Teachers have to allow and encourage children to share their values, ideas and opinions. We have to remember that participation isn’t just taking part it’s the active participation of everybody, the decision making must be mutual. ( Earlyarts,
Thus, it helps educators recognise the need to think and know clearly about what they are doing within the context of education as a societal institution or more broadly as the process of human existential growth. In other words, it is simply "to get people thinking about what they are doing. The common understanding about philosophy of education is that all about aims, but what are the proper aims to be achieve through education? and also what are the criteria needed to evaluate educational efforts, practices, and products?. At present philosophers and educational theorists have proposed many aims of education with their own views and perspectives.
The main purpose of education is for personal growth, for self enhancement, to obtain occupational skills, to develop social and moral responsibilities and to become culturally literate. For every aspect of life one needs to be educated in order to master the art of what they do, hence education is life. As many educational theorists such as Dewey, Vygotsky, Bruner and Piaget stated in their theories, I believe that students learn best by constructing their own knowledge and by being actively involved in the learning process. These are based on the theories known as constructivism and progressivism. For the theory involving constructivism, students assemble their own knowledge and each individual creates subjective representations to objectives due to their prior knowledge thus, teachers act as the guide on the side to direct them along the right understanding.
Giving choices and allowing children to choose their daily activities helps to build autonomy. Hedrick (1996) suggest that providing choices for children is a fundamental aspect of high-quality early childhood curriculum. It is also cited in as one of the principles of developmentally appropriate practice which states, “Following their own interests, children choose among various activities…” (Bredekamp & Copple, 1996). As we provide children with choices in their daily activity, educators need to understand the importance of the choices given to children in their class. Such classroom set up reflects a child - centered approach rather than teacher - centered.
Teacher are the gateways for the students to enter and achieve the successful life. Conclusion While to conclude the assignment I want to say that the framework of a theory allows us to organize a large display of facts so that we can understand them. Theories about human development provide information or serve as a guide to acting on the world in a rational way, and they can inspire or stimulate further inquiry or research about behaviours. This refers to an educational with environments, curriculum, materials and instruction that are consistency with student's physical and cognitive abilities as well as their social and emotional
Vygotsky believed in the sociocultural theory that children learn actively and through hands-on experiences, and that parents and caregivers and peers have a role in a child’s development. He said children learn best when new information is scaffolded for them. He called the area of cognitive development, from where a child starts out to where he could get to with scaffolding, the Zone of Proximal Development. The third giant is Maria Montessori. A very important phrase in the Montessori philosophy is: “Teach me how to do it myself”.
As a pre-service training educator of early childhood education, I have been learning some educational philosophies and ideologies, theories of learning and teaching. By the hearing the term “philosophy” we can distinguish that is mainly concerning the theories of different philosopher related to education. Philosophy of education is concerned as the most important factor in the Child’s life. In the following essay, philosophy of education will be discussed. Firstly, philosophy is defined as an approach of learning which could be best attained and considered as a combination of different views accepted universally.it is mainly a set of different ideas and beliefs regarding the education which mentors the professional behavior of the teachers.
I believed that play is essential to children’s education that cannot be minimized and separated from learning. It is not only helping children develop pre-literacy skills, problem solving skills and concentration, but also generating social learning experiences, and helping children to express
Stimuli from the child’s environment including the social interactions made by the child are absorbed without any difficulty which becomes part of his character. In harmony with this statement, Montessori confirmed the characteristics and innate potentials of early learners in the sensitive periods of development which serve as guide to lay down the foundation and prepare the proper conditions in an environment of a growing child if the ultimate goal is to develop the child’s potentials which will become firmly rooted as part of the child’s character. This implies proper timing when addressing a need to maximize effort on the part of the provider and ease and enjoyment on the part of the learner while steering the child’s course in the right direction. Montessori refers the sensitive period to a special sensibility which a growing child acquires in growing up years. It is a transient disposition and limited to the acquisition of a particular trait.
They create students who want to learn, who are able to develop and express their own opinions, and who are able to succeed in his/her society. An effective teacher cares and respects every students and becomes a positive role model for help. Effective teachers are those who achieve the goals which they set for themselves or which they have set for them by others such as ministries of