John Smith was the leader of Jamestown. William Bradford was the leader of the Plymouth Plantation. Both colonies are very similar but very different and it is very interesting to see how they differentiate. The Plymouth Plantation was a group of people that came over to America from Great Britain to have freedom of religion. They believed that everything that has been happening was already destined by god.
Declaratory Act The British colonies and America were bristling under the rule of Britain. They thought the rules and regulations of their government were unfair and left little behind to develop the respective countries. Britain implemented many Acts, including the Declaratory Act, during this time in the 1700s. The colonists eventually boycott them due to their severity. As such, many fought against such Acts, as they did the Stamp Act, which was eventually overturned.
Puritans had self-government. They made rules for themselves, religion effected a very large part of the government for example only male church members could vote or be part of the government. In the middle colonies, it wasn’t only dominated by one religion which gave into more liberal attitudes and religious freedom. In colonies such as New York and New Jersey which were royal colonies, the governor was chosen by the British government. In Proprietary colonies, the proprietors had the right to choose the governor.
This took away many diseases that the new settlers had never been exposed to (pg. 58). Their laws were heavily rendered from the Bible. Being Puritans, they sought to reform the Church of England. They did this through strict laws and harsh punishment.
However, any extra that was produced went to the community. Many colonies believed that wealth was a sin, but eventually they turned to individual farms and providing for themselves. In 1624, William Bradford made each family responsible for their own land and crops. This was a huge change for the New England
in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Whereas in Jamestown, there were wealthy landowners of the tidewater region who were not responsive to the needs of the desperate poor. This led to Bacon’s Rebellion, a gang of impoverished and landless former servants attacked the capital of the colony and plundered the homes of the wealthy. Both colonies constituted a successful form of government; however, both governments were carried out in dissimilar ways. The establishment of two primitive English colonies, Jamestown and Massachusetts Bay Colony had many homogeneous attributes and differences.
In the mid-1600s, the New England Puritans had a vision: they were to create the perfect Christian church and settlement, one that was made according to their interpretation of the original church Jesus had visualized. They were a very religious group and wanted to build a place of refuge for themselves. Unlike the colonist of the Chesapeake Bay colonies, they did not immigrate to make a fortune. The main reason the Puritans traveled to America was because they wanted to build a “City Upon a Hill”, since they were persecuted in England for their beliefs. From the 1630s to the 1660s, the Puritan’s beliefs greatly influenced the political, economical, and social development of the New England colonies.
The British Colonists arrived in America after spending all of their lives under the rule of king. This life was very restricted for most of the colonists, as they had to succumb to the laws, rules, and national religion stated by the aristocrat rulers. When they saw and heard about how the Natives were worshipping which ever religion they wished and how they were not burdened by the rules of faraway leaders, they were inspired by their freedom and opportunities . Additionally, there was a clear divide between gender and class in English society at this time. Native Americans ideas of equality and liberty seemed to influence many of the European philosophers, and later some of the inclusions into the Bill of Rights .
During the Elizabethan Era, the rulers had a strong impact on the people’s religious beliefs, as opposed to today, we have religious freedom. The most widely practiced religion was the Church of England (also referred to as the New Religion or the Established Church) which was the established state religion decided by the queen. The New Religion was a sort of settlement between the two religions of Catholicism and Protestantism. Queen Elizabeth I was the leader of the Church of England. When Queen Elizabeth was excommunicated from the Catholic Church, she decided that anyone who didn't agree with her beliefs could be considered a traitor and would be executed.
This contrasts sharply with the relationship the Puritans actually had with the natives, which resulted in multiple wars and the almost complete annihilation of all native tribes in the area. This is just one small example of Puritan hypocrisy that applies not only to this but also many other of the Puritans religious ideals and soured the mostly positive influence the Puritans had on the region. Not only did religion shape New England democracy it also played a major part of it. Most laws passed enforced religious moral codes, religious leaders, such as John Winthrop, had a huge influence on government or held important government positions, and church membership decided a person’s ability to have a voice in
The New England colonies include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The first settlers that came into the New England colonies were the Puritans who wanted to practice religious freedom. Unfortunately, most of these colonies are not tolerant of other religions. The self-government economy is based on religious beliefs. Finally, the colonies rely on fishing and shipbuilding since the soil and long winters are unsuitable for farming.
The Puritans though that brotherhood, community, and religion to be the most important social standings in their colonies, yet were violent towards non-Puritans. The New England colonies were very religiously active compared to other colonies like Virginia, were religion was an afterthought. Because of the Tobacco craze in Virginia, it was only until the mid-1700’s when religion actually became a part of the colony. In general the Puritans were extremely intolerant of other beliefs that were not theirs, and history shows that they could become quite violent towards non-believers. Anyone who was an outsider or deemed non-Puritan would be banished or executed; in Puritan society, the fear of outsiders was ingrained into the mind of Puritan followers,
In all, I assumed that because of the Mayflower Compact, everyone in the New Colony tolerated new ideas and opinions from colonists and natives. From reading chapter 3, my perception of Puritan colonists’ interactions together changed. I learned about the intolerance the Puritans had to differing opinions to the Protestant faith. When Roger Williams, a minister, questioned Governor Winthrop about topics like taking native lands and complete separation from the Church of England, he was banished (http://www.rogerwilliams.org/biography.htm). In another example of intolerance, Anne Hutchinson was also banished.
One of the main two ways that social and cultural characteristics would benefit the war effort were that the colonies in the New England were mostly made up of villages which could be used to house the soldiers. The other characteristic that would benefit the war was that there were skilled craftsmen who could forge weapons that could be used in war. One of the challenges to the war effort were that the Pilgrims and Puritans migrated to escape religious persecution that was imposed by Great Britain. Another challenge to war effort is that they only like their own religion and were highly intolerant of other religions. Lastly, tying in the second challenge to war effort was that the Pilgrims believed that anyone not of their own religion was an “imposter” and didn’t belong in the
Many of the traditional practices in Virginia were thanks to the structure applied by the England country courts. Because the Church of England was the established church in the colony, it legally required colonists to attend its services and, through taxes, to financially support its ministers. Furthermore, it made the church a place where people could make political, social and economic networks. They “came together not only to worship but to exchange business documents, discuss tobacco prices, argue over the quality of horses, catch up on local gossip, and share news of the wider world." (Pagan.