Type 1 schizophrenia consists of later onset symptoms of positive symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions which Max experiences. People with schizophrenia also demonstrate a decline in verbal and visual memory (Aleman, Hijman, de Haan, & Kahn, 1999; Heinrichs & Zakzanis,1998). Several studies have shown verbal impairment and visual impairment linked to decreased processing speed (Brébion, Bressan, Pilowsky, & David, 2011; Ojeda et al.,2009- 2012). Among people suffering from a mental disorder, in 1965 studies have shown men with schizophrenia have are more likely to commit crimes and violent behavior (Lindqvist and Allebeck 1990; Hodgins 1993; Belfrage 1998). Data from the Epidemiological Catchment Area Study, found that persons with schizophrenia reported behaving violently.
The last theory of the psychodynamic field (Mahler, 1972), refers to fear of abandonment as the central factor in borderline psychopathology. In this case, the mother seems to get overly-involved in child’s natural autonomous attempts to discover the world by withdrawing emotionally when the child acts in an independent manner (phase of separation-individuation), which causes dysphoria and abandonment panic when later the adult faces a seemingly unsolvable
Psychopaths and sociopaths are often able to manage their condition and pass as ordinary citizens. Biological and genetic factors separate these individuals because of social learning and family ties. The social expectations are to be abided by but beliefs, attachment, involvement and commitment can lead someone with mental illnesses in a different direction. The inability to be social or abide by societal rules can cause conflict and lead to harmful situations. In many ways the sociopath deals with the loss of community and do not abide by societal norms.
High levels of narcissism are associated with acting in a self-centered manner, acknowledging it, and not appearing to think or care about the impact that this behavior may have on others (Grafeman et al., 2013). Individuals with narcissistic tendencies may at times exhibit exploitative behaviors such as taking advantage of others or demanding special treatment in efforts to enhance their self-views or simply to indulge their own desires (Soyer et al., 2001). Perception on
Contrary to the commonly held belief, psychopathy is actually very rare. Although, quite a few people exhibit certain psychopathic traits, to be a psychopath one must display a variety of characteristics. Psychopaths have low anxiety, mercilessness, and externalization of blame. A psychopath is dangerous and should be treated as is due to their ability to ignore the law and commit heinous crimes. The behaviors of the typical psychopath share common characteristics and therefore, psychopaths must be considered dangerous.
The myth that such individuals tend to be violent contributes to society’s fear and exclusion of individuals with psychological disorders such as schizophrenia. One result of this fear is a negative attitude, or prejudice, towards such individuals. This prejudice can lead to discrimination in the workforce and other social settings as well as negatively affect the development of relationships for such individuals. Also, the myth that a mentally ill person is unable to hold higher up positions in the workforce and/or be successful in sustaining oneself, can lead to the view that people diagnosed with schizophrenia, for example, should not be trusted with solitary tasks or larger responsibilities. This false viewpoint can inhibit personal growth and confidence in individuals with a psychological disorder.
Personality is one of the main areas of psychology research. Over the years, researchers developed theories trying to explain how people are different and similar. Personality traits were grouped together to be determinants of more general traits such as Extraversion, Agreeableness or Neuroticism. The traits were tested for various correlations. All this to better understand why people behave the way they do and how big impact does the personality have on behaviour.
Narcissism is widely emerging as it has been linked to changes in society. Social norms have become lenient and value for individual freedom has increased which resulted in cultural changes such as an increase in the number of single parents and more opportunities for women and racial minorities (Fukuyama, 1999; Myers, 2000; Seligman, 1990 as cited in Twenge & Foster, 2010). In turn, these larger culture-level changes also affect individuals. In a study, it was found that Americans have embraced more individualistic traits over the past few decades (Twenge & Campbell, 2009). Social media and various technologies were claimed to make people become more self-absorbed and narcissistic which may hinder participating in their communities and having rich
Narcissism is recognized as an inherent self-interest and delusional views toward self that is directed towards satisfying the self from the admiration of one’s own attributes (APA, as cited in Horton et al., 2006). Despite this, narcissism serves as a layer to protect and boost self-esteem; it is identified as a personality trait that is normally distributed (Raskin & Hall, as cited in Horton et al., 2006). Campbell (2009) in his article of Narcissism and Romantic Attraction acknowledged the function of narcissism which is designed to regulate self-esteem. However, Raskin and Hall (as cited in Horton et al., 2006) identified narcissism as pathological once it is on extremely high levels. Narcissists lack the capability to build or create healthy functioning relationships with others (Horton et al., 2006).