Also, John Locke, one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers, founded his social contract. This talks about the relation between state and individual. He suggested that state have authority over individual. Additionally, because of the differences in causes and people’s attitude toward the society, the effect of the Enlightenment is more influential than that of Romanticism. Although Enlightenment didn’t fully change the form of society, it make a huge progress in the development of human being and set the basic theory for the future revolution in American, French and many other countries.
However, like many great people, their good deeds shadow their bad deeds. The article is a collection of what philosophy was about and also shows the pros and cons of his thoughts of Enlightenment. The body tries to balance the contrasting elements in Voltaire’s philosophy in contrast, source 2 which only focuses on Voltaire’s originality. For example the source (3) mentions how he enlightened many about the feudal system that oppressed them, and how there should be more interest in the people rather than the monarchy. The author of the source further cites a contrasting view by mentioning that Voltaire believed that the black race was inferior to the white race.
The growing equality becomes a presupposition of individualism and isolation, but despite this inevitable growth of equality, individualism and isolation can be minimized. Tocqueville provided an analysis of how citizens can prevent equality from evolving into a high degree of isolation. Tocqueville analyzed and compared America 's democratic society and Europe 's aristocratic society. In Europe, men remained in a fixed state and class; some men held greater influence and power over others. There was a formal social hierarchy where "a man almost always knows his
While the choice of whether to remain loyal to the crown or join the revolution became popular in the late eighteenth century, two men, Jonathan Boucher and Thomas Paine, decided to voice their beliefs and later became well known for their arguments. Though Boucher stated strong points about why remaining loyal to Great Britain was the correct choice, Paine’s argument was more appealing because he clarified that America would offer various inviting benefits that Britain was not able to provide. Paine compelled people because of the clarity in his argument. He avoided utilizing language that people were incapable of understanding, and he made his points sound appealing by using “a new style of political writing” (#31, p.95). Paine informed
One of the main concepts of this paper is intellectualism. Intellectualism is characterized by two spheres; one of intellect and the other intelligence. Although these words are similar in origin and appearance, it is only when they are examined internally that the difference is made known. The article, Anti-Intellectualism in American Life by Richard Hofstadter (1963) explains, “Intelligence is an excellence of mind that is employed within a fairly narrow, immediate and predictable range... Intelligence works within the framework of limited but clearly stated goals, and may be quick to shear away questions of thought that do not seem to help in reaching them. Intellect, on the other hand, is the critical, creative, and contemplative side of mind.
While the two lived and wrote at the same time, contributing to the founding of the United States; the differential weight they carried in terms of their literature was vital to the Declaration. In Paine 's Common Sense, he begins to argue the case of American independence from Great Britain. Paine also has the notion of government being a necessary evil, keeping the vices of man in check. He argues the hereditary succession is bad; man being born into a world of equality. Paine states that hereditary succession brings incompetent kings, corruption, and civil
Penelope Brown and Stephen Levinson are considered the first two who formulated the Politeness theory in 1987. There are considerable perspectives about the nature and scope of the Politeness theory .Leech (1980) writes that politeness is “strategic conflict avoidance”. Watts (2003) says that Politeness is “a set of strategies to achieve social goals with a minimum of social friction”. Mills (2003) points out that Politeness is “the expression of the speakers’ intention to mitigate face threats carried by certain face threatening acts toward another”. Another point of view hold in the 18th century is that Politeness has been used to distinguish one social class from another and it was used to exclude members of the upcoming commercial class access to positions of wealth and power.
Culture is the building block for life. It sets society's standards, it sets our own standards, and everything we know is all because of our culture. Culture is a way of thinking, a way of behaving and learning. We express our opinions based upon our beliefs, and define ourselves by what aspects of our culture we choose to show. Culture's impact on someone's perspective of others and the world is greater than its other influencers because it can change how you interact with people, your ability to change, and your opinions of the world.
The model of communication is valued so much, in out cultural moment because, we have moved forward from the ideology of being told exactly what to do and focusing only on the outcome. We’ve now shifted to the belief of making sure those who have a hand in the outcome, also see a personal outcome within themselves and their team. The modern culture is more based on human experience because it’s believed that is goes hand in hand with productivity and helps not only make the experience of the worker better but is also used as a motivation tool. Along with that is the impact social influence has on todays society. The reason as to why social influence is valued so much is because we live in a society where there is a constant need to belong and the only way to really belong is through conforming to the norms seen by these social influences.
In my research, I would like to explore its importance on the actual society and how people can change their lives through the liberty. The main focus of my paper will be the analyses of my primary sources and the impact the authors had in people’s life. I want to investigate the main concepts of liberty and its power, when for many times people have to resist the pressure established by the government and succeeding by doing people own ideas and beliefs. By thinking critically and tired to see people not following their own beliefs, both authors emphasized their works in the process of improving people’s lives for the