One of the most interesting subjects that depicts many explanations about human behavior is psychology. Every human being tends to have a distinct behavior, depending on the situation that he or she was exposed to. The presence of other human beings cause the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the person to be controlled or influenced. There is a considerable amount of factors in which the actions of human beings around them are responsible for the process of making their decisions. Therefore, finding an explanation through psychology, for the different specific reactions that human beings exhibit is important.
In book one of the Transcendental Dialectic, Kant deals with the concept of pure reason. He asserts that these concepts which are derived from pure reason are accomplished by inference and not by reflection alone. The notions of reason are Ideal inventions which though in a certain sense rest upon experience but it go beyond the limits of experience. Generally, the concepts of reason allow us to comprehend while the concepts of understanding assist one to understand. The difference portrayed between concepts achieved through reflection and concepts obtained by inference seems to be misleading whereas the groupings of understanding state experience and so facilitates the unity of consciousness which is necessary to all reflection.
Recognizing the division of personality in the,”ID”Ego”, and Super ego and that the unconscious is an important part of who we are and noting that anxiety plays a big function in how one reacts to the world at large and highlighting Freud’s theory on defense mechanism to help one cope with such anxieties. Core Philosophy of the Therapeutic Approach The most important underlying ideas relating to the psychoanalytic theory was mainly influenced by Sigmund Freud, one of the most famous names in Psychology, his Psychoanalytic Theory formed the bases of many current psychoanalytic theories. He was the first to discuss the unconscious mind and its role in human behaviour. Freud believed that there were three levels consciousness the first he labeled s the unconscious mind which exist outside of an individual’s awareness at all times. The
Personality is a broad and multidimensional concept therefore it is differentlydefined by various psychologists. Some psychologists use this term to describe individual differences regarding emotional, social and intellectual functioning. While some other just focus on social and emotive characteristics of individuals (Malim, Birch, Hayward, &Wadeley, 1998). Pervin, Cervone, and John (2005) define personality as characteristics that refer to consistent patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving. The definition broadly addresses different aspects of person and explains regularities in feelings, thoughts and behavioral patterns.
“Personality refers to those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of feelings, thinking, and behaving” (Pervin, 2005). Personality also refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. There are different types of personalities that sometimes distinguished from personality traits. There are Big Five personality traits that are used to describe human personality, the five factor model (FFM). The five factors model includes openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism(Wikipedia, n.d.).
According to the social scientist Ross Honeywill (as cited in Wikipedia), social intelligence is a combined measure of self and social-awareness, developed social values and thoughts, and an ability to handle difficult social change. The review of related literature on social intelligence discloses that the theory of social intelligence has fascinated many researchers. The original definition by Edward Thorndike in 1920 is "the capacity to understand and handle people and to behave prudently in human relations” (p. 228). According to Moss and Hunt (1927) social intelligence is the "capacity to cope up well with other people". As per Howard Gardner 's Theory of Multiple Intelligence (1983), social intelligence is equivalent to inter personal intelligence and hugely connected to theory of mind.
According to author David Myers in the Social Psychology textbook, information was shared on five different types of group influences. The five different types of group influences were social facilitation, social loafing, deindividuation, group polarization, and groupthink. Within social facilitation, two meanings were produced, the original and current meanings. Next, I’ve added David Myers definitions of the group influences, described the different types of group influences, and included my life experiences. The original meaning of social facilitation is the tendency of people to perform simple and well-learned tasks better when others are present.
It is referring to the understanding of others’ emotions, which is symmetrical with self-awareness (Rosenberg and Gandhi, 2003). As a whole, empathy is about recognizing the state and origins of others’ emotions, and truly comprehends those feelings in a state where no real involvement is required (Konstantikaki and Ioannidou ,2008). It is also a form of relational awareness under EC as stated by Ziv and can be discussed in a few aspects (Ekman, 2004), but now only focus on emotional empathy, meaning feeling like how others feel, since it is has the closest relationship with
Since, the years to go individuals, situations, activities and their important role are identified and developed in identifying an individual’s personality. Several researchers have done studies on dispositions in analysing individual personality traits, these lead to look forward in certain kinds of attitudes and job related behaviour. Michele (1977) has described about individual behaviour and situations have been studies on dispositions. Studies on dispositions helped for the emergence of Big Five Personality traits models which was developed by Goldberg (1990). Big Five Personality traits model has divided the Personality into five broad traits, these are more useful in identifying different kinds of job related attitudes and behaviours.
Personality is one of the main areas of psychology research. Over the years, researchers developed theories trying to explain how people are different and similar. Personality traits were grouped together to be determinants of more general traits such as Extraversion, Agreeableness or Neuroticism. The traits were tested for various correlations. All this to better understand why people behave the way they do and how big impact does the personality have on behaviour.