The Relationship Between Antidepressant Medication Use and Rate of Suicide. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62(2):165–172. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.62.2.165 Gijsman, Harm J., et al. “Antidepressants for Bipolar Depression: A Systematic Review of Randomized, Controlled Trials.”
In the context of addiction, one would be considered under these terms when over using drugs and alcohol, not just occasionally using them or being prescribed something. Addiction is a self inflicted disease which occurs when one initially decides to make the decision to immediate them. As a result of the usually voluntary act, the repetition of abusing the substance results in brain challenges. This is the basis of why these addictions are called diseases. The brain accumulates the need for the substance, eventually becoming not only a mental need but sometimes a physical need.
Substances such as cocaine, heroin, Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (cannabis), and methamphetamine are known to cause severe addiction. The effects of drugs on a human health and psychology may come in many forms. Cocaine and methamphetamine can cause nerve cells to overproduce natural neurotransmitter or prevent the natural cycling of the brain hormones, typically dopamine. As such, this may create an unusual behaviour in the brain reward system which may cause the ability of the user to halt the drug used is compromised. The user is said to be addicted and the ability to make voluntary choices is being compromised resulting in taking drugs as a psychological and physical need.
This suggests that both sex and mental health are related to each other and can be greatly affected by the other. In the same consequential sense, in which one situation leads to another, sexual abuse may also result to substance and drug abuse. According to Alcohol Rehab (n.d.), “Some studies have suggested that people who are the victims of sexual abuse may have an increased risk for substance abuse.” The reason for many victims falling into substance abuse due to sexual abuse is usually because it is a coping mechanism for the trauma caused by it, where it is used as a self-medication. Falling into the traps of
The people that become addicted to these heavy drugs will often lose ties to family and only work towards getting the drugs, they can lose hope and start to feel worthless. There is no reason to let these drugs become legal. Usage will only increase and the treatment will become more difficult because the drug will be so readily available. It is an unnecessary cycle that can be
And in developing countries can cause people lives to be over in sometimes an instant or over time. Addiction can not only be harmful in drug form. But addiction to food or a certain habit. It doesn 't always have to be something physical you can be addicted too. But the problems in these developing countries they cope with those problems with drugs
GovHK. Retrieved from http://www.nd.gov.hk/en/report/pdf/yda/chapter2.pdf The Cabin Hong Kong (5 May, 2015). High Levels of Ketamine Use in Hong Kong. Retrieved from http://www.thecabinhongkong.com.hk/high-levels-of-ketamine-use-in-hong-
The influence of family control and especially the presence of the father turn on youth delinquency toward drug use, they reduce the chances of close contact with the deviant groups, also contribute to guide them and teach them, and we find that the drug is spreading among young people that are weak or infectious parental
According to this theory, people become abusers when labeled such by the people around them. For example, methamphetamine users are labeled as addicts while cocaine users are considered recreational users even though the two substances are similar in nature. (Charmaz and Belgrave, 2013) People interpret the drugs differently and this interpretation determines the label. Causes of substance abuse While there are many reasons given by those who abuse substances, youth are typically responding to curiosity and/or peer pressure.
Journal of Poetry Therapy: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice,Theory, Research and Education, 26(3), 137-147. doi:10.1080/08893675.2013.823310 Mayo Clinic (2013). Nicotine dependence. Retrieved from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nicotine-dependence/basics/definition /con-20014452 Medical News Today (2013). What is nicotine dependence?
(2013). Current opinion in psychiatry: Epidemiology of alcohol and drug use in the elderly Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. Wu, L. T., & Blazer, D. G. (2011). Illicit and nonmedical drug use among older adults: a review. Journal of aging and health, 23(3),
Journal Of Food & Drug Analysis, 21s73. Genes and Addiction. (n.d.). Retrieved May 15, 2016. Gowing, L. R., Ali, R. L., Allsop, S., Marsden, J., Turf, E. E., West, R., and Witton, J. (2015), Global statistics on addictive behaviours: 2014 status report.
Prescription Narcotic Abuse Abuse of prescription narcotics causes loss of family relations, income, and self-esteem for the addict and causes an economic burden on American society. The abuse of prescription narcotics is fast becoming an epidemic in the United States.