During the process of creating a social contract, the people exchange their freedom and natural rights for a stable state, thus giving the sovereign the ability to enact laws. Many believe that the modern day executive branch fulfills the role of Locke’s sovereign, and is responsible for protecting public interests i.e. the natural rights of the people, despite the lack of specific legislation . According to Locke’s theory a law created by the sovereign is only valid if it is related to an individuals natural rights of life, freedom and property. Thus the law “you will not stand on the blood of your neighbor” is valid because it protects the natural right that an individual has to life.
PUBLIC TRUST DOCTRINE: The doctrine of public trust was developed by the ancient Roman empire. The doctrine primarily rests on the principle of certain natural resources like air, sea, waters being of prime importance to people and hence cannot be made subject of private ownership. They are natural gifts and thus should be freely available to everyone irrespective of their financial, social, political status. It puts an obligation upon government to protect the resources for the purpose of impartial and unbiased enjoyment of the general public rather than to permit it for private ownership or personal purposes. Public Trust Doctrine serves two purposes.
This convention recognizes the importance of protecting the history of the world through heritage and the irreplaceable importance it holds to future generations, indigenous people and human culture as a whole. This foundation is much like World heritage species’ which protects species of the world with ‘outstanding universal value.’ In achieving this, the concept utilizes already existing conventions to improve its effectiveness. In so doing, there is not the creation of a convention with little real life application and the work of the convention can thus truly be accomplished. In some cases, protecting the species might not be as clear-cut as it may seem, since some species require more effort in providing effective protection like the Bwindi Mountain Gorilla which because of a large number of person living in and around the habitat, conservation efforts are a challenge. However, the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organization’s Programme on Man and Biosphere provides for ‘biosphere reserves’ which provides a sustainable way based on scientific research to conserve the
Specifically, advantages related to the conservation of Earth’s biodiversity, an idea that copes with the diminishment and discrimination towards Indigenous Peoples. According to information posted by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), there is a correlation between the geographical distribution of Indigenous Peoples and areas of high biodiversity. Because all Indigenous Peoples’ aspects of society share a relationship with their traditional lands, this results in a sense of responsibility for preserving traditional lands for use by future generations. In Central America, the Amazon Basin, Asia, North America, Australia, Asia and North Africa, the physical and cultural survival of Indigenous Peoples depend on the protection of natural resources (OHCHR). However, the value of Indigenous Peoples does not only comes from their worship and protection to Earth’s natural resources, but most importantly, from their knowledge, practices, and traditions in relation to mother nature.
Consequently, in their quest to achieve their legitimate socio-economic living, the well-being of the environment and its resources should not be relegated to the background but a reasonable balance. According to Kates et al (2005), the Brundtland Report sought to strike a balance between socio-economic development on one hand, and environmental
RIGHT TO LIFE: The most important ingredient of Article 21 is the expression 'Life'. Right to life under Article 21 is something more than mere survival or animal existence. It is something more than mere breathing. The Hon’ble Supreme Court has held in Francis Coralie Mullin v. Union Territory that right to life would include the right to live with human dignity. With this interpretation given to Article 21, the door was made open for various kinds of rights which will have to be read into the Right to life with human dignity.
And the aim of ecotourism is building a harmonious relationship between human society and nature. When tourists enjoy the natural ecology, they also regard themselves as part of the natural ecosystem. These are the most fundamental differences between Eco-tourism and traditional tourism. Part two: questions sets Question 1: pp.68 Opened-end question: Why are category Ⅱ、Ⅲ protected areas the most important ecotourism
Saving wildlife and wilderness is the responsibility of all thinking people. Greed and personal gain must not be permitted to decimate, despoil and destroy the earth’s irreplaceable treasure for its existence is essential to the human spirit and the well-being of the earth as a whole. All life has just one home the earth and we as the dominant species must take care of
Gave full priority to the Environmental Aspect also. Pakistan also poses an Environmental Sector in its political level. Ministers of Environment and forest are there to make the sustainable decision and pose a legal board to make rules and regulation. PSO have been adapted the Environmental Management system in their specific area. They have been implemented and adapted other international standards in order to meet the activities and operations in sustainable way without giving harm to environment.
Way back in 1992, the UN Conference on Environment and Development also acknowledged that population growth, rising income levels, changing technologies, and increasing consumption will all have adverse impacts on the environment. Ensuring that there is no further deterioration is dependent upon the choices made by the population about family size, lifestyles, environmental protection, and equity. Availability of appropriate technology and commitment towards ensuring sustainable development is increasing throughout the world. India must take heed of this now, as it can initiate steps to check that the natural carrying capacity of the environment is not damaged beyond recovery and the ecological balance is, to a large extent,