The novel scarlet letter was written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. He wanted to expose the immorality that was committed by two parents of a daughter called Pearl. Nathaniel's novel explores the hypocrisy in puritan societies. The novel tells a story of Hester Prynne and her daughter. Hester having committed adultery and tries all what she can so as to ensure that she live of repentance and dignity.
However, crimes are committed whilst in prison, such as drugs and assaults. Some critics say the ‘three strikes and you are out’ law where repeat offenders get a longer sentence are wrong, as the third strike could be a lesser crime such as public disorder. Nevertheless, if just incapacitation and no rehabilitation some critics say will be costlier to society as they will go out and reoffend and, they are not employed and pay taxes. Rehabilitation is also a punishment which should improve the offender's behaviour and stop them committing crimes. Advocates of rehabilitation state prison does not work; however, critics of rehabilitation state prison does work as the criminal cannot commit a crime against the public while incarcerated (Cavadino, 2007 p 36/56).
However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty. In fact, this argument is supported by the many cases of malicious prosecutions and mistaken identities. The differences The due process model is pegged on the belief that it would be better if a criminal found innocent goes free rather than have one innocent person in jail. On the other hand, the crime control model argues that it is better to have a innocent person detained, questioned, tried and found innocent then let free than have a society full of criminals roaming
Selling and distributing the drug would still be a criminal offense. It could mean rehabilitation, a fine of however much the state decides on the convicted, this means less incarceration for drug users and addicts. Countries such as the Netherlands, Switzerland, England and Italy have controlled both drugs and crime, whereas in the United States harshly punitive programs have increased the supply of both crime and drug use. Considering these harsh consequences, this is part of the reason why so many are incarcerated in the U.S. 46.2% of the population of people incarcerated at the moment is for drug offenses. Although not intended for legalization, decriminalization can
Why We Punish & Different Ways Criminals are Punished Why does the criminal justice system of America punish criminals? The answer lies in the words “justice.” The term justice can be interpreted in many ways. Criminals are punished to: make people abide the laws of their country and state, put an end to illegal activity that could be harmful to themselves or the community, protect the public from evil, prevent crime from rising in certain areas. These are just some of the reasons why criminals are punished. There are also different approaches to punishing criminals such as: sentences that fit the crime, community service, the death penalty, and rehabilitation.
In his novel“The Scarlet Letter the symbolic significance of the Scarlet Letter, Dimmesdale and Pearl to contribute to the theme of guilt. First, Hawthorne uses the symbol of the Scarlet Letter to contribute to his theme of guilt. He makes the Scarlet Letter stand for secret sin like Hester’s. Her scarlet letter stands for her sin of adultery. She is led by Beadle and publicly shamed for her sin.
Hester’s sin not only affects herself, but also affects many other characters including the Puritans, Roger Chillingworth, Arthur Dimmesdale and her daughter Pearl. Hester’s sin leads other characters to commit their own sins. Nathaniel Hawthorne uses The Scarlet Letter as clear testament to the effects of sin. The Puritans in Boston are painted as judgmental and intolerant people. Consequently, in the Puritan’s
“Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue.” ― Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nature. A woman, in the eyes of the Puritans, due to her unvirtuous act, was given an unbeautiful gift. They believe she was given a demon child for her sin. Living in a strict Puritan town in the 1800’s, Hester Prynne, a transcendentalist, is forced to wear a scarlet letter on her chest for the rest of her life as punishment for her sin of adultery. Because Hester is a Puritan, she understands that she participated in a horrible sin and can never be forgiven.
The Scarlet Letter by Nathanial Hawthorne utilizes the scarlet letter as a symbol of punishment for Hester Prynne's sin and the ability of redemption. The scarlet "A" has many different meanings that can help and hinder the overall message. Firstly, the scarlet letter on Hester's garments symbolizes Hester's adultery and her sin in the Puritan Community, but she embroiders it with gold thread to show the possibility for beauty to emerge from her sin. She wears the letter constantly as punishment and a reminder for her sin. As the novel progresses, the letter turns Hester into an advocate for Puritan Society, because she becomes more involved in the community.
4.5 Negative effects of incarceration As past researches had illustrated that incarceration did help on decresing crime rate and suppress one’s criminality. The school of Crime and some researchers had demonstrated that incarceration might boost one’s criminality and the risk of re-offending. Besides, imprisonment may be psychologically harmful to mentally disordered prisoner as well. “Prions Do Not Reduce Recidivism: The High Cost of Ignoring Science” has mentioned that while prison is might seen as a offenders condensed community, prisoners group together and share their pains of being imprioned, thus, shaping or reinforcing their attitudes of crime and violence. Additionally, reinforce and enhance prisoner’s criminality overwhelmingly as they are strongly connected to criminal thoughts and antisocial attitudes; These supported the thesis of the ‘School of crime’, which incarceration enhance prisoner’s criminality (Cullen, Jonson& Nagin, 2011).
He said: “There is plenty of evidence that [increasing penalties] ... does not deter offenders, complicates and adds to the expense of criminal proceedings and requires courts to act unjustly.” Most offenders act impulsively, and not rationally. In the case of king hit attacks, many offenders are under the influence of alcohol or drugs. A legislation that increases the mandatory minimum sentence is unfair when applied to an offender who acted impulsively, and who is not likely to reoffend. This may cause a public outcry against injustice. According to Lake Macquarie Member of Parliament Greg Piper, there is a possibility of unjust sentencing that originates from the introduction of new sentencing laws, he said: “This could be somebody who, just for want of being in the wrong place at the wrong time and just defending themselves or defending a friend, has been found technically guilty of this assault that’s caused death and gets an eight year minimum sentence.
Public shaming is an alternative to incarceration because it is an act of specific deterrence, in that an individual would be deterred from committing the crime again due to being humiliated. Home confinement and electronic monitoring are another possible alternative to incarceration. Home confinement reduces the cost of housing the specific individual in state and federal prisons. Electronic monitoring would allow the offenders to work while they serve out their time which again, would reduce the prison populations. Boot camps are another option for alternatives to incarceration.
I believe that marijuana should be legal for recreational purposes in the United States. This is because it would provide the United States many benefits if we were to make it legal, and the fact that it actually hurts us as a country by having marijuana illegal. If we were to make it legal, it would make the economy better. It would also bring down crime and get many people out of prison. In addition to this, it would also undo injustices done in the past.