Sir Issac Newton and Galileo Galilei were two of the most leading scientist of 17th century. Unfortunately, the two were never able to work together as Issac Newton was born the same year Galileo died, 1642. One thing is for sure, between the two there was a storm of scientific revolution under way. I will begin with the earlier revelations of Galileo. Considered the father of modern science, Galileo made major contributions to the fields of physics, astronomy, cosmology, mathematics and philosophy.
In the pre-Copernican era, geocentrism was the paradigm for astronomers and philosophers. There were some thinkers, such as Aristarchus and Oresme, prior to Copernicus who advocated for heliocentrism or other models. However, the majority of philosophers and scientists held on to the physics and models of Plato, Aristotle, and Ptolemy. Nicholas Copernicus caused the paradigm shift from the idea that the Earth is stationary and central, to the idea that the Earth rotates and revolves around the sun. In De Revolutionibus Orbium Caelestium, Copernicus explains his stance on the shapes, movements, sizes, and positions of celestial objects (Danielson 104).
Galileo Galilei also was in Astronomy and was known for Projectile Motion, Galileo was a confirmed Copernican and given to the concept of circular motion. Galileo 's 'facts ' differed from the traditional data of astronomy in that they were derived from qualitative telescopic observations. Some of the observation data that he collected from the telescope was that the phases of Venus were inexplicable in terms of Ptolemaic cosmology; Ptolemaic scheme no longer viable and the satellites of Jupiter, moving with, and approximately in the same plane as the planet, suggested more than one center of rotation in the solar system and, by analogy, the earth 's rotation around the sun. In his later theory (1632), no force is necessary to keep a body moving on a level (frictionless) plane; a body, as such, has no inclination to move or remain at rest, it is indifferent. Thus, if a body is indifferent to motion, no mover is required to sustain movement once a
Over the course of history, there have been several technologies and theories that have either been altered or restored by advancements in the field of science. These theories and technologies were all developed and invented by renowned philosophers and scientists during the scientific revolution. Two scientists, Isaac Newton and Galileo Galilei both developed their own theories which were used to change old teachings and would eventually revolutionize the world. All these new ideas and innovative technologies replaced previous traditions and shifted the world’s attention resulting into them to have various different reactions. The Earth was always thought of as the center of the universe where everything rotated around it.
The people of medieval Europe also believed each sphere has its own solar system with stars, planets, and sun, and they all orbit around Earth. It wasn’t until Copernicus in the sixteenth century that the idea of the earth revolving around the sun was considered and it wasn’t until the eighteenth century that people started to think that the universe was “infinite in time and space.”( pg.2) According to Christian the modern temporal scales are as intimidating
Later on he presented his findings to the Royal Society, where Astronomer Royal Nevil Maskelyne revealed that it actually had a planet like orbit, and did not seem to possess a tail like a comet would. It was the first new planet to be discovered by scientists. When it finally came time to name the planet, Herschel suggested naming the planet after his patron, King George III, in which it would have translated to Georgium Sidus, or George’s Star. Outside the limits of England, most people did not appreciate that suggestion. Other names suggested included his own last name, and ironically the name Neptune.
He explained intelligent design is usually a hinderance in scientific exploration. Scientists, especially elite scientists, using God as in an answer to scientific problems stops scientific investigation. My critiques with Tyson’s argument pertains to his idea that the 300 year scientific halt in the ancient Middle East is a cause for the lack of prominent Muslim scientists. I believe that it may be a factor but it is no way the reason for only 2 Muslim scientific Nobel Prize winners. All in all, Tyson raised great points about Intelligent Design having negative effects on science
After it was finally accepted and titled, a planet, more research went toward Uranus. It was later discovered that it obtained 27 miniature moons as well as enclosed in 13 faint rings. In addition, Uranus was given the title, “The rolling planet.” due to its unique 98 degree tilt, making the planet appear as if it is rotated on its side, orbiting
“The early solar system was a violent place, and a number of bodies were created … one of these bodies [Theia] crashed into Earth not long after the planet was created.” (Redd, Paragraph 2). According to Newton’s third law, for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction, the action of Theia crashing into Earth had a reaction of throwing vaporized parts of Earth into space. Then, with the help of gravity these particles fused together to create the moon. The Moon having particles from Earth helps to explains why isotopic compositions of oxygen and titanium are present on the Moon ,and therefore Earth, but very sparse in every other rocky body in our solar system. All of this information is why The Giant Impactor Theory is the most accepted theory, in the science community, of how the moon came to
According to the world history book from Bob Jones University, Galileo was a heretic, when it states “When Galileo published his findings, however, he also came into conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, which tried him for heresy.” I think the textbook was accurate in its belief that Galileo was a heretic because the definition of heresy is a “belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious doctrine.” Galileo was an iconoclast because his theory that stated the earth revolved around the sun disagreed with the Roman Catholic Church’s belief of a geocentric galaxy. Galileo was opposed by cardinals, the Roman Catholic Church, philosophers, scholars, and, according to the holy Fathers, the Bible itself. Galileo was a heretic because his discoveries