 1909. The patient was treated by Freud for around 6 months to one year (disputed) and was successfully treated.
The debate on the meaning of dreams has never ceased. Sandor Ferenczi, an advocate of Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic Dream Theory, attempts to provide a psychological analysis of dreams by employing psychoanalysis in the article published approximately ten years after Freud’s discovery of the theory. According to Ferenczi, “dreams [are] the manifestations of mental life.”
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) was a psychologist and a founder of psychoanalysis. Freud, known for his works and theories on dreams (The Interpretation of Dreams), lived through (the end of) the Enlightenment period and the Modernist period. The Enlightenment is noted to have ended around the 1810s, and while Freud had not been born yet for another forty-or-so years, he still grew up and developed under the ideas of the Enlightenment as he began to form his own. His most famous works were published during the period of Modernism. Modernism is ranged around the late 19th century into the early 20th century.
Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory suggests that the personality is controlled by the unconscious mental processes that are developed and determined in early childhood. Based on the theory, the personality is made up of three elements. The first one being the “id” which is guided by the pleasure principle and comprises of an individual’s unintentional and natural desires (especially sexual and aggressive ones) which the individual is born with. The second element is “ego” which is developed from the “id” when the individual is around the age of three. It is guided by the reality principle and is seen as the mediator between the “id” and the “superego” due to the fact that it does give in to the demands made from the “id”.
Freud’s theories on ID, ego and superego and also the “libido” like the science calls it, have made a massive boom. Freud has written three lectures in his theory of sexuality: The Sexual Aberrations, Infantile Sexuality and The Transformation of Puberty. For his first essay, Freud begun to write about distinguishing between the sexual object and the sexual aim. The first is the desired object and the second one is what acts are desired. Here are also used the terms pedophilia and bestiality, which are sexual feelings toward children and animals.
This theory consisted of five different stages. The first is the oral stage, in it a newborns to eighteen month old infants find pleasure from the mouth, specifically, sucking. The second stage is the anal stage. It occurs at the age of eighteen months to three years. Freud believed that in this stage children receive pleasure from holding and letting go of their bowel movements.
According to this theory, parts of our personality develop as we move through a series of psychological stages. Each of these stages is characterised by different demands for sexual gratification and by different methods of achieving that gratification. Freud claimed that if, as growing human beings, we do not receive an appropriate amount of gratification, we may become fixated in a particular stage which means, that we continue to have the same demands for gratification that we had at that stage, and this will remain with us for the rest of our lives, and will affect adult behaviour. What follows are the individual stages: Oral stage (birth to about 15 months) characteristic by oral stage drives. A baby is governed only by its drives and only the id is present at this stage.
Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development Introduction The theory of psychosexual development was proposed by the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and described how personality developed over the course of childhood In 1905, Freud published ‘Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality’. He broadened the definition of sexuality to include forms of pleasure that go beyond genital sexuality that established a developmental theory of childhood sexuality delineating the pathways of erotic activity from birth through puberty. In his theory he described a force by which the sexual instinct is represented in the mind known as Libido. However, the association of libido with sexuality is somewhat misleading as Freud 's intent was to encompass
The founder of psychoanalysis in Sigmund freud (1856-1939).to understand human behaviour psychoanalysis is a system of treatment that has given rise to discoveries and controversies that are actively with us today. It is a method of examining psychic phenomena and treating mental and emotional disorders that is based on the concepts and theories of Sigmund Freud, that highlights the importance of free association and dream analysis, and that involves treatment sessions during which the patient is encouraged to talk freely about personal experiences and especially about early childhood and dreams. The unconscious mind is made up of several, memories, feelings and urges that are external from our conscious mind The contents of the unconscious are generally unacceptable or unpleasant. Such as feelings of pain, anxiety, or conflict. According to freud,1923,p.15.