Psychology: Freud In The History Of Psychology

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Chapter Two
2.1 Freud in the history of psychology To write about a beginning to the history of psychology, perhaps it will be wise to accept what the great German psychologist, Ebbinghaus (1903)said , “psychology has a long past, yet its real history is short.”
The field has a long past form part of the European intellectual tradition extending all the way back to the ancient Greeks. Jacques Lacan argues that “the notion of the ego has been developed over the centuries as much by those commonly known as philosophers.” In fact, Aristotle was the first philosopher to widely treat many topics that were later become part of psychology. Writing the first purely psychological papers, he framed explanations in terms of the assumed
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Two events enhanced the popularity of this discipline. The first was in the beginning of the Romantic movement at the late decades of the seventeenth century and beginning of the eighteenth century. The second was when Philippe Pinel proposed a new, nonviolent approach to the care of mental patients. Pinel was a French psychiatrist and physician who provided a more humane psychological approach to the supervision and care of psychiatric patients, referred as moral treatment. His treatment came to be called «moral treatment», in the sense of social and psychological factors. He strongly argued for the humane treatment of mental patients, including a friendly interaction between doctor and patient. His treatment was marked by gentleness understanding, and kindness. Pinel expressed warm manner and respect for his patients and declared: “I cannot but give enthusiastic witness to their moral qualities. Never, except in romances, have I seen spouses more worthy to be cherished, more tender fathers, passionate lovers, purer or more magnanimous patriots, than I have seen in hospitals for the insane.…show more content…
It was then Sigmund Freud (1856 -1939) who advanced his startling theories about the workings of the human psyche, its formation, its organization, and its maladies:
Of the all psychology kind known till then, the psychoanalytic is the most distinctive. It was the only one founded in the tradition of clinical science that arose at the end of the 19th century, and it was the only one that developed outside the research universities that provided the main venue for scientific inquiry. The central figure in this school, naturally, is its founder, Sigmund Freud. (Sulloway, 1979). ( ta inja 80%)
He expressed and advanced the notions of the unconscious, childish sexuality and repression, and projected a tripartite explanation of the mind’s structure-all as part of a very new theoretical and healing structure of allusion for the understanding of human psychological growth and the management of atypical mental conditions. in spite of the various demonstrations of psychoanalysis as it exists today, it can in nearly all essential compliments be traced directly back to Freud’s original
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