In addition, it seeks to highlight the different identity statuses, as well as, the factors that facilitate or hinder identity formation. Furthermore, various psychological theories will be drawn upon relating to events in the movie that depict adolescent identity development. Adolescence is the period between childhood and emerging adulthood (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). According to Behm-Morawitz and Mastro (2008), this period is generally categorized by development in different spheres of life and often revolves around an increased independence and freedom. In addition, during this period adolescents start to forge a sense of identity.
Introduction Developmental psychology makes an attempt to comprehend the types and sources of advancement in children’s cognitive, social, and language acquisition skills. The pioneering work done by early child development theorists has had a significant influence on the field of psychology as we know it today. The child development theories put forward by both Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson have had substantial impacts on contemporary child psychology, early childhood education, and play therapy. In this essay, I aim to highlight the contribution of these two theorists in their study of various developmental stages, the differences and similarities in their theories, and their contributions to the theory and practice of play therapy. Jean Piaget Jean Piaget was born in Switzerland in 1896.
Child psychology, also called child development, is the study of the psychological processes of children and especially, how they develop as young adults and how they differ from one child to the next. It basically tends to map onto children’s physical, cognitive and social/emotional development. Psychologists attempt to make sense of every aspect of child development, including how children learn, think, interact and respond emotionally to people around them and understand emotions and their developing personalities, temperaments and skills. It also includes how individual, social and cultural factors may influence their development. Child study is of relatively recent origin.
Autonomy was a big chapter because it is a major adolescent issue. Being able to understand the process through which young people become responsive and self-reliant is extremely important to understand. There are three types of autonomy, emotional autonomy, behavioral autonomy, and cognitive autonomy. The first autonomy I will review on is emotional autonomy this is the emotional independence within relationships of adolescent. Today it is views as a transformation of family relationship and a way of view self.
Poverty has been shown to lead to residential mobility. Residential mobility or simply put as moving can cause different developmental problems. Children that have moved around more have shown poor psychological adjustments, have a harder time making close friends and have more academic troubles. These children tend to have smaller and/or weaker social networks. According to Ferguson "Adolescents with more frequent moves tend to have diminished social networks and hold comparatively less central positions therein and are vulnerable to earlier onset of sexual activity"(448).
DESCRIPTION OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY: Child psychology is a branch in mainstream psychology that focuses and works on the psychological issues of infants, toddlers and young adults within their social context. It pays special importance to the basic social and psychological needs of the adolescents and brings into consideration factors that affect them such as family, school, relatives etc. A main feature of child psychology is to understand the cognitive development, adaptation to social settings and health status of children and adolescents. SKILLS AND PROCEDURES UTILISED: Clinical child psychology employs a wide range of procedures and skills addressing the population of infants, toddlers, children and adolescents. Essential skills and procedures include: A child psychologist uses the technique of assessment which is to evaluate the psychosocial, cognitive, intellectual capacity of the child.
Theory of Mind is the attribution of mental states to other people and the ability to use these mental states to understand and predict other people’s behaviour. These mental states may include one’s thoughts, desires, emotions and attitudes. Theory of Mind is an aspect of socio-cognitive development that requires the integration of information from many sources. A child’s development of Theory of Mind is important as it allows them to understand the intentions of others and plays a key role in their social interaction. The view that Theory of Mind acquisition in children is related to age has been widely supported by past research.
Child and Family Perspectives: Theory and Practice "Family well being is influenced by the interplay between children's development needs, parenting capacity and wider family and environmental factors" (O' Doherty, 2013: 322). This essay will focus on the concept on how family well being is influenced by the interplay between children's development needs, parenting capacity and wider family and environmental factors in relation to families with adolescences. It will explore how each domain contributes to the well-being of family. This essay will also explore theoretical perspectives to family well- being. It will ultimately examine how the three domains promotes family well being.
Stress is a normal part of the human experience; however, if the stress impacts the individuals’ everyday life it can become an issue. Anxiety disorder is condition marked by stress and worry. Many people with this disorder are hyper vigilant and some experience a developmental progression of fears and threats. The stress and worry becomes a disorder based on the severity and intensity is out of proportion, maladaptiveness and reoccurrence, especially when the individual is unable to control these thought and feeling they are having. It can progressively develop through childhood, without intervention, symptoms of anxiety can continue into adulthood.
Children learn language skills by interacting with the immediate environment and training or simple structural changes can improve language skills of children (Bouchard & Gilles, 2011). The early education given in early childhood shapes foundation of the life and helps mental and academic development of child. Throughout the play and education, children learn social skills along with how to deal with others and develop their own values (Webster-Stratton & Reid, 2010). Therefore, this paper, with the purpose of developing the children’s future, discusses why it is very essential to recognize the importance of early childhood education, how it effects to person 's life and how it can be developed. 2.Disscussion of findings 2.1.
The aim of this research is to critically explore the effectiveness of service provisions available for young carers of parental mental illness (PMI). The Mental Health Act (2007) s1. defines a mental disorder as “any disorder or disability of the mind”. The research will allow both young carers and social work practitioners to express their critical view of the interventions and support currently available. The young carers engaged in this research will be aged between 15 and 18.
Over the past two decades, increased cases of domestic violence and children as witnesses have led to agencies developing practices and programs to reduce cases of system-related trauma among children (National Institute of Justice (U.S.), American Bar Association & American Bar Association, 1999). These programs have proven to be multidisciplinary and aimed at reducing anxiety and depression among kids. The programs also touch on various areas that include preventing future cases of victimization, coordination of the responses of agencies dealing with child victims, access of treatment to children who have been victims of domestic violence and facilitate representation and support for child victims in both juvenile courts and the criminal justice system (Law.lclark.edu, 2015). The other innovative strategies that can reduce trauma among children include the preparation of children for the witness stand in a manner that considers the child’s mental health and is developmentally appropriate. It is at this point where a clinician is required to assess the psychological condition of a child and determine whether it would be appropriate for them to testify or not.
Anxiety and insomnia are found in patients suffering from PTSD and many other disorders, but one symptom specific to PTSD is a strong feeling of paranoia. Lastly, some sufferers of this disorder participate in self-destructive or reckless behavior. This can be anything from careless driving to suicidal behavior (Friedman). Some symptoms specific to young children are forgetting how to talk, acting out the event he or she is afraid of while playing, or being oddly clingy to a parent or different adult (Post-Traumatic Stress