Public Sector Governance

1293 Words6 Pages
Conceptual Background
The conceptual background to public sector governance is traced in the underpinnings of good governance and New Public Management- NPM. As an approach to public management, NPM emerged in the 1980s as an alternative to traditional public administration which had failed to deliver the public good because it had been proved to be ineffective, sluggish and very costly (Gumede & Dipholo, 2014). Prior to prior the emergence of NPM paradigm, public administration was seen as the most rational avenue for managing the affairs of the public. However, Osborne and Gaebler (1992) opine that there was a need to reinvent government and harness the entrepreneurial spirit to transform the public sector and later “banish the bureaucracy”.
…show more content…
Both accountability and transparency are inseparable from NPM and good governance. In this study, the two were investigated as the independent variables. Since the overall objectives of public sector governance are to enhance service delivery in the public sector, this study investigated them in terms of Effectiveness and Sustainability. These constituted the dependent variable under investigation. This study was conceptualised on the theoretical belief that the introduction of public sector governance was responsible for the service delivery situation in MoFA. In other words, it was assumed that the Independent Variable affected the Dependent Variable thus affecting service…show more content…
In the inaugural speech after taking over power, President Yoweri Museveni referred to it as “…a fundamental change”. Since then, several political, administrative and technical interventions have been designed to entrench public sector governance as an administrative intervention for good governance. These interventions have since resulted into a number of public sector reforms. The public sector reforms were largely propelled by a number of factors that included governance failures, endemic corruption, nepotism, and bureaucratic delays. The World Bank, through its Structural Adjustment Programmes -SAPs recommended four interventions in public sector governance: a) Public sector management reforms emphasizing the need for effective financial and human resource management through improved budgeting, accounting and reporting and rotting out inefficiency particularly in public enterprises (through restructuring); b) Accountability in public services, including effective accounting, auditing, and decentralization and generally making public officials responsible for their actions and responsive to consumers; c) A predictable legal framework with rules known and a reliable and independent judiciary and law enforcement mechanisms and d) Availability of information and transparency in order to enhance policy analysis, promote

More about Public Sector Governance

Open Document