Psychological Theory Of Juvenile Delinquency

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Juvenile delinquency can be traced back to the Ancient Greeks (400 BC) when Socrates wrote about bad behaved youngsters, who contradict their parents and tyrannise their teachers (Havard and Clark, p. 390). In fact, youthful misbehaviour has been a concern throughout time and resembles similarities and concerns until today. Juvenile delinquency refers to young people who act in illegal or not acceptable ways; youngsters, who break the law or display antisocial behaviour. The first approach to be discussed is the psychological approach which first concentrates on the personality of delinquents. One of the first scientists to link personality to delinquency was Hans Eysenck, who was interested to find out why people’s personality differed.…show more content…
224). In fact, the study was not intended to research any one theory of delinquency, but tried to find answers ‘why delinquency began’, ‘whether it could be predicted in advance’ and ‘if it continued into adult life’. The study was to follow a group of 411 children from the age of 8 years (all male) for the duration of 40 years and was to commence in 1961. All participants of the study were selected from a working-class background and residing in a deprived area of south London. The objective was to examine the progress of delinquency and criminal behaviour of inner-city males, and if it was persistent over time. The study not only focused on the long-term causes of deviancy but also on social elements such as living conditions, family background and employment. The actual findings of the Cambridge study not only demonstrated that personality is a crucial factor whether some people commit crimes, but it also showed that there were other factors in addition to personality that may lead young people to become delinquent. These additional factors included a family history of offending, child rearing practices and poverty. However, the findings from this study never discussed, which risk factors were most important or in what way…show more content…
The model became to be known as ‘ICAP’ (Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential’ theory and was designed to research the offending behaviour of males from working-class families (Havard and Clark, 2014, p. 226). The focus of this research is a person’s ‘antisocial potential’ (AP), which refers to their potential to commit antisocial acts and their decision to turn that potential into the reality of committing a crime. Nevertheless, the ICAP theory is targeting a specific group of people, namely ‘males’ with working-class background, from low-income families with low school attainment and who are

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