undocumented migrant labour and sex work. They choose to approach the phenomenon by studying the risks associated to these activities – a pertinent angle as high level of risk is setting the studied populations apart from society and is inherent to their work. The concept of risk was useful to describe the situation, but also to interpret the findings and to build an understanding of the social phenomenon. While Bernard and White are arguing that high level of risks shows the powerless position of undocumented migrant workers, Sanders is using the concept to explain the risk management strategies developed by indoor sex workers to reduce their exposure to
Iago’s behaviour and how that makes him a psychopath. Hans Jürgen Eysenck mentioned in his book Crime and Personality the following definition of a psychopath: Individuals who have considerable difficulty in social adjustment, without the traditional lack of intelligence or structural brain disease. Among the symptoms are lack of emotional control, unsatisfactory adjustment to social standards, irresponsibility of characters and impulsiveness. “The psychopath can usually verbalize all the social and moral rules but he does not seem to be able to understand them and to obey them in the way others do.” (Eysenck 54) Fred West characterizes Iago in Shakespeares’ Othello as a psychopath in his article “Iago the Psychopath” because of his manipulations and false honesty, yet his definition overlooks important characteristics such as his failures in relationships, parasitic lifestyle. unreliability and irresponsibility.
Madness and what it causes, an analysis on the basis of the chosen short stories written by Charlotte Gilman and Edgar Allan Poe. Madness has many faces, usually such a state of mind is far from desirable. Person with an unstable mind can cause a havoc in a pragmatic and organized world of ordinary citizens. People build society of certain cultural norms for breaching which an individual faces various consequences. Very few bother to determine if a person while breaking some set of rules is capable of answering for his or her actions or not, today 's average individual suffering from a mob mentality is more keen on finding a scapegoat rather than a just solution.
Mental Illness: Mental illness is a state which is not developmentally or socially normative in nature. It is a significantly deviant thoughts, emotions, cognitions and behaviors which interfere significantly with an individual’s functioning in personal, cognitive, emotional, family, social and vocational area. Abbreviations: Introduction: Mental illness is the major contributor to the global burden of the diseases worldwide. Although mental health is an integral component of total health but still it is largely neglected field. The aim is to know the existing explanations about mental illness among general public.
“Flowers for Algernon” Argumentative Essay Charlie should not have been subject to the experimental surgery in Daniel Keyes’s “Flowers for Algernon.” The operation had many cruel side effects to an isolated social reject with a below-average IQ. Because of his impaired cognitive abilities, Charlie had to face substantial, tangible societal conflicts. Not only did he have disaccord with society, he was used as an experiment; Charlie was a test subject first and a sentient human second. As a genius, Charlie realized the experiment’s folly. Despite Charlie’s strife with society, he was wrongly used for the experiment.
Ken Kesey shows that the line drawn between sanity and insanity is based entirely on individual perception, and it is difficult to determine exactly where that line should be drawn. Minds may be altered through ingestion of prescribed medication, or be substance-free and shaped solely by social norms and values, but in all cases reality is shown to be an entirely subjective experience. The apparently sane reader will be aware at the start that they are reading the narration of someone who is paranoid and delusional, but at some
He presents with many symptoms of psychopathy including his inability to empathize with the ramifications of his actions due to his emotional poverty and lack of empathy, his grandiose self worth and his state of delusion. While Macbeth’s ambition is a key factor in his downfall, his nature as a psychopath
Introduction: Are psychopaths fundamentally different from others and lacking basic attributes such as empathy and guilt essential for a normal personality or is psychopathy on a continuum with normal personality functioning within the general population? Demonstrate whether psychopathy represents the extreme of a continuous characteristic distributed across the general population. Psychopathy is a personality disorder comprising an affective formation, interpersonal and behavioural characteristics including callousness, fearlessness, deceitfulness, grandiosity, impulsiveness, excitement seeking and aggression, among others (Hare & Neumann, 2008). Often it coexists with antisocial behaviour and personality traits, even with substance use, problems such as aggression and impulsivity. However, longstanding debates continue regarding the purview and extend of the concept.
I am thankfully not an expert on cocaine or its use, but a cursory Google search tells me that crack cocaine is just powder cocaine mixed with baking soda. However, what's interesting is how these new laws targeted crack cocaine but not powder cocaine. Well, crack cocaine was an inner-city drug, while powder cocaine was something for the Wall Street lifestyle. Basically, white people chose to use powder cocaine, and powder cocaine doesn't result in nearly the same kind of damaging prison sentences as crack does. Ironically, crack is more frequently used by poorer minority populations due to its
You must know the "nonviolent" offenders populating our prisons are not college students caught with dime bags. They are dangerous people who fall into two classes: those who actually committed nonviolent offenses, and were convicted of those offenses or those who plea-bargained down from other offenses-likely violent offenses-and were convicted of a nonviolent offense. Like other addictive behaviors, drug addiction may have serious negative consequences, including academic failure, job loss, and a breakdown in personal relationships. Here's all you really need to know about so-called nonviolent offenders. In 2004 the Bureau of Justice Statistics studied nonviolent offenders exiting state prisons.
They also tend to be “calloused, externalize blame, and fail to learn from consequences.” (Landfield, 2014) Sociopathy is a subtype of a personality disorder in the DSM-V, but is not a technical term. When the term sociopath is being used, it is usually interchangeable with Antisocial Personality Disorder, but it could also be referring to any other personality disorders as well. The dysfunctional traits that one must have in order to diagnosed with a General Personality Disorder are: “cognition”( skewed ways of perceiving and interpreting self, others, and events), “affectivity” (the low range, intensity, liability, and appropriateness of emotional response), “interpersonal functioning, and impulse control.” (American Psychiatric Association, 2013) These patterns of symptoms may lead to significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. However, a Antisocial personality disorder is described as “failure to conform to social norms and behaviors, deceitfulness, impulsivity or failure to plan ahead, irritability and aggressiveness, reckless disregard to others and self, lack of
If the claim were true, critics contend, the abuse of millions of children over the years should have caused many cases of insanity; but no evidence exists (Piper, 1998). Limitations of this theory include: The fact that the model is based on behaviours that occur during times of separation/stressful situations rather than in non stressful situations (Field,199,p.543); The list of attachment behaviours is limited to those that occur with the primary attachment figure, typically the mother. However, other attachments are not necessarily characterized by those same behaviours" (Field, 1996, p. 544); The last limitations to the attachment model is that the mother is viewed as the primary attachment figure, when in fact, a father or sibling can have the same type of attachment with the infant at the same time. This leads to the last limitation in the attachment model that "attachment is confined to the infancy and early childhood period, ending, as noted by Bowlby, during puberty. It does not consider attachments that occur during adolescence (the first love), during adulthood (spouses and lovers), and during later life (the strong attachments noted between friends in retirement)" (Field, 1996, p. 545).