Conflicts, such as man versus nature, man versus man, and man versus self, are used in these plays. Both plays teach a valuable lesson. Oedipus and Macbeth are kings who take a challenge that can define their future due to inadequacies within themselves. However, with the major difference that one act willingly and with full responsibility for his deed and the other fails because of admiration but mostly because of destiny. Both Oedipus and Macbeth were confronted and destroyed by a set of circumstances, Oedipus by fate and Macbeth by the witches and their prophecies.
Kolin observes that Iago stands out among Shakespearean villains since he is the only one to survive his own monstrous acts (25). Unlike Richard III, apart from telling stories, Iago carries out a downright fraud through other means of manipulation, which makes him the most evil and intelligent character. To be exact, Iago is a puppeteer who sets up scenes to deceive the “credulous fools”—Othello, Cassio and Desdemona (4.1.45). Iago talks to Cassio about Bianca while telling Othello that the subject of their conversation is the Moor’s wife. He is so smart and careful that he even gestures Othello to come closer when Cassio is about to illustrate how Bianca entangles him.
John Proctor, the protagonist of The Crucible, qualifies as a tragic hero because he has a tragic flaw, is ethically superior to the other characters in the play, and struggles to find peace with himself in midst of the lies and chaos during this play. John Proctor possesses a tragic flaw that forces him to hide his prideful mistake, which eventually brings about his downfall. I guess the old saying is true, “Pride comes before the fall”. John Proctor’s tragic flaw is his excessive pride, and he expresses it abundantly throughout the play. In Act I, it states, “ Proctor: Abby, I may think of you softly from time to time.
Twelfth Night is a play about confusion, love triangles, and goofing around. A Midsummer Night’s Dream is a play about love, humor, and fairies that can alter feelings quite easily. Shakespeare had to use irony as a very big element in both comedies. The use of irony creates confusion which illustrates Shakespeare’s point about the madness of love and how messy life can get. In Twelfth Night dramatic irony was used as comic relief and to help the audience understand how the love triangle worked.
Chris Wiley, in his essay, “Fooling Around: The Court Jesters of Shakespeare” divides the fools into three categories: ‘Clowns’, who turn farce into precise science, ‘Dunces’, who use their lack of intelligence as the medium of human and the princes of fooling, and ‘court jesters’ who turn fooling around into a respectable position. He calls the jester, a ‘restrained down” and an “educated dunces”. Critic Roger Ellis has observed that the fools were frequently given the reign to comment on society and their action changes the social view, Shakespearean fools demonstrate a subversive potential. Critic Roberta Mullini argued that such characters can be constructed as disrupting the traditional
Juliet has also noticed how quickly Romeo falls in love. “It is too rash, too unadvised, too sudden; too like the lightning, which doth cease to be…”(Shakespeare, p. 975). Juliet feels like they are moving much faster than they should be. Despite popular belief I feel like Friar Laurence is not responsible for the deaths of Romeo and Juliet. He was good at heart.
The tragedy of Othello written by William Shakespeare presents the main character Othello as a respectable, honorable, and dignified man. However, because of his insecurities and good nature he is easily taken advantage of and manipulated by his alleged friends. Shakespeare is known for his exceptional ability to compose plays full of deceit, revenge, and jealousy. Jealousy is an underlying theme throughout the tragedy and has been represented by many of the main characters, such as Iago, Roderigo, and Othello. The topic of jealousy will ultimately lead to the demise of many characters throughout the tragedy.
Three of them who made use of it are Claudius, Laertes, and Hamlet. The characters’ motivations for being deceptive differ, but the act of trickery does not. In many ways, we can see how Shakespeare was fascinated by deception and the way it could drive a story. The first and arguably the most obvious user of deception is King Claudius. To start off his trickery, his entire title and position was gained with mischievous ways.
In Hamlet, Shakespeare uses many references to sanity and insanity. Throughout the play, Hamlet goes back and forth between sanity and insanity, whether pretending to be insane just to mess with those he does not like or to save himself from getting in trouble. Hamlet is actually one of the smartest characters in the play, which is why he can pull off acting crazy so well. Shakespeare uses this idea of sanity and insanity to help the plot change and take a different directions. One of the most discussed topics of the Hamlet is whether Hamlet is insane or if he was just pretending the whole time.
Hamlet is a sort of amalgamation of the two, a bundle of contradictions thrown together into one conflicting but very human mess of a character. The quote, "We admire Hamlet as much for his weaknesses as for his strengths", aptly describes my feelings towards this troubled young prince. It is simply impossible to characterise Hamlet as good or bad, strong or weak. It is my aim to show the depth of Hamlet 's personality and to explain to the best of my ability the traits which make him who he is. Hamlet is the neither the hero nor the villain of his story- he is simply a victim, a young man slowly losing his grip on sanity over the course of the play.