Psychoticism: The Theories Of Personality Psychology

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Through the research conducted, I have concluded that the primary reason some people have the characteristics of psychoticism is primarily due to evolutionary influences. Psychoticism, which consists of the following narrower traits: aggressive, egocentric, creative, impulsive, lacking empathy, and antisocial, is one of the three large traits provided by Eysenck (Larsen, Buss, King, & Ensley, 2017). People who score higher on the scale of psychoticism are inclined to have problems handing actuality and could become loners, antagonistic, and uncompassionate (Larsen, Buss, King, & Ensley, 2017). High scorers are often diagnosed with syndromes such as psychopathy and schizophrenia. High scorers are often seen as cold, egocentric, aggressive, and…show more content…
The explanation of individual personality from an evolutionary perspective has brought on findings about the purpose of social data, expressed through ranks on the Big Five personality elements and found in subjects like social worry, anger, unselfishness, and envy, among others (Michalski & Shackelford, 2010). Although there are limitations of the evolutionary theory to personality, it has great steps towards continuing to blend personality and evolutionary studies (Michalski & Shackelford,…show more content…
This theory says that the formation of the dysregulation, often seen in psychoticism, relates to the effects of the novel post-Neolithic social environment (Abed & Abbas, 2011). Although the susceptibility to high scores of psychoticism, including schizophrenia, is likely to be ancient, the schizophrenic and the non-affective psychosis phenotype did not manifest itself until very recently in our species’ history. In other words, the risk of these disorders lay dormant and did not become evident until the post-Neolithic period. The researchers proposed a reformulation of the social brain theory of high scores of psychoticism and contend that psychoticism is a novel human phenomenon that arose following the establishment of large permanent human settlements that accompanied the advent of agriculture and the abandonment of the hunter–gatherer way of life. The researchers have contended that the blurring of the separation between in-group and out-group membership and living near strangers is a stressor that can lead to agitation in the development of the social brain in vulnerable individuals, resulting in a high psychoticism score, and in worse cases, syndromes like schizophrenia. High levels of psychoticism could be described as the result of a mismatch between the post-Neolithic human social environment

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