Nathaniel Hawthorne’s life is described as being “steeped in the Puritan legacy his early ancestor, William Hathorne, first emigrated from England to America in 1630 and settled in Salem, Massachusetts, where he became a judge known for his harsh sentencing. William’s son John Hathorne, was one of the judges during the Salem witch trials in the 1690’s. Nathaniel later added a “w” to his name to distance himself from this side of the family” ("Nathaniel" Biography.com). In The Scarlet Letter Hawthorne talked about “...the utopian aspect of the Puritan migration to New England (Kaul p. 59). Hawthorne’s “choice of chronological setting aligns the book with all of his studies of the historical past and in particular with his explorations of the Puritans in tales like “The maypole of merry mount” and “Endicott and the Red Cross (Brodhead p.153).
Nathaniel Hawthorne Puritan Influence Nathaniel Hawthorne drew from his personal and childhood experiences to write his literary works. The event that affected him and showed in his writing was “...the infamous Salem witch trials had taken place more than 100 years earlier, the events still hung over the town and made a lasting impression on the young Hawthorne…("The Scarlet,"History.com). By the event having a impact on him from a young age it affected his writing and helped him in the development of a strong minded main character in his book The Scarlet Letter. Knowing about the earlier life of Nathaniel Hawthorne will help the reader better understand why Puritanism is the bulk of his literary works. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts in 1804 and was the only son of Nathaniel and Elizabeth Clark Hathorne, his father was a sea captain [who] died in 1808 of yellow fever while at sea ("The
It is also worth to notice that John Hawthorne, one of the Salem Witch Trial Judges, was his great grandfather (Concise Dictionary of American Literary Biography). Since Salem was his hometown, he developed his writing through the gospel of American Puritanism and intend to spread those principles through his literature which also gives the focus of his literature. Hawthorne’s writing style was unique and was well-regarded for several reasons. First of all, Hawthorne induces readers to use their own imagination to interpret the meaning of the tale, as it is evident in “The Minister’s Black Veil”. Moreover, he likes to present multi-fold and multi-perspective of a character.
For generations, authors have written stories in order to exploit the actions of a certain group or person. The Scarlet letter is a novel written by Nathaniel Hawthorne is no exception to this. This novel takes place in 1850 and follows main character, Hester Prynn, as she endures life in The Massachusetts Bay Colony with her daughter. The novel focuses the struggle of a mother who had a child out of wedlock and the reaction of the Puritan society in which she resides. This plot was selected by Hawthorne in order to express his own social commentary on the Puritan Culture at the time.
“A person, who watched the interview between the dead and the living, scrupled not to the affirm that, at the instant when the clergyman’s features were disclosed, the corpse had slightly shuddered, rustling the shroud and muslin cap, though the countenance retained the composure of death.” Nathaniel Hawthorne, born in 1804, had been a descendant of Puritan settlers and had grown up with society constantly beating down on him, because of his family history. After he went to college at Bowdoin College, he had a desire of writing and soon composed a very famous story called The Minister’s Black Veil, This short story depicts two major themes that one can gather from reading this story, them being; standing up to your beliefs or morals can be
During the year 1850, author Nathaniel Hawthorne published The Scarlet Letter, which expounds upon those people that lived in a puritanical society, yet willingly disobeyed their morals. Hawthorne depicted this real life situation through a secret affair between Reverend Dimmesdale and a married woman, Hester Prynne. Both characters chose to fulfill their lustful desires over remaining faithful to their religion, which led them to undergo life-altering personality changes. Through the creation of Dimmesdale and Hester, Nathaniel Hawthorne was able to use The Scarlet Letter to explicate the people who daringly rebelled against their religious probity and, as a result, drastically altered their lives and personalities. Reverend Dimmesdale, one of the main characters and one of the most notable priests in The Scarlet Letter, suffered from devastating life and personality changes because of his decision to rebel against one of the most prominent Puritan morals regarding faithful relationships.
It is safe to assume that every human being has had to endure certain plights in their lifetime, some resulting easier to move on from than others; however, it’s how one manages to address these difficult situations that defines whether one survives and continues living plentifully, or withers in their own misery. In The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Roger Chillingworth arrives to the young North American colony of Boston to find his wife, Hester Prynne, on trial for adultery, carrying the progeny of her sin, Pearl, in her arms. Shortly after the trial, he sets out to annihilate Pearl’s father, Arthur Dimmesdale, which transforms him into something he himself had never believed to become. Roger Chillingworth is initially perceived as a respected, wise and penitent physician; however, as he seeks revenge against Dimmesdale, he solely dedicates himself to see the young magistrate suffer for his sin and loses his humane characteristics, leading him to feel empty and with lack of purpose after Dimmesdale’s death, which
They moved to Baltimore together and set up a store; when the American colonies started to revolt, he fought in the Revolutionary War for his country. Mrs. Arnold, Poe's grandmother, showed up on the stage on February 28, 1791 and left the stage in England on June 13, 1795. David Poe grew up in Baltimore after his birth on July 18, 1784, and he grew up being expected to go into law. He went into acting instead and made his first professional acting job a success
Martin Luther was born on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Germany. His parents were peasants who were superstitious and religious and wished for Martin Luther to become a lawyer. Luther entered the University of Erfurt in 1501, and in 1502 he received his bachelor 's degree and later his master 's degree in 1505. On July 2, 1505, Martin Luther was walking near Stotternheim, when a thunderstorm came upon him. Luther vowed that if he could make it out of the thunderstorm alive, he would become a monk.
The Birthmark- Reader’s Response Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, the infamous town where a very significant historical event occured. Hawthorne was the great-great-grandson of John Hathorne, one of the three judges over the Salem witch trials nearly a century ago. After the death of his father in 1808, Hawthorne’s uncle Robert Manning, prominent pomologist of that time, took Hawthorne into his care in Raymond, Maine. As a young man Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Franklin Pierce. After obtaining his degree in 1825, Hawthorne moved back to Salem for twelve years and wrote many novels, sketches, and short stories that are still very popular today, including
This awakening promised access to salvation through a person’s actions and declared the truth of personal salvation. The reformers of the era called for a recreation of the protestant faith something that had been set in place for over hundreds of years. Through this awakening church leaders wanted to reinvent the Christian faith and broke into groups such as the Mormons, Millerites, and the Shakers. This era proved the American characteristic of reinvention through the recreation of the Christian faith to the denominations likings, much similar to the
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
In the second chapter of The Scarlet Letter, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the narrator employs a critical yet interested attitude toward the Puritans. This, combined with imagery and diction, has enabled the narrator to effectively describe the practices and beliefs of a traditional Puritan society. In the first part of this passage, one can see the use of imagery is very prominent. By describing the community gathered around with “their eyes intently fastened” on the prison door, the reader can infer that the narrator takes an interest in the doings of the Puritans in Boston. This is probably because the author was born in Salem, a major Puritan settlement in the early 1600s.
Theodor Seuss Geisel aka Dr. Seuss was born on March 2, 1940, in Springfield, Massachusetts. His parents were Theodor Robert Geisel, a successful brew master, and Henrietta Seuss Geisel. He had two sisters, Marnie, two years older, and Henrietta 3 ½ years younger. Henrietta died at the age of five due to pneumonia. Dr. Seuss attended Dartmouth College, where he became the editor in chief of its humor magazine, Jack-O-Lantern.
When people think about who shaped early America, they often imagine George Washington, Ben Franklin, or Thomas Jefferson. While these founding fathers did shape America, an earlier group of settlers who impacted how American was formed were the puritans. After settling in New England, the puritan’s ideas and beliefs shaped how their were societies formed and their interactions with others. Puritan ideas and values influenced political, economic and social development by creating a closed and strict society based on religious beliefs, which ultimately lead to the formation of successful colonies. The puritan religion originated with John Calvin, who believed that from birth humans were predestined by God to go to either heaven or hell,