Leadership and governance (Governance and Health Care Financing) • To strengthen leadership and governance systems, in order to ensure highest standards of transparency and accountability at all levels. (National Health Strategic Plan 2006-10), (National Health Strategic Plan 2011-14) c) Explain how the four approaches of Public health could be used to attain the objectives outlined in b). Public health is the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through organized efforts of society - The Acheson Report (1988) Therefore, the public health approach principles provide a useful framework for investigating and understanding the causes and effects of Health related conditions and for planning there mitigation interventions through primary prevention programmes, policy interventions and advocacy. This public health approach to prevention seeks to improve the health and safety of all individuals by addressing underlying risk factors that increase the likelihood that an individual will become vulnerable to these health conditions. The approach consists of four steps: 1.
One of the main techniques suggested by the World Health Organisation to prevent TB is the Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilisation approach (WHO 2007:1). It is defined by three strategies: firstly, the call for advocacy by non-governmental agencies on individual governments to improve their work on TB prevention (rather than by treating TB once it has erupted). Advocacy aims to keep the issue of TB on the table of health departments. Secondly, it argues that communication is critical for how populations can be alerted to the issue of TB and educated about how transmission takes place. By educating the public through channels of communication that the public can access and understand, behaviour around TB can be changed.
Identification of Concepts/Theories 1. Concepts • Public Health Management can defined as set of activities which are planning (very important) and decision making, organizing (continous) ,leading and controlling that are directed at an organization resources such as human, financial, physical and information. This concept of management helps us understand the structure and operations of the health system and provide an opportunity to manage the complex nature of the health systems and rationale for quality management of the needed resources. • The concept of strategic management which is a set of managerial decisions and actions that determines the long-run performance of an organization such as FHI360 etc which includes internal and external environment scanning; strategy formulation, strategy implementation and ;evaluation and control. The concept helps to
of radiology is to obtain images which are adequate for the clinical purpose with minimum radiation dose to the patient. If optimum performance is to be achieved, assessment of image quality must be made to balance against patient dose. X-rays are known to cause malignancies, skin damage and other side effects and therefore are potentially dangerous. It is therefore essential and mandatory to reduce the radiation dose to patients in diagnostic radiology to the barest minimum (Watkinson, Moore’s., 1984). Radiographers are technologist who create and analyze the x-ray image.
The model explains the factors that motivate individuals to engage in behaviour for a healthy living. The health belief model proposes that a person 's health-related behaviour depends on the person 's perception of four critical areas: 1. the severity of a potential illness, 2. the person 's susceptibility to that illness, 3. the benefits of taking a preventive action, and 4. the barriers to taking that action. • The model postulates that health-seeking behaviour is influenced by a person’s perception of a threat posed by a health problem and the value associated with actions aimed at reducing the threat. • HBM addresses the relationship between a person’s beliefs and behaviors. It provides a way to understanding and predicting how clients will behave in relation to their health and how they will comply with health care therapies.
We used PHM (the public health model) as a guide to solve and reduce these issues. The PHM is a broad-based biopsychosocial model emphasizing prevention from primary to tertiary prevention. Primary prevention are applied when an individuals are at risk of involving in misbehaviour activity before the behavior has occured. Secondary prevention refers to programs that attempt to rehabilitate youth who have shown early indications of problem behavior. Tertiary prevention refers to “treatment approaches for the chronic, serious offenders for whom secondary treatment strategies are deemed inappropriate.
1. INTRODUCTION OF THE REFLECTION Reflection is mindful, deliberate consideration to scrutinize one’s thoughts and actions in order to better oneself. (Donovan, 2006) In this reflection, I will be discussing a particular positive health behavior I would like to implement in my life, and the results of different interventions I pilot-tested. The flow of the reflection starts with describing the positive behavior change with rationale, interventions I took, how I felt, evaluation and analysis of interventions, a summary of what I have learnt about behavioral change, and lastly, what I plan to do if I encounter a similar situation. According to Bagay (2012), life-long reflection aids in nurses’ growth and improves patient care.
It focuses on the number of people exposed, and the potential for spread within the community to enable implementation of appropriate actions to prevent additional cases or recurrences of the disease. (Brownson, 2011) Application - Epidemiology provides useful scientific basis for prevention of diseases and injury and the promotion of health. (Soph.uab.edu, 2016) Roles of epidemiology Epidemiology is considered a tool for collecting data that enable public health surveillance, disease investigation, analytic studies and program evaluation. Public Health Surveillance Public health surveillance is essential for rapid detection investigation and identification of disease outbreaks. The common source of surveillance data is reports of disease cases received from health-care providers and from communities.
What are the pros and cons of this approach? 3. Describe three recommended contact measures that Health care providers (HCPs) can use during an outbreak of food–borne illness, and the benefits of following these measures during an outbreak? 4. Discuss three control measures for MRSA in the healthcare setting and why these measures are important?
I believe that the key issue is to attain evidence-based study to ensure the vaccine safety and effectiveness for both HCW and patients. Therefore, when making a decision on whether or not to adopt a mandatory flu vaccine policy, health care workers would consider carefully about the state law, employment contract about the issue, and whether you have a legal right to an exemption from the policy
The first article was a summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. In the article, there was an introduction on what HIPAA meant and its importance. First off, HIPAA stands for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and it is a disclosure of patient information so that it is protected from unknown individuals and to assure that health providers abide by the privacy rule. Some key facts about HIPAA were, who was covered, what information is protected, and administrative requirements. Noncompliance and criminal penalties were some of the critical issues found in the article.
Being in the public health field and specifically focusing on health promotion, I believe this website is a great source of where the problems of different health risk are happening around the country. As a health professional, my job is to take that data and find a way to prevent the health risk and behavioral risk from
The purpose of my health assessment is to access ways to get the DHOH people involved in their health finding solutions. In the need to address communication barriers and reduce CVD through the implementations of future public health policies with the help of various stakeholders in making permanent social changes (Minkler, & Wallerstein, 2008). Health Assessment Questions Question 1: What social changes are you trying to achieve from the dataset proposed in your premise? Question 2: Who are your target stakeholders that the dataset is of interest too? Question 3: Will your dataset help address or explain the main frustrations with the health care system in treating DHOH people with CVD-related diseases?