Psychological Theories Of Aggression Essay

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THEORETICAL BACKGROUND
The theories of aggression can be further classified into two categories; they are –
• The Physiological or Biological Theories.
• The Psychological Theories.
Instinct Theory (Freud, Lorenz -Death Instinct) comes under the Physiological Theories of aggression. Lorenz formulated this theory based on his research on animals; he believed that Aggression is an instinct found in animals which is spontaneous in nature; it is also a protective defense mechanism used by them whenever required. He believed that this theory works in a similar way when it comes to studying human beings as well.
According to Freud and his Instinct Theory-
Instincts are physiological needs within people.
Sexual and aggressive instincts (impulses) are found in the ID. This drive is unconscious.
We will act aggressively UNLESS; we are checked by society and the SUPEREGO.
Death Instinct: the drive to destroy and kill is as basic as the need to breathe, thus, we are condemned to random violence. We are constantly in situations that cause us to experience constraints and frustrations, which activate this destructive force!
Biochemical Theory – (Physiological Theory)
• Allergies to food and drug reactions
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A review of almost a decade of studies found that exposure to violent video games was a "risk factor" for increased aggression. But the same team of experts also said that there was insufficient evidence to conclude that the influence of games led to criminal acts. It is extremely essential to know that playing violent video games more often (in terms of hours) can have a negative influence on gamers especially on adolescents and young adults, but this is not completely accepted by gamers or video game programmers. Further research in this field is essential to figure out the other dimensions that would influence aggressive behaviour other than playing violent video
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