Psychopaths: Harvey Cleckley's The Mask Of Sanity

915 Words4 Pages
Psychopaths can sing the lyrics but cannot respond to the melody. The melody of normal human interaction. They have no remorse, empathy nor compassion. They kill without thought. They are dangerous, without conscience and all around us.
Psychopathy can be defined as a personality disorder distinguished by egocentric, merciless personality and an unusual lack of empathy, masked by abnormal capability of manipulation (Hare,1993). The definition of psychopathy came after many clinical experiences and researchers during the past centuries. Several articles and books review the phenomena and theoretical history of psychopathy (e.g., Berrios, 1996), and the varieties or subtypes of psychopathic individuals are introduced in numerous early writings (e.g. Kraepelin, 1915).
Nevertheless, psychopath’s primary traits were not clarified until Harvey Cleckley’s The Mask of Sanity (1941) who illustrated traits with several cases and examples. Cleckley back in 1941 made a distinction between the types of psychopaths.
There are four different subtypes of psychopaths. The oldest distinction was made by Cleckley back in 1941 between primary and secondary.
Primary psychopaths do not have react to any kind of apprehension, discipline, or stress. Their personalities characterized by a lack of empathy for other. They interpret the words in different meanings than what we know, and evenly it is unclear if they understand the meaning of their own words, this is what is called “semantic aphasia"
Open Document