The Puritan colonies in America were characterized by rigid standards in both the church and state. They had to be harsh and possess perseverance in order to survive in the New World. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter has preserved in literature a certain perspective as to the harsh Puritan judgement and lives we believed them to have lived. While Hawthorne includes historical details and settings in his book, he does take liberties in his fictional story of the justice system and punishments used by the Puritans. The Puritan colonies in New England were characterized by a church centered society.
The Puritan religion is much of what caused these persecutions and the insecurities behind them. Originally, the the Puritans were an oppressed group of Protestants that came from England, in hope of living a life free of religious persecution at the hands of those who went against their own religion. Ironically, the Puritans created colonies with strong laws and laws which strongly punished any whom did not follow them. As Marilyn J Westerkamp states in The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, “the civil law protected the system more than the individual” (574) Above all, the Puritans were focused on “[making] all interests, social and political, contribute to the maintenance and advancement” (Osgood 1). This included the topic of sin and how to rid the world of it.
Sin is a prevalent theme throughout Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel The Scarlet Letter. The main character, Hester Pryne’s sin of adultery instigates the entire novel. The novel follows Hester’s journey in dealing with her sin in a strict Puritan town. Nathaniel Hawthorne provides an example of how someone’s sin can affect many individuals. Hester’s sin not only affects herself, but also affects many other characters including the Puritans, Roger Chillingworth, Arthur Dimmesdale and her daughter Pearl.
This is essential to democracy because religion fortifies the spirit of people. Religion is a moral compass that dictates what a person should and should not do. Moreover, the Declaration allows people to teach their religion to others, which strengthens the bonds between souls. Therefore, freedom to pass down and educate about personal beliefs allows societies to flourish. Furthermore, freedom of speech is a right given to people.
Hawthorne then follows his beliefs expressed in his introduction when he displays how members of the Puritan Society treat Hester for going against the beliefs of their conservative views. As seen when Hawthorne states, “ that the mildest and severest acts of public discipline were alike made venerable and awful”(76). This description of Puritan discipline mirrors Hawthorne’s belief that Puritan Culture was so narrow-minded that all sins against their religion were treated so harshly that nobody was able to express any freedom of speech or
Moreover, he uses pathos because the puritans basically based their society on faith, they reached their emotional level because the puritans god was a vengeful god and they feared him. He tries to convince puritans to be a good example, and desires other towns to look upon theirs as an idolatry Puritan community. He uses persuasive diction and figures of speech to reinforce his idea of a “city upon a hill”, which is having absolute unity and conformity in able for the colony to prosper. Finally, in Patrick Henry speech, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!”, wants for people to go to the war, so they won’t be seen as somebody weak, he goes for that we go to war not for the love of bloodshed but to prove them their strength than they think. In other words, he wanted the people to feel good about their troops and what they need in life.
Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners Background The Christian Society for the Reformation of Manners originated during the reign of Charles II., which was marked by the rise of religious societies. Their initial philosophy was to fight the growth of popery in England, however after the Glorious revolution they expanded their notion and began to battle irreligion (Primer, p. 66, 1975). At that time, it was a widespread believe that economic activity unless strictly limited would severely danger the life of virtuous citizens (Horne, Introduction, 1978). English men were often urgently warned to constrain their habits due to the punishment that could be imposed by God (Goldsmith, p.1, 1985). This is linked to the views of the Society for the Reformation of Manners who believed that God didn’t focus on individuals but more often on the entire nation, therefore individual misbehaving in the sense of excessive consumption, envy, pride, prostitution, avarice and luxury would attract God’s wrath (Goldsmith, p. 4, 1985).
Similarly, in The Scarlet Letter, the main character Hester Prynne is an adulterer in a Puritan society that outcasts her after she was driven into another mans arms by her neglectful husband. Each of these characters are similar in their pursuit of independence in their individual circumstances, but they have many notable physical and societal differences. Respect is an attribute that must be earned by each person,
Many people die in the village after a series of lies and unjust practices. Abigail’s Williams, after having had an affair with John, begins with this cycle of lies to make her feel more important in Salem to feel wanted or even feel as if she was needed. Her character includes both superiority and resentment throughout the play so far and the way she shoes that she is rebelling against the compressed
Maududi emphasized fear which the islamic values and tradition will extinct because of the western secular influence. The goal of Maududi was to mobilize all the islamic community for the propaganda war against the western civilization. Boko Haram says as Mawdudin suggests, that their ideology and political goals are the will of the God. EU, USA and United Nations are automatically their enemy bacause their laws support western philosophy, values and basic political rights. They often describe western society as a bordel and that the western countries deny the existence of God (Paul 2005,