Adolescence In Adulthood

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Adolescence or teenage can be defined as a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. It is a phase of challenging social and biological development. Adolescence is a stage of complete transition where teenagers develop advanced reasoning skills, abstract thinking skills, establish an identity, become comfortable with one’s sexuality and establish intimacy. Out of all the stages of human development, adolescence has a special role in shaping a person’s personality and how they turn out to be as adults. Teenagers have a different concept of self in this phase of development. They try and form an identity for themselves and show increase in independence from family.
According to Erikson (1968), the two main identity questions which emerge during adolescence are “Who am I?” and “What is my place in this world?”. When the person gets an answer to these questions, his identity is formed (Erikson, 1963). According to Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory,
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However, according to some research studies, this notion does not completely hold true. Nataro et al. conducted a research study on African American adolescents to find the effect of family structure, process and father’s involvement on psychosocial behaviour. It was found that parental support, parental monitoring and family conflict play an important role in development of African American adolescents. Family structure is however not related to psychosocial behaviour of African American adolescents. It was also found that the quality of relations affected adolescent behaviour. Results suggested that fathers have a big influence on the child’s development. While a father may be helpful in making their sons avoid unacceptable behaviour whereas in the case of daughters, his presence may decrease instances of psychological
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