Additionally, some healthcare professionals can be a major source of stigma which can have a substantially negative impact on well-being, and coping abilities of a patient dealing with addiction. Social Psychologist Valerie Earnshaw, a Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School, focuses her research on the health effects of stigma, specifically how stigma delays recovery. In her article, “Drug Addiction Stigma In The Context Of Methadone Maintenance Therapy: An Investigation Into Understudied Sources Of Stigma,” she states, “For MMT patients, using drugs as a coping strategy for stigma-related stress and negative emotions may have particularly negative consequences on recovery efforts and mental health” (Earnshaw et. al, 112). The research on Methadone addiction related stigma suggests, the multiple sources of stigma can lead patients to find their own unhealthy ways of coping leaving them possibly untreated (Earnshaw et.
Thus, there is no consensus about the treatment methods as while some of the research found that psychotherapy treat the symptoms, some findings illustrate that psychotherapy increase the severity of the disorder. According to Pomerantz (2014), clinical psychologists’ psychotherapy demonstrates a beneficial impact and prolong effect on the patients. However, Rehagen (2016) stated that drug therapy is much more rapid and helpful way than psychotherapy. To illustrate, to treat the physical symptoms of depression like appetite or sleep, urgently these symptoms should be treated by the psychiatrists. Then, the psychotherapy should follow the drug treatment.
Social anxiety disorder can be treated with medication, psychotherapy, or both. A number of medications originally prescribed for the treatment of depression are now being used to treat anxiety disorders. They are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and monoamine oxidase inhibitors. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors act on the brain on a chemical messenger called serotonin; they tend to have fewer side effects than older antidepressants. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are the oldest of the antidepressant medications; phenelzine, the most commonly prescribed MAOI, is helpful for people with panic disorder and social anxiety disorder.
It is like a transmitter in the brain and is important for the signals that it sends to the central nervous system and according to the article I found on Functions of Dopamine, “it is what allows information to be passed from one neuron to another”. (Functions of Dopamine, 2018) Some of the functions of dopamine are; motor activity, cognition, emotion, and reward. There are also disorders that are associated with having a low amount of dopamine such as depression and movement disorders. Some of the more serious disorders are schizophreniz, ADHD, OCD, Tourette’s syndrome, and drug abuse. Then if there is a death of dopamine neurons it causes Parkinson’s disease, where a person is robbed of the ability to have smooth and controlled movements.
Being sad, feeling “down” or being energetic at short-term periods is just part of being human. However, there is a momentous portion of the population that has disturbances in their mood that are not considered normal. Individuals in this group have what is clinically referred to as a “mood disorder”. In clinical settings, according to Dr. Cheryl Lane, PhD (2013), Mood disorder is the alterations in mood or emotion that affects the perception of an individual about the world. (Retrieved from
valsartan, losartan), ACE inhibitors (ex. captopril, lisinopril), "water pills" (diuretics such as furosemide), cyclosporine, desmopressin, corticosteroids (ex. prednisone), fluconazole, lithium, pemetrexed, probenecid, methotrexate, tenofovir • Increased the risk of bleeding when taken with anti-platelet drugs (ex. Clopidogrel) and "blood thinners" (ex. enoxaparin, Dabigatran, warfarin) • Medications containing pain relievers or fever reducers such as aspirin and NSAIDs such as ibuprofen and celecoxib.
THC, which is found in marijuana, helps to regulate the part of the brain that causes fear and anxiety in the brain. • Marijuana has neuroprotective capabilities thus; it helps protect the brain from damage caused by stroke. It does this by lessening the affected area of the stroke. • Marijuana helps to reduce the side effects usually associated with chemotherapy. Side effects such as painful nausea, vomiting, tiredness, and loss of appetite are alleviated by medical marijuana use.
Comparative Study of Lorazepam and Alprazolam as Premedication For Patient Posted For Orthopaedic Surgery. Introduction The main aim of premedication is to allay anxiety, block autonomic reflexes, produce amnesia, facilitate induction of anaesthesia, reduce stress response to anaesthesia and provide analgesia, if necessary. Anxiety of surgery is associated with various neuroendocrine changes1 like elevation of cortisol, epinephrine, growth hormone, and adrenocorticotropic hormone in serum. For anxiolysis and lessen the psychological effects of hospital experiences, prior to anaesthesia, premedication was administered.2 Most commonly, non parenteral route is preferred for initiation of sedation and premedication administration in the clinical
To add, Tramadol can stop or slow breathing when starting using this drug or changing its dose. Dependence can occur even within the normal doses of tramadol. There are numerous drug interactions with tramadol, for example, CNS depressant effect of alcohol are enhanced when used with tramadol. Furthermore, serotonin syndrome can result from the use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors with tramadol as they increase the serotonergic effect of tramadol. Moreover, it is contraindicated in people who have experienced hypersensitivity to tramadol, or opioid analgesics and during monoamine oxidase inhibitor
Criteria of Psychopathology The Webster’s English Dictionary defined Psychopathology as the scientific study of psychological disorders. Psychological disorders, most common to people’s awareness as abnormal behavior is defined by Barlow and Durand (2015), as a psychological dysfunction within an individual that is associated with distress or impairment in functioning and a response that is not atypical or culturally expected; psychological dysfunction basically refers to a breakdown in an individual’s cognitive, emotional and/or behavioral functioning (Stein et. al, 2010). It was observed over time that researchers, clinicians and mental health professionals have put forth their efforts to define and give array of answers as to what makes
Assignment 3: Psychotropic Drug Overview: Antidepressant (7 points = annotated outline) Directions: For this assignment, you will select a psychotropic medication from the classifications of antidepressants or mood stabilizers. Choose a medication likely to be prescribed to clients with whom you are interested in working and/or a medication you would like to know more about. Create an annotated outline/infographic that includes the following: a) The use of the medication in the management of mental health –including DSM-5 code and diagnosis; b) Common side effects and any contraindications; c) Describe the pharmacokinetics of the medication using the acronym ADME to describe the process. ADME stands for: i. absorption (how the drug gets into
One of the objectives of the study is to compare other treatment studies and clinical experience to establish if antidepressants medication decrease depressive episodes. The study shows an update list of approved medications for Bipolar disorder. The approach for antidepressants is controversial, the study reveals the antidepressants benefits in lessening depressive symptoms, but for short-term treatment only. This article, published by Medscape, provide a comprehensive review and clinical information about the topic that help health professionals to maintain an up-to-date
The second type of prescription doctors will give people with GAD, is antidepressants. Yes, these are used for depression but they also help people with anxiety. These medications generally take a longer time to start working on the patient, generally multiple weeks. the third type of treatment for this disorder is cognitive behavior therapy. “It teaches a person different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to situations that help him or her feel less anxious and worried.” (National Institute of Health) These are the two main treatments for Generalized Anxiety
It is well known, that for year’s physicians have prescribed natural and chemical medications to treat many psychological disabilities. Since the 1950’s, depression, a psychological ailment, that has been studied many times over and continues to be debated and studied. Through the use of medications as well as natural and psychological therapies the condition of depression is treated in numerous ways. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) is a form of drugs developed by medical and pharmaceutical companies; the goal of these antidepressant drugs is to target specific brain functions without affecting other cognitive skills and to reduce unwanted effects. As the use of these drugs became more widespread throughout the medical field,