Athlete’s mental toughness as important as physical strength, say sport psychologists | Feature Stories. [online] Available at:http://www.utexas.edu/features/2008/11/24/athletes_minds/ [Accessed: 26 Feb 2014]. Summary: Source A discusses the vital role that an athlete’s mind set plays in the athlete’s
In Mark Edmundson's article Do Sports Build Character or Damage It? he writes about his experience with football and how it served as a stress reliever. He writes,”But football was something I could do, though I was never going to be anything like star. It was hard, it took some strength of will, and -clumsily, passionately- I could do it” (Edmundson). Edmundson’s narrative about his experience with high school sports provides a perfect example for how sports can manage stress and improve one’s self-esteem.
Every individual goes through different experiences that mold them into who they are. The combination of their genetic makeup, the environment in which an individual is exposed to, peers, culture, and many other factors determine who they are as an individual (Twenge & Campbell, 2016). This is also what is considered to be an individual’s personality. It is the greatest influence on how an individual will react in any given situation; not everyone will react the same in any situation. Personality is the recurring patterns of thoughts, behaviors, and feelings that can be seen across all situations and time (Twenge & Campbell, 2016, p. 6).
Steele’s study further supports the psychological aspect of the human instinct to conform to society, even if one is unaware of it. The athlete’s performance is ultimately triggered by messages sent to the brain that then impact one’s performance, thus, supporting the notion that humans live up to their stereotypes mainly due to psychological stereotypes. Because of the social environment in the United States, it is fair to conclude that one’s behavior is a reflection of the society he or she is surrounded with, thus, conforming to and fueling the effects of
Lastly reason competitive sports can be bad is that it can chip off a participant 's self esteem and can make them anxious when they feel that they don’t have the ability to be like others and athletic goals will just go down and down every time. Although self esteem can set goals, it can overwhelm and worry the players which makes them in a difficult mental state from (Bailey, pg 1). Players can give anxiety from different hobbies but mostly sports from the buildup of pressure mostly towards games. For example Everyone gets a little nervous before a big game or athletic event. However, for those who experience the severe symptoms associated with social anxiety disorder (SAD), the quality of their athletic performance will often suffer from (Cuncic, pg 1).
This study was a within subject study because they tested a total of three hundred forty-eight varsity athletes and used all the tests on each athlete. Although the researchers could not control how the athletes felt throughout the experiment, they did control the tests and speed of recoveries each athlete received. Overall, the results that were found throughout the whole experiment was a triumph. The results show that the athletes with a pessimistic view are more likely to recover quickly because they become less pain tolerant and developed coping strategies. The athletes with the optimistic view who lack coping strategies experienced higher levels of negative emotions such as anger, depression, and anxiety as a result of not being in control of the rehabilitation, leads to a slower recovery.
Harmison et al. , (2011) argued that “...mental toughness can best be understood as a multidimensional, relatively stable, social–cognitive personality construct that is characterized by a constellation of specific cognitions and affects centered around key dispositional attributes (e.g., confidence, determination, emotional control)”. Resilience is described as to the ability of one to bounce back from negative emotional experiences and through flexible adaptation to the varying demands of stressful experiences (J. H. Block & Block, 1980; J. Block & Kremen, 1996; Lazarus, 1993). Coaches and other sports media use this term to describe favorable responses of athletes to incidents such as devastating injuries. An individual who is capable of
I will outline personality theories, views and types and how they affect sports performance, I will also talk about hoe reliable, accurate and valid the theories of personality are. Finally outline theories of motivation and how they could be put into place to create a motivational climate. (P1) Personality is someone’s way of being including mental factors such as the way they think, act and react to various situations. (M1) This is often linked to the traits because different attitudes and behaviour are put into categories from the traits theory.
In some capacity, every person is fighting a battle, struggling with a goal, faced with a new challenge, or transitioning to a new level or opportunity. Many people find that as they strive toward something, they are met with challenges or come across areas they consider as personal weaknesses that stand in their way of success. Performance coaching attacks your passions, goals, and dreams by utilizing mental training techniques, sport psychology theory, and holistic life coaching. Clients are inspired to achieve optimal performance whether it is in work, school, the performing arts, or even daily life.
Intervention Studies Brief Review: Performance Anxiety According to studies, there are many variables the can lead an athlete to be successful in their sport, having said that there are also many variables that can lead to them failing in their sport as well, the main reason of failure in sport is anxiety. Anxiety is a symptom of bad personal feelings such as, worry, sadness or disappointment and it can be shown through the behaviors of a person, this can damage the performance of most athletes while training or in a competition situation and can inhibit the athletes’ success.
People display this resilience through engagement in a meaningful activity and believe that “I am competent.” An emotional intelligent characteristic that Coach Knight displayed was motivation. His motivation and “will to win” attitude was always present. For example, he illustrated this attitude through a winner-take-all drill. Furthermore, he would motivate others through push-ups, wind sprints, and insulting verbal barbs.
Big Five Personality Traits The five personality dimensions OCEAN are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism. This were defined as follow, according to Crissy (2011), Openness is the capability of appreciating art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience. The characteristics such as imagination and insight, and those high in this trait also tend to have a broad range of interests were the traits feature in this dimension. Next is Conscientiousness this is the persons tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for achievement; planned rather than spontaneous behavior..
Personality is defined as the combination of characteristics or qualities that form an individual 's unique character. Personality theory is the approaches to understanding the “What”, “How” and “When” of characteristics and features that make up an individual 's personality. An insight into personality is important to understand the function of a person’s mind. By doing this you would be able to understand and observe your own psyche from an outside perspective, interact with others better and understand why they do what they do or predict how someone may react to something.
Thesis: Communication between coaches and their players and how their relationship effects their overall performance in athletics. Article 1 Communicative dimensions of the coach/ player relationship can have a profound impact on the self-esteem of the adolescent personality involved in sport activities. Assertiveness training is a part of standardized coaching clinics can be an important ingredient in improving the coach/player relationship. Wolf (1969), Lazarus (1971), and Rimm and Masters (1974) have demonstrated that aggressive behavior generally results from nonadaptive anxiety which inhibits the appropriate expression of assertive and effective communicative response in the individual. Questions to consider by both coaching staff members and the coaches themselves can aid in identifying potential coaching candidates for communication training:
The first component stated that the personality reflects individual differences. Every individual have its own characteristics. Second component is a statement that personality is consistent and enduring, and the last component claimed that personality can change. There are many factors can influence the personality development which are heredity, parental characteristic, person’s cohort, birth order, normative age-graded influences, normative history-graded influences, non-normative life events, culture, and normative socio cultural-graded influences.